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1/463. Bilateral renal masses after local bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy for postcystectomy ureteral cancer.

    bacillus Calmette-Guerin was administered through the ileal conduit of a 63-year-old man with upper tract recurrence of transitional cell carcinoma. Subsequent computed tomography showed bilateral renal masses, which were granulomatous at pathologic examination. The bacilli likely reached the kidneys via proven ileoureteral reflux. patients with reflux may benefit from antituberculous prophylaxis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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2/463. Klinefelter's syndrome and bladder cancer.

    A patient with Klinefelter's syndrome is described who also had transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. His mother and maternal grandfather died of neoplasms. It is suggested that neoplasm and aneuploidy in the same family could have been caused by an inherited chromosomal instability rather than coincidence.
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ranking = 1.1268691835846
keywords = cancer, neoplasm
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3/463. A case report: rare case of primary transitional cell carcinoma of the fallopian tube.

    Carcinomas other than adenocarcinomas are extremely rare in the fallopian tube. A 42-year-old woman with watery, intermittent vaginal discharge was found to have a left adnexal tumor. This case was diagnosed as primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube, FIGO Stage Ia. She underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy, a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, a pelvic and periaortic lymphoadenectomy, and an omentectomy, followed by cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Four years after the initial diagnosis of the disease, she remains in a disease-free state. Histologically, the tumor revealed a primary transitional cell carcinoma of the left fallopian tube. The findings on an immunohistochemical test for an epithelial membrane antigen, the CA125 antigen, were positive, whereas findings on a test for CEA were negative. We report a case of a malignant neoplasm of the fallopian tube with histological features of transitional cell carcinoma that arose from the tubal epithelium.
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ranking = 0.063434591792291
keywords = neoplasm
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4/463. Papillary transitional cell carcinoma of the breast: a report of five cases with distinction from eccrine acrospiroma.

    Papillary carcinomas of the female breast exhibit a spectrum of morphologic appearances and might be mistaken for benign intraductal papillary lesions or papillary adnexal neoplasms. We report herein five cases of papillary carcinoma in which the epithelium closely resembled transitional cells of the urinary bladder. Grossly, the tumors had a nodular or papillary appearance, white, tan, or red in color. The microscopic features were those of an intraductal papillary proliferation of solid layers of epithelial cells overlying fibrovascular cores. The proliferating cells assumed a whorled or streaming growth pattern, with flattening of superficial cells. One case showed microinvasion. Comparison with a similar number of cases of the solid variant of papillary carcinoma of the breast showed a greater range of nuclear pleomorphism, mitotic counts, and a more varied immunohistochemical profile in the papillary carcinomas with transitional cell features. Eight cases of eccrine acrospiroma occurring in the female breast also displayed a solid or solid papillary pattern, with flattened superficial cells. These occurred in a younger age group, were located in the dermis or subcutis, and usually had zones of clear cells visible at low magnification. No evidence of recurrent or metastatic disease was found in the four patients for whom follow-up was available; the length of follow-up ranged from 18 months to 11 years. The stimulus for the development of this unusual phenotype is unclear, but the transitional-like variant seems to behave in a fashion similar to that of other types of papillary carcinoma of the breast. Distinction of this malignant lesion from various benign lesions that occur in the same region is mandatory.
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ranking = 0.063434591792291
keywords = neoplasm
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5/463. Quadruple cancer including bilateral breasts, Vater's papilla, and urinary bladder: report of a case.

    We herein report a rare case of quadruple carcinoma with heterochronous bilateral breast cancer, cancer of Vater's papilla, and cancer of the urinary bladder, which were all curatively resected. A 62-year-old woman previously underwent right and left modified radical mastectomies heterochronously. Recently, a dilatation of the lower bile duct, diagnosed as cancer of Vater's papilla, was resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy. hematuria during surgery led to the discovery of a solid bladder tumor. The tumor was resected by a transurethral resection. The histopathologic findings differed for all four lesions. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and to date has shown no recurrence.
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ranking = 2
keywords = cancer
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6/463. Chromosome instability in lymphocytes from two patients affected by three sequential primary cancers: the role of fragile sites.

    The chromosomal aberration rate and the expression of fragile sites induced by aphidicolin were evaluated in metaphase chromosomes obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of two untreated patients with multiple primary cancers. Spontaneous aberrations of chromosome number and structure and chromosome fragility were compared with controls with the use of the same methods. Chromosomal aberration rates and expression frequencies of fragile sites were significantly higher in the patients than in normal control subjects. In the patients, all but one structural chromosome aberration involved at least one fragile site. Our results suggest that fragile sites may be unstable regions of the human genome, which might play an important role in the genetic instability associated with cancer predisposition.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = cancer
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7/463. Primary tumor of the ureteral stump following a nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.

    BACKGROUND: A 64-year-old man presented with asymptomatic macroscopic hematuria during a follow up for a localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which was treated by a right radical nephrectomy 6 years earlier. methods: x-rays and a ureteroscopic examination revealed multiple papillary tumors filling the right ureteral stump. Surgery was performed to excise the ureteral stump and bladder cuff. The tumor was histologically a grade 2-3 transitional cell carcinoma without muscle invasion. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Only four patients with a ureteral stump carcinoma, including the present case, have been reported after a nephrectomy for RCC. Considering that this patient had a past history of multiple cancers, genetic or environmental factors may have contributed to the etiology of the ureteral stump tumor.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = cancer
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8/463. A sensitive bladder: an atypical presentation of cancer in a U.S. Army pilot.

    Bladder cancer is the most common cancer in the urinary tract, the vast majority (90%) of which are transitional cell carcinomas. A papilloma (grade I) lesion offers an excellent prognosis after excision, though recurrence is possible. The classic sign of bladder cancer is gross, painless hematuria. We report a case of transitional cell papillary carcinoma in an aircrew member with atypical presentation: irritative voiding symptoms without hematuria. With a careful history and physical, and aggressive clinical suspicion, an early diagnosis was made offering an excellent prognosis. The patient, an Army helicopter pilot, returned to flight status with a waiver.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = cancer
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9/463. bacillus Calmette-Guerin associated arthropathy mimicking undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy.

    The development of an inflammatory arthritis mimicking an undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (SpA) was seen in a patient being treated for a superficial bladder cancer with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Physical findings included classic dactylitis of both feet. This is the fourth report identifying a patient with BCG induced articular findings suggestive of a SpA with dactylitis. Studies of BCG stimulated cytokine secretion from peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed the patient to have enhanced interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and reduced interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) levels. Spontaneous IL-6 secretion was markedly elevated for the patient, compared to the control subject, but IFN-gamma secretion was quite similar. No differences were apparent with IL-4.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = cancer
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10/463. dermatomyositis in association with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.

    We report a case of dermatomyositis occurring in association with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. The case illustrates the importance of a thorough search for neoplasms in elderly patients with dermatomyositis and is a reminder that bladder cancer may be a rare cause of dermatomyositis. The case also shows that successful treatment of an underlying tumour may lead to resolution of paraneoplastic dermatomyositis, and relapse of cutaneous and muscle symptoms and signs may indicate recurrence of tumour.
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ranking = 0.31343459179229
keywords = cancer, neoplasm
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