Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/705. Secondary glioblastoma remarkably reduced by steroid administration after anaplastic transformation from gliomatosis cerebri--case report.

    A 45-year-old female presented with gliomatosis cerebri manifesting as hemiballismus-like involuntary movement in the arm, motor weakness in the leg, and hypesthesia in her left side. Computed tomography showed only diffuse swelling of the right cerebral hemisphere, but T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a diffuse lesion spreading from the right thalamus to the temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes on the same side. No abnormal enhancement was recognized. cerebral angiography showed no specific finding. A right occipital lobectomy was performed to confirm the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri. Anaplastic transformation was recognized 5 months later. The disease did not resolve with radiation or interferon administration, but steroid therapy achieved remarkably effective tumor regression. The patient died due to pneumonia. autopsy showed the features of diffuse glioblastoma. Steroid therapy may be an effective treatment for gliomatosis cerebri before the terminal stage.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/705. Inflammatory pseudotumour of the liver--evidence for malignant transformation.

    A case of inflammatory pseudotumour of the liver is reported, and evidence is presented for its subsequent evolution into malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Such postulated malignant transformation challenges the assumption that hepatic inflammatory tumours are entirely benign lesions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/705. Histochemical investigation into the molecular mechanisms of malignant transformation in a benign glomus tumour.

    A glomangiosarcoma arose in a benign glomus tumour. The histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the tumour were investigated. Apoptotic cells were identified by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling (TUNEL). The proportion of apoptotic cells was found to be low and TUNEL positive nuclei were present in the benign part of the tumour. Bcl-2 protein, an inhibitor of apoptosis, was strongly expressed in the glomangiosarcoma with only weak staining in the benign area. The proliferation index of the glomangiosarcoma was almost 10-fold higher than that of the benign glomus tumour. Numerous nuclei in the glomangiosarcoma were intensely stained for the tumour suppressor protein p53. The results of the this study may contribute to an understanding of the molecular basis of malignant transformation in benign glomus tumours.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/705. Cutaneous waldenstrom macroglobulinemia in transformation.

    waldenstrom macroglobulinemia is a low-grade B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the elderly with characteristic monoclonal IgM-producing neoplastic infiltrates of the bone marrow, lymph node, and spleen. Cutaneous manifestations are usually nonspecific such as purpura, ulcers, and urticarial lesions. These lesions are caused by hyperviscosity of the blood, immune complex-mediated vascular damage, paraprotein deposition, and amyloid deposition. Specific skin lesions occur rarely and generally consist of translucent, flesh-colored papules composed of monoclonal IgM deposits. Rarely, there may be violaceous lesions composed of low-grade lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates characteristic of waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Both cutaneous manifestations of the disease, as well as disease transformation to high-grade, large cell lymphoma are rare. We report two very unusual cases of waldenstrom macroglobulinemia with documented skin disease that demonstrated transformation to high-grade lymphoma. Both patients were elderly men with long-standing waldenstrom macroglobulinemia involving the bone marrow, who subsequently developed skin involvement by the disease. waldenstrom macroglobulinemia can rarely manifest as cutaneous disease, sometimes as a high-grade transformation of low-grade waldenstrom macroglobulinemia elsewhere. Distinction of cases of transformed waldenstrom macroglobulinemia from de novo cutaneous large cell lymphoma may be important, because the two entities are likely biologically different.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.4
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/705. Identification of the t(15;17) in AML FAB types other than M3: evaluation of the role of molecular screening for the PML/RARalpha rearrangement in newly diagnosed AML. The Medical research Council (MRC) adult Leukaemia Working Party.

    Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) is characterized by the t(15;17) leading to the formation of PML-RARalpha and RARalpha-PML fusion genes; this rearrangement has been considered both diagnostic for, and restricted to, this subtype of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML FAB M3). We describe two cases of AML with the t(15;17) associated with a PML/RARalpha rearrangement which lacked typical APL morphology, classified as FAB M1 and M2 respectively. In both cases morphological review revealed small populations of cells which exhibited some features associated with APL. In the case classified as M1, PML immunofluorescence studies revealed the classic microparticulate nuclear staining pattern as observed in typical cases of APL with the t(15;17). Similarly, blasts from this case were found to be sensitive to ATRA in vitro as determined by NBT reduction test and by normalization of the PML nuclear body staining pattern. To determine the frequency of PML/RARalpha rearrangements in FAB subtypes other than M3, 530 patients from the MRC AML trials were screened using nested RT-PCR. Only one individual, initially classified as M5 with a normal karyotype, was found to have a PML/RARalpha rearrangement. The diagnosis was revised to M3 variant on subsequent morphological review. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that, in rare cases, the t(15;17) is not restricted to patients with M3 morphology as defined by current FAB criteria. Therefore, although we consider cytogenetic analysis of newly diagnosed cases of AML to be mandatory, our data suggests that routine molecular screening for PML/RARalpha rearrangements is not justified and should be reserved for those cases displaying features which may be suspicious of APL even if such cells comprise only a minority of the total population.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/705. Familial occurrence of chronic neutrophilic leukaemia.

    A father and son who both developed chronic neutrophilic leukaemia (CNL) are reported. The father, aged 63, had been exposed to radioactive fallout after the atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima; he presented with hepatosplenomegaly and neutrophilic leucocytosis, and died of intracerebral haemorrhage 1 month after diagnosis. 4 years later his son, then aged 44, presented with neutrophilic leucocytosis. Leukaemic transformation to acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML-M1) occurred, and he died of refractory leukaemia 4 months after the diagnosis of CNL. This is the first report of this rare disease occurring in family members; genetic effect due to radioactive poisoning was suspected in the development of CNL in these two cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/705. Two case studies of chronic idiopathic neutropenia preceding acute myeloid leukaemia.

    Chronic idiopathic neutropenia is regarded as a benign disorder without risk of malignant transformation. We present two patients with chronic idiopathic neutropenia who showed disease progression to acute myeloid leukaemia. sequence analysis of the granulocyte-colony stimulating factor receptor (G-CSFR) gene from leukaemic DNA did not reveal any mutations and microsatellite analysis provided no evidence of microsatellite instability or loss of constitutional heterozygosity. These case studies suggest that chronic idiopathic neutropenia may constitute a preleukaemic condition in some patients. Alterations of the G-CSFR or defective dna mismatch repair do not appear to be involved in malignant transformation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.4
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/705. Combined modality treatment for malignant transformation of a benign ovarian teratoma.

    Malignant transformation of a mature teratoma is a rare event. patients often remain free of symptoms until the tumor burden makes the prognosis poor, due to pelvic and peritoneal metastases. We present a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from a teratoma, with bowel and peritoneal invasion. The patient was treated by radical surgery followed by whole pelvic radiation and chemotherapy. This regimen, usually given for squamous cell tumors, such as cervical cancer, led to a 19-month persistent disease-free survival.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/705. A poroid neoplasia arising close to a seborrheic keratosis and a trichoepithelioma.

    A 69-year-old woman had a well-defined, slightly raised, brownish, keratotic plaque with an eccentric group of roughly circular, bluish, dome nodules on her right scapular area. Histological study revealed the presence of an eccrine poroma demonstrating features of eccrine poroma, hidroacanthoma simplex, and dermal duct tumor and arising in a lesion of seborrheic keratosis and a trichoepithelioma. In the eccrine poroma region, an area with malignant changes was evident. The findings in this case support the view of eccrine poroma as a spectrum of histological variants and the possibility of malignant transformation from a eccrine poroma towards porocarcinoma. The association with seborrheic keratosis is most probably coincidental, and the trichoepithelioma was probably due to induction of the tumoral stroma on adjacent follicular epithelia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/705. Malignant glial tumor arising from the site of a previous hamartoma/ganglioglioma: coincidence or malignant transformation?

    Gangliogliomas are generally considered benign tumors. Although more commonly found in the brain, spinal cord ganglioglioma is a well established, albeit infrequent, entity. We describe a 2-decade clinical course of a patient initially diagnosed with a thoracolumbar 'glial-neuronal hamartoma' at age 4. Seventeen years after his first operation, local recurrence was noted. Despite subsequent multiple gross total resections and adjuvant therapy, histologic features became increasingly ominous and ultimately proved fatal. This is an unusual report and histologic presentation of a resected spinal cord ganglioglioma recurring as an anaplastic ependymoma/astrocytoma and subsequently a glioblastoma. It is quite likely that the originally resected ganglioglioma was actually part of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor which had undergone extensive maturation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.8
keywords = formation
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Cell Transformation, Neoplastic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.