Cases reported "Cataract"

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1/66. Stability of vision during space flight in an astronaut with bilateral intraocular lenses.

    PURPOSE: To report excellent and stable vision in an astronaut during space flight after bilateral cataract surgery with intraocular lenses. methods: A 60-year-old physician mission specialist astronaut developed cataracts and underwent phacoemulsification with insertion of one-piece polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lenses that had 6-mm optics bilaterally. Several months later, he flew on a space shuttle mission. Ocular examinations were performed before and after the mission, and the patient was questioned about visual changes during flight. RESULTS: Ocular examinations demonstrated stable bilateral posterior chamber intraocular lenses. Our subject reported excellent vision during liftoff, 18 days of microgravity, changes in cabin pressure, and reentry. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that intraocular lenses are safe, effective, and well tolerated during space flight.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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2/66. Complete occlusion of the anterior capsular opening after intact capsulorhexis: clinicopathologic correlation.

    PURPOSE: To report histopathologic findings of capsule contraction syndrome with complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening. methods: Case report. In an 81-year-old woman, a complete occlusion of the anterior capsulorhexis opening developed 2 months after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. We surgically removed the contracted anterior capsule and analyzed the membrane by standard light microscopy and actin immunohistology. RESULTS: Light microscopic analysis of the membrane showed fibrous tissue subcapsularly with metaplastic lens epithelial cells. The contracted capsulorhexis opening was filled completely with proliferated actin-positive lens epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Complete occlusion of the capsulorhexis opening can be attributed to excessive shrinkage of the capsule, probably caused by actin filaments found in the residual lens epithelial cells together with weak zonular support, and to the occlusion of the remaining central defect by massive proliferation of metaplastic lens epithelial cells.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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3/66. Posterior capsule opacification and wrinkling in a case of capsular bag distension.

    We describe a complication following anterior neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy in a case of capsular bag distension which was diagnosed 21 months after cataract extraction with phacoemulsification and in-the-bag lens implantation. An anterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy was performed and immediately after this the posterior capsule collapsed and wrinkled, causing a marked decrease in visual acuity that necessitated posterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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4/66. Complete capsulorhexis opening occlusion despite capsular tension ring implantation.

    An 89-year-old woman and an 86-year-old woman had continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, phacoemulsification, and implantation of a silicone plate-haptic intraocular lens. Because of presumed weak zonules (high age, pseudoexfoliation), a poly(methyl methacrylate) capsular tension ring was also implanted. Despite this, both patients reported deterioration in visual acuity that was the result of complete occlusion of the anterior capsule opening by fibrotic tissue 4 and 3 months postoperatively, respectively.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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5/66. Ocular injury caused by an air bag for a driver wearing eyeglasses.

    BACKGROUND: Although air bags have been shown to reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents, there have been many reports of air bag-related ocular injuries. We recently treated air bag-related corneal laceration in a patient wearing eyeglasses at the time of a motor accident. CASE: A 38-year-old Japanese man was driving a car at approximately 40 km per hour when he struck a stopped 2-ton truck. He was wearing a three-point lap-shoulder seat belt. At impact, the driver's-side air bag deployed and struck the man on the left side of his face. He was wearing eyeglasses with glass lenses, and the air bag broke the left lens of his eyeglasses, and glass fragments lacerated his cornea. OBSERVATIONS: External examination showed multiple superficial abrasions of the skin and ecchymosis of the left side of his face. Slit-lamp examination of his left eye showed corneal laceration and hyphema. The lens had opacities and was covered with fibrin membrane. Repair of the corneal laceration and phacoemulsification of the lens were performed. Six months later, his best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in the left eye. CONCLUSIONS: As cars are increasingly equipped with air bags, reports of air bag-related eye injuries have increased. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of corneal laceration caused by a shattered lens in an air bag-related injury. Ophthalmologists should caution patients about the danger of eye injuries in air bag-equipped cars, and thought should be given to improving the materials for eyeglasses.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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6/66. Implantation of a toric poly(methyl methacrylate) intraocular lens to correct high astigmatism.

    A 57-year-old man experienced a decrease in visual function because of cataract formation. Corneal astigmatism was 13.4 diopters (D) because he had had a penetrating keratoplasty 27 years before. Cataract surgery was planned, and biometric data for toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were collected for the manufacture of a custom IOL. After phacoemulsification, a toric poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) IOL of 19.0 D spherical and 12.0 D cylindrical power was implanted via a sclerocorneal tunnel incision. Three months postoperatively, corneal astigmatism was 14.3 D and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), 20/25. Postoperative refraction ( 1.5 -3.0 x 90) and BCVA remained stable for 7 months. No significant IOL rotation was observed. Implantation of a toric PMMA IOL corrected high corneal astigmatism. Toric IOL technology with high cylindrical power allows enhancement of IOL surgery.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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7/66. Piggyback posterior chamber multifocal intraocular lenses in anisometropia.

    A 63-year-old white man with anisometropic hyperopia presented with cataract in both eyes. He had uneventful temporal limbal phacoemulsification with intracapsular placement of a multifocal 3-piece silicone intraocular lens (IOL) in his right eye (model SA-40N, Allergan, Inc.). One week later, 2 intracapsular 3-piece silicone IOLs (1 monofocal backward, Allergan model SI-40NB; 1 multifocal in front, Allergan model SA-40N) were implanted in his left eye. At 8 days postoperatively, uncorrected visual acuity was 20/20 for distance and J1 for near vision in the right eye and 20/30 and J2, respectively, in the left. These values remained constant until the patient was seen 7 months postoperatively. Power calculation and insertion order of the piggyback IOLs were considered.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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8/66. vitrectomy for macular edema combined with retinal vein occlusion.

    This study was performed in order to evaluate the effect of vitrectomy in eyes with retinal vein occlusion associated with macular edema. Twenty-nine years eyes (27 patients) with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), and 14 eyes (13 patients) with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) both associated with macular edema underwent phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, pars plana vitrectomy and peeling of the posterior hyaloid membrane. Follow-up ranged from 12 to 32 months. macular edema was reduced, and visual improvement was observed (p < 0.0001 in BRVO, p = 0.0257 in CRVO, paired t-test). Visual outcome was better in eyes with better visual acuity before surgery. Early vitrectomy may be recommended for retinal vein occlusion associated with macular edema.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phacoemulsification
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9/66. The effect of technology on the indications for cataract surgery.

    Before the introduction of modern ophthalmic surgical technology following World war II, cataract extraction was easier and safer to perform if the cataract was far advanced (mature) and both eyes were involved. The surgeon was constrained from early surgery by the frequency of severe complications, the long convalescent period, and the distortions of aphakic glasses. Now it is easier to perform phacoemulsification and implant lenses in the early stages of cataract formation when the nucleus is soft and the posterior lens capsule has not been weakened with age. Also, modern small-incision extracapsular cataract extraction has a low rate of complications and a short convalescent period. It is feasible to extract a clear lens or one with minimal opacifications and have a grateful patient. The surgeon is capable of improving the refractive state of the eye by selecting the power of the intraocular lens. These facts have led to instances where cataracts have been extracted that were responsible for minimal or no symptoms.
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keywords = phacoemulsification
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10/66. phacoemulsification in a patient with marked cervical kyphosis.

    A patient with long-standing ankylosing spondylitis and chronic uveitis needed cataract extraction in his only eye. Extensive spinal deformities, including cervical kyphosis, prevented him from being positioned satisfactorily for surgery using a routine head-end or temporal position for the surgeon. The best possible position for surgery was achieved using an orthopedic operating table, which allowed the patient's head to be reclined to a position of 60 degrees to the horizontal. Successful combined phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy was then performed, although the angle of approach for the surgeon and the operating microscope was awkward.
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ranking = 1
keywords = phacoemulsification
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