Cases reported "Carotid Artery Diseases"

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1/66. Spontaneous bilateral internal carotid artery dissection with hypoglossal nerve palsy.

    Spontaneous dissection of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) is increasingly being recognized as a common vascular disease. We report on a 52-year-old-male presented with bilateral extracranial internal artery dissection and twelfth nerve palsy and review the previous literature.
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keywords = vascular disease
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2/66. renal artery stenosis and aneurysmatic dilatation of arteria carotis interna in tuberous sclerosis complex.

    hypertension in children with neurocutaneous disorders (phacomatoses) is a well-recognized complication of these diseases and the cause of hypertension is fairly specific within each group. In patients with neurofibromatosis, hypertension is mainly caused by renovascular disease, whereas in tuberous sclerosis (TSC) reasons for hypertension are renoparenchymal lesions, such as angiomyolipoma or cysts. We report on a girl with TSC and hypertension due to unilateral renal artery stenosis associated with aneurysmatic changes of internal carotid artery. This unusual combination of symptoms in our patient supports the importance of thorough and complete investigation of hypertension in children with phacomatoses.
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keywords = vascular disease
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3/66. Successful management of a symptomatic fusiform dilatation of the internal carotid artery following surgery of childhood craniopharyngioma.

    INTRODUCTION: The development of fusiform dilatation of internal carotid artery is one of the vascular complications that can follow surgery for craniopharyngioma and other suprasellar tumours in children, but its pathogenesis and the line of management are still controversial. CASE REPORT AND DISCUSSION: We report a child who presented with a giant fusiform aneurysm involving the supraclinoid portion of the internal carotid artery after total removal of a craniopharyngioma and review the literature on related cases. The treatment of this phenomenon and its possible pathogenesis are discussed.
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ranking = 5.6979304086021
keywords = vascular complication
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4/66. Delayed recognition of a vascular complication, carotid artery aneurysm, 60 years after operation for muscular torticollis. A case report.

    An extremely rare vascular complication, carotid artery aneurysm, developed 60 years after a torticollis operation. The patient's internal jugular vein was completely obstructed proximal to the subclavian vein. There was an associated incomplete obstruction of the ipsilateral common carotid artery on the right aspect of the neck--the site where resection of the whole sternocleidomastoid muscle had been performed when she was one year old. The patient had audible bruits over the right common carotid at the base of her neck but no signs of occlusive cerebrovascular disease. The diagnosis was made mainly with use of technetium radionuclide angiography. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first such report in the English or German literature.
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ranking = 29.489652043011
keywords = vascular complication, vascular disease
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5/66. Carotid cavernous fistula and false aneurysm of the cavernous carotid artery: complications of transsphenoidal surgery.

    Injury to the cavernous internal carotid artery is an unusual and serious complication of transsphenoidal surgery. Two such patients with injury to the carotid artery, referred for endovascular treatment, are reported. The clinical course and successful treatment of these patients, one with an intracavernous false aneurysm and one with a carotid cavernous fistula, are described. A review of these vascular complications of transsphenoidal surgery is presented.
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ranking = 5.6979304086021
keywords = vascular complication
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6/66. Intracerebral abscess formation following embolisation of an internal carotid artery aneurysm using Guglielmi detachable coils.

    infection following endovascular therapy for cerebrovascular disease is a potential but rare complication. A 70-year-old lady in whom an intracranial abscess formed secondary to GDC embolisation of a giant right internal carotid artery aneurysm is reported. Computed tomography (CT) showed the abscess and staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the cerebrospinal fluid and blood. The abscess was successfully treated by antibiotic therapy. Infected Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC) may result in abscess formation in the presence of underlying cerebral ischaemia.
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keywords = vascular disease
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7/66. Neurological complications of Werner's syndrome.

    patients with Werner's syndrome have the appearance of premature ageing. Neurological complications are usually regarded as uncommon. The neurological manifestations in three patients with cardinal features of Werner's syndrome, including short stature, premature greying and baldness, thin arms and legs, cataracts and scleroderma-like skin changes, are presented. The neurological features included transient ischaemic attacks secondary to atherosclerosis in the common carotid arteries (one patient), sensory peripheral neuropathy (one patient) and peripheral neuropathy with a possible myelopathy (one patient). In one of these patients the diagnosis of Werner's syndrome was not recognised prior to neurological referral. Although neurological disease in patients with Werner's syndrome is uncommon, it may be under-recognised. Some of the neurological complications are secondary to premature cerebrovascular disease, but the pathogenesis of peripheral neuropathy and myelopathy in patients with Werner's syndrome is uncertain.
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keywords = vascular disease
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8/66. Isolated extra-cranial internal carotid artery aneurysm in a young adult with Eale's disease.

    A young male patient, a known case of Eale's disease presented with a large isolated aneurysm of the extra-cranial part of internal carotid artery. Detailed investigation failed to establish the etiology of the aneurysm, and it is possible that the underlying pathology may be the same as that of Eale's disease. Eale's disease is an idiopathic vascular disease of the peripheral retina and we hypothesize that aneurysm in this patient may be associated with Eale's disease of the eye.
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keywords = vascular disease
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9/66. Complications of ENT infections: pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery.

    ear, nose and throat infections are common, especially in children and young adults. Since the advent of antibiotics, complications from tonsillitis and pharyngeal abscess are rare, but potentially lethal. Vascular complications can be imaged with Doppler ultrasound and CT scan. The treatment of infectious vascular complications represents a significant challenge. We describe the case of a young girl presenting with a pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid and thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. Endovascular therapy was utilized to treat the patient.
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ranking = 5.6979304086021
keywords = vascular complication
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10/66. Intracranial atypical fibromuscular dysplasia with ruptured aneurysm--case report.

    A 53-year-old woman was admitted with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of an aneurysm associated with atypical intracranial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). Angiography demonstrated the aneurysm and very irregular form of the left internal carotid artery (ICA), the right ICA, and right proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA). Other arteries showed signs of atherosclerosis. The aneurysm was treated by embolization, but she subsequently died of shock of unknown cause. Detailed examination of serial angiograms detected enlargement of the aneurysm and progression of the irregular appearance of the ICA. FMD is a non-inflammatory and non-atheromatous arteriopathy that commonly affects the cervical ICA and sometimes the intracranial ICA. The association with saccular aneurysm is widely known and the prevalence of incidental aneurysms is higher than that in the general population. The common "string of beads" finding is easily distinguished from other vascular diseases, but non-specific findings such as "tubular stenosis" and "diverticular-like outpouching" are harder to differentiate. FMD is associated with various complications and appropriate periodic follow-up examination is required. Detailed analysis of serial angiograms may facilitate diagnosis of this condition.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vascular disease
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