Cases reported "Carcinoma, Squamous Cell"

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1/142. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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2/142. A novel clinical application for endoscopic mucosal clipping.

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic hemoclipping has been shown to be effective in the treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding. Here we describe a novel clinical application for endoscopic application of metal clips. methods: A middle-aged man with inoperable squamous cell cancer of the esophagus underwent per protocol a barium esophagogram to document tumor margins prior to radiation therapy. This study failed to localize the full extent of the tumor. At endoscopy, the tumor margins were clearly visible. To delineate the proximal and distal margins, detachable metallic clips were passed through the accessory channel of a standard endoscope and using a clip fixing device the clips were placed at each level. Subsequently, a chest x-ray was obtained. RESULTS: Placement of mucosal clips facilitated radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic mucosal clipping may serve as a useful technique for localizing or marking gastrointestinal lesions, especially for demarcating a precise radiation field when conventional techniques fail.
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3/142. Resection of triple synchronous cancers: a case report.

    We herein present a case of synchronous triple cancer, which was successfully resected in a curative manner. These cancers consisted of primary duodenal, pancreatic and lung cancers, which were diagnosed in an asymptomatic 74 year-old male, who was referred to our department on December 14, 1996. On admission, his laboratory data showed no abnormality, including tumor markers (CEA 1.0, CA 19-9 1.0, AFP 8.1 U/ml), but he did show an impaired pulmonary function (FEV1.0: 57%). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a smooth surfaced duodenal tumor measuring 4 cm in size. The second tumor was found at the head of the pancreas by computed tomography (CT), showing a hypervascular mass measuring 3.0 cm, along with neighboring multiple cysts. In endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), marked mucous secretion was observed through the papilla, while a filling defect was found in the dilated pancreatic duct. In a routine chest X-ray, a third tumor, which measured 1.5 cm in diameter, was recognized in the right upper lobe of the lung, and a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was also detected by a percutaneous CT guided biopsy. The pancreatic and duodenal tumors were surgically resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy (Stage I) in January 1997 and, 5 months later, a lung tumor underwent partial resection (Stage I). This patient tolerated these surgical procedures well and presently leads a normal, healthy life after discharge. In summary, a successful resection of synchronous triple cancers, which has never been previously reported in this specific combination, is described.
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4/142. Primary cancer of the larynx associated with primary lung cancer. Report of 21 cases, 14 with autopsy findings and 7 biopsies.

    The present paper reports 21 cases (14 autopsies and 7 biopsies) of associated primary cancers of the larynx and the lung. This association is by no means uncommon, the laryngeal lesion being usually the first to appear. Mulitple primary cancers--of the same or of a different histologic type--tend to occur in the same organ or organ system, either simultaneously or after a time interval. In case of synchronous primary malignant tumour of the larynx and lung the most lethal cancer (the lung cancer) must be managed first. Cancer patients are more likely than other individuals to develop a second primary malignant tumour. Laryngectomized patients should be followed-up possibly by means of cytologic examinations of bronchial secretions and chest x-rays at short intervals for early detection of a possible second primary malignant pulmonary lesion.
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5/142. Desmoid tumor of the chest wall following chest surgery: report of a case.

    Desmoid tumors of the chest wall following chest surgery are a rare occurrence. A case of this disease is reported herein together with a review of the literature. A 74-year-old man, who had previously undergone a right lower lobectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, was referred to our hospital with an abnormal shadow on his chest X-ray. The tumor, located in the right lateral chest wall, was successfully resected by an aggressive, wide extirpation, and a final diagnosis of a desmoid tumor originating in the chest wall was made. When following up patients after surgery for lung cancer, the possibility of desmoid tumors developing in the incised chest wall should therefore be kept in mind.
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6/142. A long-term survival case of thymic squamous cell carcinoma, performed complete extirpation with vascular reconstruction of the superior vena cava.

    A 59-year-old woman who complained of anterior chest pain exhibited an abnormal shadow on chest X ray and was admitted to our hospital. The chest X ray showed a demarcated tumor at the anterosuperior mediastinum and she was diagnosed as having a mediastinal tumor. After the midsternotomy was performed, the mediastinal tumor derived from the thymic tissues was discovered to have invaded the right upper lung, pericardium and superior vena cava. After excising the tumor, anastomosis between the right brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava, followed by that between the left brachiocephalic vein and right cardiac auricle was performed using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene-ringed vascular grafts (phi 10 mm) for reconstruction. The tumor was diagnosed as a thymic carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma) pathologically. After surgery, she was treated by cobalt irradiation. One month and again 3 months after the operation, venography showed patency. The patient has not demonstrated recurrence for 9 years and 6 months.
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7/142. Bowen's diseases and basal cell carcinomas in a patient.

    bowen's disease is a well-known precancerous lesion, in which invasive squamous carcinoma may develop. However, it is rare that bowen's disease, basal cell carcinoma, and internal malignancy develop in a single patient. We report a case of a 54-year-old male patient with bowen's disease, basal cell carcinoma of the skin, and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Multiple scaly erythematous patches had developed several years earlier and were diagnosed as bowen's disease by skin biopsy. The number of lesions increased and, five months ago, a right lower lobectomy was done for squamous cell carcinoma which was detected on a chest X-ray. skin biopsies of two different sites revealed bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. The arsenic level was increased in his hair specimen. cryotherapy was applied.
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8/142. Cavitary lung cancer with an aspergilloma-like shadow.

    A 66-year-old man who complained of cough and haemoptysis had a cavitary lesion with the meniscus sign in the right lower lung field on his chest X-ray and CT scan. He had smoked 40 cigarettes daily, for about 46 years. Initially, he was diagnosed with aspergilloma and given an antifungal agent. After 2 months, the cavitary lesion showed a slight irregularity of the inner border. The walls were irregularly thickened and were surrounded by infiltrative densities compared with the previous chest radiograph. Enlargement of right hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes was also observed. The fungus ball-like shadow was fixed on the anterior wall of the cavity and its position was not altered with the patient's movements. These radiographic findings led to suspicion that the lesion might be malignant. Transbronchial lung biopsy of the cavity wall and CT guided needle aspiration biopsy of the fungus ball-like lesion were performed. Microscopic examination revealed a squamous-cell carcinoma in both the cavity wall and the fungus ball-like lesion. There was no evidence of fungal elements. In conclusion, the meniscus sign is most often associated with benign diseases such as aspergilloma, however, one should remember that carcinoma may be a cause.
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9/142. Disconnection of a venous Port-A-Cath followed by embolization after saline flush: rare case report.

    A 77-year-old man presented with painful swelling of his Port-A-Cath insertion site soon after flushing with normal saline. No discomfort or abnormality was found during the saline flush. A chest roentgenogram showed that the disconnected catheter had separated from the disc and was absent from its original location. The disconnected catheter was found embolized, by chest roentgenogram and CT scan, to the right atrium and hepatic vein. The patient was treated successfully with an X-ray guided extraction of the catheter. The possibility of catheter disconnection with embolization should be considered and a chest roentgenogram performed immediately in cases of rapid swelling of subcutaneous tissue around the port chamber after fluid infusion.
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10/142. Squamous cell carcinoma of the finger masquerading as an abscess. Case report.

    A 43-year-old man presented with an abscess on his left ring finger, which recurred despite multiple drainage procedures. Histological examination of the lesion was unhelpful; it was only on histopathological examination of the finger after ray amputation that the diagnosis of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma was established. This case illustrates the need to consider malignancy when dealing with chronic finger infections.
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