Cases reported "Cataract"

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1/13. Ocular injury caused by an air bag for a driver wearing eyeglasses.

    BACKGROUND: Although air bags have been shown to reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents, there have been many reports of air bag-related ocular injuries. We recently treated air bag-related corneal laceration in a patient wearing eyeglasses at the time of a motor accident. CASE: A 38-year-old Japanese man was driving a car at approximately 40 km per hour when he struck a stopped 2-ton truck. He was wearing a three-point lap-shoulder seat belt. At impact, the driver's-side air bag deployed and struck the man on the left side of his face. He was wearing eyeglasses with glass lenses, and the air bag broke the left lens of his eyeglasses, and glass fragments lacerated his cornea. OBSERVATIONS: External examination showed multiple superficial abrasions of the skin and ecchymosis of the left side of his face. Slit-lamp examination of his left eye showed corneal laceration and hyphema. The lens had opacities and was covered with fibrin membrane. Repair of the corneal laceration and phacoemulsification of the lens were performed. Six months later, his best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in the left eye. CONCLUSIONS: As cars are increasingly equipped with air bags, reports of air bag-related eye injuries have increased. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of corneal laceration caused by a shattered lens in an air bag-related injury. Ophthalmologists should caution patients about the danger of eye injuries in air bag-equipped cars, and thought should be given to improving the materials for eyeglasses.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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2/13. eye injuries associated with paintball guns.

    AIMS: This study identifies the various types of ocular injuries sustained after blunt trauma with a paintball fired from a paintball gun. methods: We report two patients who sustained injury to an eye after being shot with a paintball and review similar cases presented in the world literature. The type of injury sustained and the final visual acuity obtained after a paintball hit to the eye are examined. RESULTS: The two boys presented were hit in the eye with a paintball resulting in lens subluxation, hyphema formation, and angle recession. cataract extraction was required in both cases. One boy also had an optic neuropathy and a choroidal rupture. A review of the literature reveals a variety of injuries occur after a paintball hit to the eye. In some of the cases, the damage to the eye has led to loss of vision and at times loss of the eye. CONCLUSIONS: Paintball guns can cause devastating ocular injuries. Wearing protective eye and face gear during this game is essential. We recommend that an anti-fog face mask with a one-piece polycarbonate eye shield be worn by those participating in paintball games.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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3/13. Air bag-associated ocular trauma in children.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of children with ocular injuries related to air bag deployment. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seven patients with ocular injuries sustained in motor vehicle accidents in which air bags were deployed. methods: review of medical records. RESULTS: All patients had periocular contusions. Minor injuries included corneal abrasions (n = 5), superficial eyelid laceration (n = 1), and traumatic iritis (n = 2). Serious injuries included corneal edema (n = 1) and a traumatic hyphema with secondary glaucoma and cataract (n = 1). The latter patient required surgery. All other injuries resolved with medical therapy. All patients recovered normal visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: Serious ocular injuries in children may result from air bag deployment. Most such injuries are minor and resolve without sequela. It is recommended that infants and children travel in the rear seat of automobiles to minimize their risk of injury.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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4/13. Recurrent hyphema in an aphakic child: Swan syndrome.

    In 1973, Swan described 3 patients who developed hyphema months to years after uncomplicated cataract surgery. He noted focal vascularization from an ingrowth of episcleral vessels at the cataract wound site, resulting in recurrent intraocular bleeding. Swan syndrome has been reported following intracapsular cataract extraction, extracapsular cataract extraction (including clear corneal incisions), iridocyclectomy, and glaucoma filtering procedures. patients typically present with sudden painless blurred vision, often upon awakening, which may or may not be preceded by physical strain or trauma. Other patients are asymptomatic and diagnosed with hyphema or anterior chamber red blood cells on routine examination. The hyphema often resolve spontaneously, making later diagnosis difficult. Gonioscopic visualization of the abnormal wound vessels is necessary for diagnosis. Without active bleeding, however, the fibrovascular tuft may be easily overlooked. We report a case of Swan syndrome in a 16-month-old boy after cataract extraction was performed. To our knowledge, Swan syndrome has not been reported in the pediatric population. Children represent a significant proportion of patients undergoing anterior segment surgery and Swan syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyphema in this population.
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ranking = 8
keywords = hyphema
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5/13. Transient intraocular pressure elevation after trabeculotomy and its occurrence with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation.

    PURPOSE: To elucidate the characterization of intraocular pressure (IOP) spike after trabeculotomy, and after the combined procedure of phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA) and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. methods: Included in this study were 39 patients (53 eyes) with primary open-angle glaucoma with IOPs uncontrolled even with anti-glaucoma medication. We conducted a retrospective study for the following two groups: patients who underwent trabeculotomy alone (25 eyes) and patients undergoing trabeculotomy combined with PEA and implantation of an IOL (28 eyes). RESULTS: In 7 (28%) of the 25 eyes after trabeculotomy alone and 7 (25%) of the 28 eyes after the combined procedure, transient IOP elevation was found postoperatively. The incidence of hyphema-related IOP spike was significantly higher in eyes after trabeculotomy alone (16%) than after the combined procedure (0%). After removal of the blood present in the anterior chamber in eyes with hyphema-related IOP spikes, the IOP levels were well controlled. CONCLUSIONS: hyphema-related IOP spike is one of the common complications in eyes after trabeculotomy alone, and the combined procedure decreases the incidence of this complication. It is thought that removal of prolonged massive hyphema is effective as treatment for hyphema-related IOP spike.
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ranking = 4
keywords = hyphema
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6/13. Complications of ocular paintball injuries in children.

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the ocular complications of paintball injuries in children. methods: The clinical course of four children with traumatic ocular paintball injuries was evaluated. All patients underwent a complete ocular examination. Their age, injuries sustained, surgical procedure(s) performed, presence of protective eyewear at the time of injury, and final visual outcome was assessed. The presence of directly related anterior and posterior segment abnormalities were also evaluated. RESULTS: Four boys sustained traumatic paintball injuries. Average patient age was 11.25 years (range: 10-12 years). None of the children were wearing ocular or facial protection at the time of the initial injury. All patients had hyphema and traumatic cataract, and some form of retinal pathology (vitreous hemorrhage, epiretinal membrane, retinal hemorrhage, and choroidal rupture). One child had a partial-thickness corneal laceration that did not require surgical intervention. All other patients underwent ophthalmic surgery. Final visual acuity was 20/30 or better in two patients, and 20/100 or worse in the others. The cause of decreased visual acuity in these children was directly related to macular pathology. CONCLUSION: Ocular injuries resulting from paintball impact are often severe and usually occur when the participants are not wearing eye protection or this protection becomes dislodged. Treatment of these injuries is sometimes limited to an attempt to salvage what remains of useful vision. Unfortunately, most of these sports-related injuries could have been prevented if patients wore adequate eye protection when involved in this sport.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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7/13. A case of isolated posterior capsule rupture and traumatic cataract caused by blunt ocular trauma.

    An isolated rupture of the posterior capsule that is caused by a blunt ocular trauma has been rarely reported and is usually detected incidentally during surgery for a complicated cataract. We found an isolated posterior capsule rupture on the third day after trauma in a 25-year-old man who was admitted for the treatment of traumatic hyphema and we performed a phacoemusification and anterior vitrectomy with PC-IOL, implantation because of the traumatic cataract which had progressed after the injury. The PC-IOL was implanted safely into the capsular bag without severe enlargement of the posterior capsular rupture. The break seems to function as a capsulotomy which provides a clear visual axis. We report this case with a review of the literatures.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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8/13. Bleeding during gonioscopy after deep sclerectomy.

    PURPOSE: To show a new complication after deep sclerectomy (DS). methods: We described two eyes of two patients with open-angle glaucoma and cataract who were operated on of an uneventful phacoemulsification and DS with SK-gel implantation. RESULTS: Bleeding during gonioscopic examination occurred in both eyes 7 and 8 months after combined surgery. The blood originated from the vessels around the Descemet window, and was probably due to manipulation or rocking of the goniolens. Pressure was immediately applied to the gonioscopic lens and the hyphema was interrupted. CONCLUSION: These cases show the presence of new vessels around the Descemet window after DS with SK-gel. Bleeding from the Descemet window vessels can occur during gonioscopy even months after DS. We recommend conducting a careful gonioscopic examination in patients who have undergone DS to avoid this complication.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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9/13. Unusual presentation of Amsler's sign in Fuchs' heterochromic uveitis.

    hyphema occurring after ocular paracentesis has been described as a classic feature of Fuchs' heterochromic uveitis (FHU) (Amsler's sign). We describe a case of hyphema occurring after peribulbar anesthesia in a patient with FHU. The bleeding occurred before the surgery began. Although the occurrence of this phenomenon does not preclude successful surgical outcomes, topical anesthesia may lower the risk preoperatively.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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10/13. Bee sting-induced ocular changes.

    A six-year-old boy was stung by a bee on his right cornea. A severe conjunctival injection, chemosis, marked corneal edema, and hyphema developed. A partially dislocated lens, partial iris atrophy, and cataract formation were subsequently noted. He was treated with systemic and topical corticosteroids. Later, the subluxated cataract was removed through the pars plana approach.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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