Cases reported "Carcinoma, Squamous Cell"

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1/401. A case of advanced esophageal cancer showing a long-term complete response with chemotherapy with nedaplatin alone.

    We describe a case of advanced esophageal cancer treated successfully by chemotherapy with nedaplatin alone. A 60-year-old male with type 2 advanced esophageal cancer, which was located in the upper part of the esophagus and had invaded adjacent organs, was treated with nedaplatin 150 mg/body (100 mg/m2) given intravenously every 4 weeks from January 6, 1991. He achieved a partial response (PR) and was discharged in March 1991. Subsequently, he received nedaplatin 75 mg/body in an out-patient setting almost every month until August 1992. Toxicities were tolerable and included mild thrombocytopenia and nausea/vomiting. From serial evaluation in October 1993, the esophageal tumor was not observed. After 7 years since initial chemotherapy was administered, he still survives without the disease.
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keywords = esophagus
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2/401. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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ranking = 5
keywords = esophagus
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3/401. A novel clinical application for endoscopic mucosal clipping.

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic hemoclipping has been shown to be effective in the treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding. Here we describe a novel clinical application for endoscopic application of metal clips. methods: A middle-aged man with inoperable squamous cell cancer of the esophagus underwent per protocol a barium esophagogram to document tumor margins prior to radiation therapy. This study failed to localize the full extent of the tumor. At endoscopy, the tumor margins were clearly visible. To delineate the proximal and distal margins, detachable metallic clips were passed through the accessory channel of a standard endoscope and using a clip fixing device the clips were placed at each level. Subsequently, a chest x-ray was obtained. RESULTS: Placement of mucosal clips facilitated radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic mucosal clipping may serve as a useful technique for localizing or marking gastrointestinal lesions, especially for demarcating a precise radiation field when conventional techniques fail.
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keywords = esophagus
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4/401. radiation-induced esophageal carcinoma 30 years after mediastinal irradiation: case report and review of the literature.

    A 54-year-old man who had been irradiated in 1964 for cervical involvement by Hodgkin's disease was admitted in December 1994 to our clinic with strong complaints of dysphagia. The reason was a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the proximal esophagus in the previously irradiated region. The patient had no risk factors (abuse of nicotine or alcohol) for the developement of esophageal carcinoma. A reirradiation was performed, but the disease progressed locally and two weeks after the beginning of the therapy the patient developed two tracheoesophagocutaneous fistulae. The radiation therapy was discontinued and the tumor stenosis was bridged by a tube closing the fistulae. A retrospective dose analysis to evaluate the applied doses will be performed. Furthermore, an overview of 66 cases of the literature with radiation-induced esophageal carcinoma analysed concerning applied dose and latent interval will be given. In conclusion the reported case fits the criteria for radiation-induced malignancies (Chudecki Br J Radiol 1972;45:303-4) known from literature: (1) a history of previous irradiation, (2) a cancer occurring within the irradiated area, (3) gross tissue damage due to an excessive dose of radiation, and (4) a long latent interval between irradiation and development of cancer. Esophageal carcinomas belong to the rare secondary malignancies after the therapeutic use of ionizing radiation. Nevertheless in patients with dysphagia they should be suspected as a differential diagnosis even many years after mediastinal irradiation. The treatment of these tumors is very difficult and is associated with a poor prognosis.
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keywords = esophagus
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5/401. Massive pleural effusion and ascites resulting from esophagectomy with extensive lymphadenectomy for cancer of the abdominal esophagus.

    chylothorax is an uncommon but well recognized complication of esophagectomy. We present the case of a 57 year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the abdominal esophagus who underwent subtotal esophagectomy by right thoracotomy. Post-operatively, the volume of pleural effusion from the right chest was increased (1600-2000 ml/day). The effusion was straw colored, not changing to milky after meals. The characteristics and composition of the pleural fluid were similar to those of chyle. We therefore treated this patient using methods for treatment of chylothorax, conservatively, by administration of OK-432 and minocycline/hydrochloride into the pleural cavity from the chest tube with success. We discuss the pathophysiology of this unusual condition and its treatment.
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ranking = 5
keywords = esophagus
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6/401. Stomal recurrence invading the cervicothoracic esophagus and upper mediastinum: resectability and the creation of a safe anterior mediastinal tracheostoma.

    Surgical salvage for stomal recurrence is a for midable problem for head and neck surgeons. The two factors of considerable significance are resectability and establishment of a safe anterior mediastinal tracheostoma. A case of stomal recurrence invading the cervicothoracic esophagus and upper mediastinum is presented. Total esophagectomy and upper mediastinal dissection was performed. The esophagus was reconstructed immediately with a pedicled gastric flap. The omentum on the gastric pedicle was wrapped around the trachea to reduce the likelihood of erosion into the great vessels and to supplement the lateral blood supply to the trachea. No serious postoperative complications were observed. We believe that the total esophagectomy improved the resectability, and that the bulk of the gastric pedicle and the use of the omentum prevented significant postoperative complications associated with an anterior mediastinal tracheostoma.
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ranking = 6
keywords = esophagus
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7/401. Heterotopic sebaceous glands in the esophagus: histopathological and immunohistochemical study of a resected esophagus.

    A resected esophagus with numerous heterotopic sebaceous glands was examined in an attempt to determine whether esophageal heterotopic sebaceous glands are the result of a metaplastic process or a congenital anomaly. The present case concerns a 79-year-old Japanese man with numerous esophageal heterotopic sebaceous glands accompanied by superficial esophageal cancer. The resected esophagus possessed numerous heterotopic sebaceous glands, which could be seen clearly as slightly elevated, yellowish lesions. Histological examination of these glands, all of which were located in the lamina propria, revealed lobules of cells that showed characteristic sebaceous differentiation. Bulbous nests of proliferating basal cells showing sebaceous differentiation were occasionally observed in the esophageal epithelium. Of the antibodies against six different keratins used, only anti-keratin 14 labeled both the heterotopic sebaceous glands and the bulbous nests. Acquired metaplastic change of the esophageal epithelium is probably the pathogenetic mechanism involved in these unusual lesions.
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ranking = 10
keywords = esophagus
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8/401. Metastasis of an esophageal carcinoma to a giant gastric ulcer.

    In patients with esophageal carcinoma it is considered that stomach metastasis is induced mainly via the lymphatic route rather than via the bloodstream route that is common in other types of distant organ metastasis. A 56 year-old patient is reported who underwent synchronous subtotal esophagectomy and total gastrectomy for a middle third esophageal carcinoma and a giant peptic ulcer within the gastric fundus. The final histopathologic examination revealed a squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus with concomitant squamous tumor implantation within the gastric ulcer. The increased cell proliferation in the ulcer margin can serve as a "biological background or base" for implantation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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9/401. Primary placement of a voice prosthesis on transposed colon after total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy.

    BACKGROUND: Primary placement of a voice prosthesis may aid rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. methods: We present a rare clinical situation of a T4 NO MO squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx and esophagus in a patient who had previously undergone a transmesocolic Billroth II gastrectomy. RESULTS: The patient benefited from a total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy, with reconstruction using a transverse-descending colon transposition, and primary placement of a low-pressure voice prosthesis. CONCLUSION: Primary placement of a voice prosthesis may be successful even in a patient who requires extensive pharyngoesophageal reconstruction using transposed colon. To our knowledge, there has been no previous report of primary placement of a voice prosthesis on a colon autograft.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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10/401. Case report: A case of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the oesophagus and review of the literature.

    A 78-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital with dysphagia and weight loss. An oesophageal tumour was demonstrated radiologically and endoscopically, and was diagnosed as oesophageal cancer by biopsy. Histologically, the resected tumour showed poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma with prominent lymphoid stroma and was diagnosed as the so-called lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC). Epstein-Barr virus in the tumour was negative by polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. Oesophageal LELC is extremely rare. The cases in the literature, as well as the one reported here, presented with gross features of a submucosal tumour-like appearance. Although the differentiation of the tumour cells is often poor, prognosis seems to be better than for other types of oesophageal cancer. Oesophageal LELC has characteristic clinicopathological features and should be classified by criteria independent of other types of tumour.
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ranking = 4
keywords = esophagus
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