Cases reported "Cat-Scratch Disease"

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1/3. Presumed ocular bartonellosis.

    BACKGROUND: The spectrum of diseases caused by bartonella henselae continues to expand and ocular involvement during this infection is being diagnosed with increasing frequency. methods: The clinical features and visual prognosis for 13 patients with intraocular inflammatory disease and laboratory evidence of bartonellosis were investigated. There were nine patients with neuroretinitis and four with panuveitis with positive antibody titres against B henselae determined by an enzyme immunoassay (IgG exceeding 1:900 and/or IgM exceeding 1:250). RESULTS: Positive IgG levels were found for eight patients and positive IgM levels for five. Despite animal exposure of 10 patients, only two (IgG positive) cases had systemic symptoms consistent with the diagnosis of cat scratch disease. Pathological fluorescein leakage of the optic disc was observed in all affected eyes. At 6 months' follow up, 3/18 (17%) affected eyes had a visual acuity of less than 20/100, owing to optic disc atrophy and cystoid macular oedema. 12 patients (17 eyes) were treated with antibiotics; visual acuity improved two or more Snellen lines for 9/17 (53%) eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The possibility of B henselae infection should be considered in patients with neuroretinitis and panuveitis (especially in cases with associated optic nerve involvement) even in the absence of systemic symptoms typical for cat scratch disease.
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2/3. Cat scratch encephalopathy.

    Cat scratch disease is usually benign, self-limited and without sequelae. Margileth has established four clinical criteria, three of which must be satisfied to make the diagnosis: 1) a history of animal exposure, usually kitten, with primary skin or ocular lesions; 2) regional chronic adenopathy without other apparent cause; 3) a positive cat scratch disease antigen skin test; and 4) lymph node biopsy demonstrating noncaseating granulomas and germinal center hyperplasia. central nervous system involvement in cat scratch disease has been previously reported, although it is extremely uncommon. In a several-month period, we encountered two cases of cat scratch disease complicated by encephalopathy. The intents of this paper are twofold: 1) to briefly review the current literature on cat scratch disease, 2) to demonstrate that cat scratch disease complicated by encephalopathy presents acutely with seizures, posturing and coma and resolves rapidly with supportive care.
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3/3. Imprint cytology of cat scratch disease. A report of eight cases.

    The cytologic features of cat scratch disease (CSD) from eight cases in imprint smears are presented. All patients were clinicopathologically diagnosed with CSD as follows: 1) a history of animal exposure was recorded 2 to 4 weeks before lymphadenopathy; 2) the disease occurred in the autumn and winter months; 3) a characteristic histopathology in the biopsied lymph node specimens was observed; and 4) Warthin-Starry silver stain-positive bacteria were detected in four of the seven cases examined. The characteristic cytologic finding was the presence of confluent epithelioid cells with nearby and central scattering of neutrophils against a background of polymorphic inflammatory cells. Furthermore, a varying number of medium-sized to large lymphoid cells with an appearance suggestive of monocytoid B lymphocytes (MBLs) were noted to be associated with the epithelioid cells. These cytologic findings closely paralleled the histologic patterns of epithelioid cell granulomas, with and without MBLs, which we have previously reported are probably associated with the disease.
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