Cases reported "Carcinoma, Renal Cell"

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11/273. Pancreatic lesions in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: the coexistence of metastatic tumors from renal cell carcinoma and multiple cysts.

    Multiple cysts and benign cystadenomas of the pancreas have been documented occasionally in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (HLS); however, the malignant involvement of the pancreas in HLS is very rare. We report a case of HLS in which metastatic tumors from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) coexisted with multiple cysts in the pancreas. A 22-year-old woman with a history of HLS had undergone a partial resection of the left kidney for RCC 3 years earlier, at which time a solid mass in the pancreatic tail and multiple pancreatic cysts were also incidentally detected by computed tomography. Over the following 3 years, the mass enlarged slightly, thus raising suspicions that it might be a primary neoplasm of the pancreas. She was referred to the Department of Surgery and Surgical Basic science to undergo surgery. In addition to the tumor in the pancreatic tail, however, further tumors in the pancreatic head were also disclosed by preoperative celiac arteriography and intraoperative palpation and ultrasonography. A distal pancreatectomy was performed, because the enucleation of all the tumors in the pancreatic head was technically impossible and because the patient declined a total pancreatectomy. A histologic examination of the mass in the pancreatic tail revealed metastatic RCC. This case emphasizes that metastatic disease should be included in the differential diagnosis when evaluating the pancreas in a patient with HLS.
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12/273. Long term survival in a young girl with renal cell carcinoma.

    A young girl with an uncommon renal tumour is the subject of this communication. A diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma was established post-operatively. Combined modality treatment including chemotherapy and radiotherapy has helped achieve a disease free survival of nearly 5 years.
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13/273. Metastatic renal cell cancer after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: long-term follow-up.

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of metastatic disease in longer-term follow-up of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with morcellation for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). patients AND methods: We present the findings at follow-up at 13.5 to 70 months (mean 33.4 months) of 57 previously reported patients. Three, all of whom initially had clinical stage N0M0 disease, were found to have metastases. One, who had a clinical stage T3 grade III/IV tumor, developed an asymptomatic recurrence in the renal fossa with associated chest metastasis 14 months postoperatively. The second, who had a clinical stage T2 grade II/IV tumor, developed painful bony lesions and a chest metastasis 20 months postoperatively. The third patient, with a clinical stage T3 grade IV/IV tumor, was found to have a solitary port-side abdominal-wall recurrence with no other evidence of metastatic disease at 25 months. CONCLUSIONS: Longer-term follow-up has demonstrated a 5% (3/57) rate of metastases after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. In two of these patients, the course was consistent with the natural history of RCC; however, the third had a port-site recurrence. Thus, it behooves us to be meticulous with our technique and to follow patients closely after laparoscopic nephrectomy. Several suggestions are made to reduce the likelihood of port-site recurrence.
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14/273. gene expression and serum levels of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF-binding proteins in a case of non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia.

    We describe a case of non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia (NICTH) associated with a renal cell carcinoma. serum insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) (including IGF-II E peptide), IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), insulin and c-peptide were measured before and after surgical removal of the tumour. IGFBPs were visualized by Western ligand blotting. Preoperatively 'big' IGF-II and IGFBP-2 levels were raised. IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 were low, while insulin, c-peptide and GH were undetectable. These changes were reversed by 2 days postoperatively. Protease assays showed little IGFBP-3 protease activity preoperatively. Preoperatively, neutral chromatography demonstrated most of the immunoassayable IGFBP-3 in a high molecular weight form with a small amount of IGF-II. Most of the IGF-II and big IGF-II eluted in lower molecular weight forms. Postoperative samples showed a shift in IGF-II which became increasingly associated with IGFBP-3 in both low and high molecular weight complexes. By Northern blotting, expression of all species of IGF-II mRNA in the tumour was 10-fold greater than in normal human liver. The tumour did not express IGFBP-1 or IGFBP-2. IGFBP-3 was expressed in small amounts, while the expression of IGFBP-4 was two-fold higher than in liver. In conclusion, we have confirmed high levels of big IGF-II and IGFBP-2 in NICTH, changes which are reversed postoperatively. The IGF-II is derived from the tumour which overexpresses these genes but IGFBP-2 probably arises from extratumour upregulation.
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15/273. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid change. A case report.

    Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a newly established entity of renal neoplasm with histological and molecular biological features different from those of common RCCs. Chromophobe RCC shows characteristically cloudy and reticular cytoplasm and cellular features resembling distal nephron. Its prognosis has been reported to be more favorable than that of common RCCs. Recently, however, several cases have been reported which showed sarcomatoid change to present poor prognosis. Here we present a case of chromophobe RCC with sarcomatoid change which was once resected surgically. The surgically resected tumor was histologically composed of chromophobe epithelial cell sheets and sarcomatoid elements. The former showed positivity for colloid iron staining, and was immunohistochemically positive for E-cadherin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), whereas the latter was positive for vimentin instead of colloid iron and E-cadherin. EMA was focally positive in the sarcomatoid element. The patient died with systemic metastases 14 months after the operation. Histologically, the metastatic tumors were composed only of sarcomatoid element lacking epithelial element. Based on these findings and previous reports, this case supports the existence of a tumor progression pathway from chromophobe to sarcomatoid RCC. It is necessary to perform careful postoperative investigation of chromophobe RCC due to its possible histological progression to the sarcomatoid subtype.
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16/273. Synchronous colorectal and renal carcinomas: a noteworthy clinical entity. Report of five cases.

    PURPOSE: This study was designed to highlight the incidence of synchronous colorectal and renal carcinomas and to review the literature on that issue. The case reports of five patients who presented with synchronous colorectal and renal cell carcinomas are presented. methods: A retrospective study, using systematic medical chart review, analyzed the cases of all patients who underwent large-bowel resection for colorectal cancer in our department between December 1996 and December 1998. RESULTS: Among 103 patients who underwent colorectal surgery during that period, five cases of synchronous colorectal and renal carcinomas were detected (4.85 percent). CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, we recommend the routine use of preoperative imaging studies to exclude synchronous asymptomatic renal lesions in patients presenting with colorectal cancer.
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17/273. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in a meningioma: a case report.

    Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is rare. We report a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in meningioma. A 67-year-old woman presented a two-week history of motor dysphagia and decreased short-term memory. She had undergone a left radical nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma 7 years ago, and had not received any adjuvant therapy. MRI disclosed a 3.0 x 3.0 x 3.0-cm sized round tentorial-based extraaxial mass with peritumoral edema in the left posterior temporal lobe. During operation, the tumor was found to be an encapsulated mass firmly attached to the tentorium. Histologically, the tumor was a meningotheliomatous meningioma extensively infiltrated by metastatic renal cell carcinoma, accompanying widespread coagulative necrosis. Immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin revealed strong positivity only in the renal cell carcinoma component. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Post-operative radiation therapy was applied to the whole brain. Three months after operation, the patient developed right hemiparesis and dysphagia. brain MRI at that time did not reveal recurrence or any other causative lesions, although the whole body scan disclosed uptake at the second lumbar vertebra and rib. The patient refused further treatment.
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18/273. Renal cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney--superselective embolization of a vessel in a remaining calix after partial nephrectomy.

    A 51-year-old patient underwent partial nephrectomy because of a renal cell carcinoma in a horseshoe kidney. Postoperatively a remaining calix led to persistent urinoma formation. By means of superselective embolization urine extravasation was stopped successfully. This demonstrates that superselective embolization can be an effective tool in the management of complications after open renal surgery.
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19/273. A case of hypervascular renal capsule leiomyoma.

    A case of leiomyoma of the kidney is reported. A 54-year-old woman was found incidentally to have a solid left renal mass on abdominal ultrasound examination performed during a follow-up study for chronic hepatitis, type C. Computed tomography (CT), dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and angiography revealed the hypervascular mass. Partial nephrectomy was performed under a preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. Histopathology diagnosed the mass as renal capsular leiomyoma. We considered that the hypervascularity of the tumor was related to the presence of rich capillary beds.
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20/273. Treatment of childhood renal cell carcinoma with lymph node metastasis: two cases and a review of literature.

    Standard treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is radical nephrectomy with lymph node dissection. Stages I and II have encouraging prognoses, but Stage III with regional lymph node metastasis can be unfavorable. Adjuvant therapy for pediatric patients with advanced RCC with lymph node involvement or metastatic lesion has not been defined. Advanced pediatric RCC is reported in two patients (boys, aged 6 and 9 years: Stage IIIs, Robson; Stage III and IV, pTNM classification) treated by nephrectomy and lymph node dissection followed by postoperative interferon-alpha (IFN), that can be used as an adjuvant therapy with side effects such as fever, bone marrow suppression, or decreased liver function. One is doing well for 7 years, another is suffered from lung metastases at 3 years after surgery. Although immunotherapy is expected to improve survival in pediatric patients with advanced RCC, surgical resection of renal and metastatic tumors remains the standard treatment.
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