Cases reported "Cataract"

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1/515. Cataracts, bilateral macular holes, and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment induced by lightning.

    PURPOSE: To report ocular injuries, including a unilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, induced by lightning. METHOD: Case report. A 30-year-old man was injured by lightning. RESULTS: The patient developed a severe decrease in visual acuity in both eyes, an afferent pupillary defect in his left eye, bilateral cataracts, posterior vitreous detachments, macular holes, and an inferotemporal retinal detachment with an associated flap retinal tear in his left eye. CONCLUSIONS: This is a case of bilateral cataracts, posterior vitreous detachments, macular holes, and a unilateral retinal detachment associated with lightning. We postulate that the heating of the retinal surface, the concussive forces on the eye, and a sudden lateral contraction of the attached vitreous resulted in bilateral posterior vitreous detachments and a unilateral peripheral retinal break.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ocular
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2/515. siderosis bulbi resulting from an intralenticular foreign body.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of siderosis bulbi that resulted from a small intralenticular foreign body. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 36-year-old man with normal visual acuity and a peripheral intralenticular iron foreign body in the left eye was treated conservatively. Nine weeks after the injury, he had ocular signs of siderosis bulbi, with changes in the electroretinogram. A clear lens aspiration with removal of the foreign body was performed. After removal of the iron foreign body, no progression or regression of the ocular signs of siderosis bulbi has occurred, and the electroretinogram has not changed over a 2-year period. CONCLUSIONS: Even in the presence of good vision, a patient with an intralenticular ferrous foreign body should be followed closely, and the foreign body should be removed before irreversible siderosis bulbi occurs.
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ranking = 2
keywords = ocular
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3/515. Stability of vision during space flight in an astronaut with bilateral intraocular lenses.

    PURPOSE: To report excellent and stable vision in an astronaut during space flight after bilateral cataract surgery with intraocular lenses. methods: A 60-year-old physician mission specialist astronaut developed cataracts and underwent phacoemulsification with insertion of one-piece polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lenses that had 6-mm optics bilaterally. Several months later, he flew on a space shuttle mission. Ocular examinations were performed before and after the mission, and the patient was questioned about visual changes during flight. RESULTS: Ocular examinations demonstrated stable bilateral posterior chamber intraocular lenses. Our subject reported excellent vision during liftoff, 18 days of microgravity, changes in cabin pressure, and reentry. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that intraocular lenses are safe, effective, and well tolerated during space flight.
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ranking = 8
keywords = ocular
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4/515. Complete occlusion of the anterior capsular opening after intact capsulorhexis: clinicopathologic correlation.

    PURPOSE: To report histopathologic findings of capsule contraction syndrome with complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening. methods: Case report. In an 81-year-old woman, a complete occlusion of the anterior capsulorhexis opening developed 2 months after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. We surgically removed the contracted anterior capsule and analyzed the membrane by standard light microscopy and actin immunohistology. RESULTS: Light microscopic analysis of the membrane showed fibrous tissue subcapsularly with metaplastic lens epithelial cells. The contracted capsulorhexis opening was filled completely with proliferated actin-positive lens epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening can be attributed to excessive shrinkage of the capsule, probably caused by actin filaments found in the residual lens epithelial cells together with weak zonular support, and to the occlusion of the remaining central defect by massive proliferation of metaplastic lens epithelial cells.
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ranking = 1137.0814718941
keywords = anterior capsular, capsular, ocular
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5/515. A case of an intraocular foreign body due to graphite pencil lead complicated by endophthalmitis.

    We report a case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with an intraocular foreign body composed of graphite pencil lead. The patient had been accidentally poked in the right eye with a graphite pencil. Primary care consisted of corneal suturing and lens extraction. Two pieces of the pencil lead remained in the vitreous cavity following surgery, and 2 days later the patient developed endophthalmitis. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed immediately and the intraocular foreign bodies were removed through the scleral wound. Cultures of the vitreous fluid revealed no bacterial organisms. X-ray fluoroscopic analysis of the vitreous detected 1 ppm of aluminum (a constituent of the pencil lead). Although the clinical presentation indicated probable bacterial endophthalmitis, the detection of elemental aluminum within the vitreous cavity also suggested the possibility of further retinal toxicity due to some dissolving of the pencil lead.
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ranking = 6
keywords = ocular
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6/515. A slit-lamp needling filtration procedure for uncontrolled glaucoma in pseudophakic and aphakic eyes.

    In one aphakic and one pseudophakic patient without previous filtration surgery, a transconjunctival needling procedure similar to that used for failed filtration procedures was performed to create a filtering bleb. In both cases, intraocular pressure was successfully lowered for 6 months until the occurrence of bleb encapsulation, which was relieved by transconjunctival needling. There were no complications. In selected cases, this minimally invasive slit-lamp needling procedure provides successful filtration.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ocular
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7/515. Ocular pathology of Lowe's syndrome in a female infant.

    The ocular pathologic findings are presented in a case of a female infant with clinical and biochemical evidence of Lowe's syndrome. A small but increasing number of reports suggest that the mode of inheritance is not always sex-linked. The ocular histopathologic findings in the present case parallel those previously described for this syndrome. While the pathologic findings in other systems are variable, it is thought that the constellation of lens and anterior segment changes are sufficiently characteristic to identify cases of Lowe's syndrome.
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ranking = 2
keywords = ocular
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8/515. Lens opacity after neodymium: YAG laser iridectomy for phakic intraocular lens implantation.

    We describe a previously unreported complication of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implanted in a phakic eye. The left eye of a 25-year-old patient with high myopia was treated prophylactically with neodymium: YAG (Nd: YAG) laser iridotomy prior to phakic IOL implantation. Slitlamp examination of the left eye disclosed an opacity of the anterior capsule of the crystalline lens under the iridotomy site. This case demonstrates a complication associated with Nd:YAG iridotomy prior to implantation of a phakic IOL.
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ranking = 5
keywords = ocular
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9/515. Surgically induced necrotizing scleritis in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis.

    We present the case of a 75-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis who developed surgically induced necrotizing scleritis (SINS) more than 3 years after uneventful extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. The patient presented with a painful eye and increasing vertical diplopia. To our knowledge, neither the association of SINS and ankylosing spondylitis nor vertical diplopia as its presenting complaint has been described.
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ranking = 14.039686087989
keywords = capsular, ocular
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10/515. Posterior capsule opacification and wrinkling in a case of capsular bag distension.

    We describe a complication following anterior neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy in a case of capsular bag distension which was diagnosed 21 months after cataract extraction with phacoemulsification and in-the-bag lens implantation. An anterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy was performed and immediately after this the posterior capsule collapsed and wrinkled, causing a marked decrease in visual acuity that necessitated posterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy.
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ranking = 65.198430439947
keywords = capsular
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