Cases reported "Carcinoma"

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1/22. Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland--a low grade malignant neoplasm? Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas (EMC) are rare neoplasms of the salivary gland with an incidence of less than 1% arising predominantly in the parotid gland. Although they are thought to be of low grade malignancy, fatal courses are described. We report a case of EMC of the parotid gland in a 58-year-old woman with an unfavorable course of this disease in long term follow-up. The malignant potential of this tumor is discussed. In addition, we include another case of EMC of the submandibular gland.
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ranking = 1
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular
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2/22. Sialoblastoma of the submandibular gland: report of a case and review of the literature.

    Sialoblastomas are rare perinatal epithelial salivary tumors, with only 22 reported cases in the literature. While they have been reported to occur predominantly in the parotid gland, we present one case of sialoblastoma of submandibular gland origin. The surgical management of this patient is discussed. Histopathologic examination, including immunochemical, ultrastructural and cytogenetic studies, was performed. Pertinent literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 5
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular
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3/22. carcinosarcoma of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. A case report and review of the literature.

    carcinosarcoma of the salivary gland is a rare lesion, estimated at 0.2% of malignant salivary gland tumors [1, 2]. The present article describes a case occurring in a 54-year-old man with a submandibular mass in the right neck. Histologically, this lesion was a carcinosarcoma which involves the submandibular and the sublingual glands. Its stromal component was a chondrosarcoma and the epithelial one was an undifferentiated carcinoma in the whole tumor, with areas of adenoid cystic carcinoma in the sublingual gland. To our knowledge, we have not found any previously reported carcinosarcoma involving the sublingual gland.
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ranking = 0.87783519035476
keywords = submandibular
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4/22. carotid body tumor associated with differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

    We report a case of a carotid body tumor associated with a primary differentiated thyroid carcinoma. A 44-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of an asymptomatic mass in her neck. physical examination revealed a pulsatile submandibular mass in her right neck as well as multiple nodules in the thyroid. magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and, in particular, angiography were diagnostic of the carotid body tumor. Slight changes in serum thyroglobulin levels and thyroid scintigraphy led us to suspect thyroid carcinoma. Embolization of the arteries feeding the carotid body tumor was performed, and was followed by tumor resection 24 h later. At surgery, histopathology confirmed the presence of follicular and papillary carcinomas of the thyroid, resulting in concurrent resection of the gland. There were no residual cranial nerve deficits. The patient subsequently received radiotherapy. diagnosis and surgical management are discussed, together with pathogenetic factors.
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ranking = 0.14630586505913
keywords = submandibular
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5/22. Myoepithelial neoplasia of the submandibular gland: case report and therapeutic considerations.

    Tumors of the submandibular gland typically arise from the seromucinous acini, which make up the majority of the gland. The most common benign tumor of this structure is the pleomorphic adenoma, whereas the most common malignancy of the submandibular gland is adenoid cystic carcinoma. We describe an unusual case of a neoplastic process of the myoepithelial cells of the submandibular gland in a middle-aged woman. This rare tumor is most commonly diagnosed in the parotid gland and in the minor salivary glands of the hard palate; a review of the literature uncovered only 5 previous reports of myoepithelioma of the submandibular gland. Distinguishing myoepithelioma from benign pleomorphic adenoma and malignant myoepithelial carcinomas can be challenging. Immunohistochemical staining can help to distinguish between the benign neoplasms, but histologic features remain the "gold standard" for diagnosing the malignant tumors. Increasing use of immunohistochemistry panels to assess parotid neoplasms also suggests that myoepithelioma may be underrecognized.
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ranking = 8
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular
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6/22. Extrathyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) tumor--a new case report and review of literature.

    BACKGROUND: We report a case of extrathyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) tumor. methods: A 47-year-old man had a left neck mass that gradually enlarged over approximately 3 months. Sonography and CT scans showed a soft tissue mass located at the left parapharyngeal space with displacement of left carotid artery and submandibular gland. RESULTS: After total excision, the pathologic diagnosis was CASTLE tumor. The patient then received radiotherapy with a total dosage of 6600 cGy. After 21 months of postoperative follow up, there was no evidence of recurrence. CONCLUSION: Generally, the treatment of choice is surgical excision with or without radiotherapy. Because CASTLE tumors have been reported to be radiosensitive, however, and because local recurrence is common, surgical excision with postoperative radiotherapy is suggested.
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ranking = 1
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular
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7/22. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the submandibular gland.

    Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma (LCUC) arising in the submandibular gland is so rare that there have been only a few reported cases. We encountered a 65-year-old Japanese male, whose left submandibular gland was enlarged due to LCUC. Exenteration of the left submandibular gland together with selective neck dissection was performed, followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Current literature concerning the histopathological and clinical features of this neoplasm was reviewed.
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ranking = 7
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular
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8/22. Apocrine carcinoma in the parotid gland and in the submandibular region.

    The objectives of this paper are to report a case of apocrine carcinoma and the discussion of aspects related to its diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Carcinomas with apocrine differentiation not related to extramammary Paget's disease, ductal breast carcinoma, Moll's glands adenocarcinoma and ceruminous glands carcinoma are very uncommon tumors. We report a case of a 51-year-old black woman who developed apocrine carcinoma lesions in the head and neck region. Two lesions involved her left parotid gland (first tumor and local recurrence), and other involved her submandibular skin. The microscopic aspects were as follows: infiltrative glandular epithelial neoplasm with moderate cellular and nuclear pleomorphism; neoplasic cells with polygonal or circular shape, large nuclei and eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm. The apical decapitation secretion was viewed in a large number of intra-cystic tumor cells. Moreover, we found areas with comedo-necrosis or PAS positive staining (with or without diastase). Based on cutaneous apocrine carcinoma compatibility of the microscopic aspects, we concluded that the tumor in the submandibular skin was probably the primary neoplasm. The patient was treated by surgical excisions, and no evidence of recurrent or metastatic disease has been seen after a follow-up period of 12 months.
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ranking = 0.87783519035476
keywords = submandibular
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9/22. Undifferentiated carcinoma of the submandibular salivary gland with fulminant clinical course: a case report.

    Undifferentiated carcinoma of salivary glands is too poorly differentiated to be classified as any of the specific group of carcinomas. This is a rare disease, the incidence of which is rather low-to-very low in the Indian subcontinent. The tumor can assume an aggressive clinical behavior characterized by disseminated metastases. The prognosis is rated as dismal; as evidenced by this clinical report of a tumor in the submandibular salivary gland with synchronous metastases to the skull bones and in to the intracranial fossa. The putative relationship of the tumor to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is discussed.
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ranking = 0.73152932529564
keywords = submandibular
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10/22. Epithelial myoepitheial carcinoma of minor salivary gland--low grade malignant tumor presenting with nodal metastasis.

    Epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare low grade malignant salivary gland neoplasm that most commonly occurs in the parotid gland but can also arise in minor salivary glands. We report a case of primary epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma of minor salivary gland in a 25 year old women who presented with swelling left cheek of one year duration and bilateral submandibular lymphadenopathy. A mass causing erosion of mandible, thyroid cartilage and masseter muscle was identified on CT scan. This was excised and histological examination revealed a mixture of ductal structures consisting of inner dark cells and outer clear cells seen in solid sheets. Immunohistochemical analysis showed the clear cells to be weakly positive for S100 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) and ductal cells to be positive for cytokeratin (CK) and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). The characteristic morphological and immunohistochemical features aided in the diagnosis of epithelial myoepithelial carcinoma.
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ranking = 0.14630586505913
keywords = submandibular
(Clic here for more details about this article)
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