Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/26. Outbreak of severe neurologic involvement associated with enterovirus 71 infection.

    enterovirus 71 has been associated with several outbreaks, as well as sporadic cases, of central nervous system infection and has a worldwide distribution. Seven children with encephalitis and five with aseptic meningitis caused by enterovirus 71 were seen at Otsu Municipal Hospital during the summer of 1997. The infections were confirmed serologically, although detection of the viral genome in cerebrospinal fluid was unsuccessful. Seven children were diagnosed as having hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome, two were diagnosed as having herpangina, and three patients younger than 12 months old developed no eruptions. The skin or mucosal manifestations of this outbreak demonstrated considerable variation. The enterovirus 71 strain that caused the outbreak had a strong neurovirulent tendency. Among the patients with encephalitis, symptoms originating from the impairment of diencephalon were seen in four patients, and those originating from cerebellar impairment were seen in two patients. Brain magnetic resonance imaging in one patient revealed an abnormality in the pons. The neurologic manifestations associated with enterovirus 71 infection may be characterized by involvement of the cerebellum, brainstem, and diencephalon. enterovirus 71 is one of the pathogenic viruses that cause hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome, as well as a variety of other clinical manifestations. The most important of these is neurologic disease, especially in infants and young children.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/26. Impact of cerebrospinal fluid PCR on the management of hiv-infected patients with varicella-zoster virus infection of the central nervous system.

    Over a 2 year period, we identified five hiv-infected patients who presented with central nervous system infection caused by varicella-zoster virus, three with myelitits, and two with meningoencephalitis. All five patients were profoundly immunocompromised. Clinical presentation of these patients overlapped to a significant extent with diseases caused by other viruses, e.g. CMV. Indeed, in one case, a dual infection with CMV was diagnosed, but the respective role of each virus was ascertained by in situ hybridisation. At the time of CNS involvement, only one patient had active VZV cutaneous lesions, which were instrumental in diagnosing her condition. In contrast, PCR for VZV dna in the CSF was helpful in making a diagnosis in the four other cases, one of which was confirmed by a post mortem. Of these five patients, two patients developed VZV disease while receiving oral acyclovir and had foscarnet treatment initiated when MRI demonstrated widespread lesions. They did not respond to antiviral therapy. The three other patients had intravenous acyclovir initiated at a time when no or limited parenchymal lesions were observed by MRI. Two of these three patients had VZV infection diagnosed solely on the basis of PCR: all three responded to treatment. Our data show that reactivation of VZV involving the central nervous system occurs frequently in the absence of cutaneous lesions. PCR of cerebrospinal fluid may help in making an early diagnosis which is probably a prerequisite for successful treatment of VZV infection of the CNS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/26. mycobacterium fortuitum infection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

    mycobacterium fortuitum is one of the rapidly growing mycobacteria found in soil, dust, and water. It can be isolated as a normal colonizing organism, but as a pathogen this organism causes mainly skin and soft tissue infection preceded by trauma. A wide variety of infections can occur in individuals with predisposing conditions. central nervous system infection with M fortuitum is rare, and meningitis occurs after surgery or trauma. We believe that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infection with this organism has not been reported in the literature. Practitioners should be aware of this rare entity and should suspect it in the presence of cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis with sterile culture, and after trauma, surgery, or manipulation of the VP shunt hardware. mycobacterium fortuitum is resistant to most first-line and second-line antituberculous drugs, and treatment should include surgical debridement in addition to prolonged antimicrobial therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/26. central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis following allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

    tuberculosis is an uncommon infectious complication after stem cell transplantation. We report a patient who presented with a brain mass, 3 months after pulmonary tuberculosis had been diagnosed and while he was receiving triple antituberculous therapy. He had extensive chronic GVHD. The diagnosis was made after biopsy of the lesion. The cerebral mass was excised, antituberculous treatment was maintained and the patient made a complete neurologic recovery. Six months later, he died of gram-negative septic shock. Mycobacterial infections should be considered in allograft recipients with chronic GVHD and solid lesions in the brain. bone marrow transplantation (2000) 25, 567-569.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/26. Herpesvirus dna detection in cerebral spinal fluid: differences in clinical presentation between alpha-, beta-, and gamma-herpesviruses.

    To evaluate the role of 6 human herpesviruses (cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 and varicella zoster virus (VZV)) in infections of the nervous system, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 662 patients with suspected viral aetiology to neurological symptoms were investigated for presence of herpesviral dna in a PCR-based study. Of the 69 patients (2 patients had 2 herpesvirus dna detected in CSF) who had herpesvirus dna detected in the CSF, 60 (87%) were non-immunocompromised (CMV 7; HHV-6 6; EBV 16; HSV-1 18; HSV-2 9 and VZV 6) and 9 (13%) were immunocompromised (CMV 3; HHV-6 0; EBV 5; HSV-1 0; HSV-2 1 and VZV 0). The study was performed in a retrospective/prospective manner. The HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV and CMV dna-positive patients usually had typical clinical syndromes, such as encephalitis/myelitis and meningitis, but also other neurological conditions were associated with findings of these viruses. HHV-6 and EBV dna were detected in patients presenting with a variety of neurological symptoms, and in some of the cases, concurrent with diagnosis of other infections of the central nervous system. Despite the overall variability of clinical conditions seen, a pattern associated with each investigated herpesvirus was discernable as regards clinical presentation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/26. central nervous system candidiasis in preterm infants: limited value of biochemical markers for diagnosis.

    Two rare cases of isolated central nervous system (CNS) candidiasis in preterm infants have been diagnosed in a tertiary neonatal centre over the past 6 years. Despite the life-threatening nature of the disease, biochemical infection markers were not useful for the early identification of localized fungal infection. Because the infection was likely to have been blood borne, we postulated that the initial fungal load was probably low and that the organisms were rapidly eliminated from the circulation after a few had been deposited in the CNS. Hence, the absence of fungaemia or systemic involvement precluded the activation of cytokines and cellular markers. Clinicians should be aware of the limitation of biochemical infection markers so that diagnosis and treatment of fungal infection will not be delayed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/26. Protean infectious types and frequent association with neurosurgical procedures in adult serratia marcescens CNS infections: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    serratia marcescens is a rare pathogen of adult central nervous system (CNS) infection. We report on the clinical features and therapeutic outcomes of two adult patients with such infections. The clinical characteristics of 13 other reported adult cases are also included for analysis. The 15 cases were nine males and six females, aged 19-83 years, in whom, underlying post-neurosurgical states and ear operation were noted in 93% (14/15). fever and conscious disturbance were the most common clinical manifestations of these 15 cases, followed by hydrocephalus, seizures, and wound infections. The manifestation types were protean, including meningitis and focal suppurations such as brain abscess, cranial and spinal epidural abscess, cranial subdural abscess, and infected lumbar pseudomeningocele. One case of S. marcescens CNS infection was diagnosed postmortem; the other 14 were diagnosed by the positive culture from CSF or pus. Antibiotic therapy with or without neurosurgical intervention was the management strategy in 14/15 cases. The therapeutic results showed a high mortality rate.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/26. The usefulness of brain perfusion SPECT in an infant with focal convulsions associated with hemophilus influenzae central nervous system infection.

    Left hemiconvulsions occurred in a 13-month-old girl with Hemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae) central nervous system (CNS) infection. Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT showed a focal hyperperfusion area in the right frontal lobe. The patient recovered without complications, and follow-up SPECT revealed markedly improved findings. Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT is useful for evaluating focal convulsions associated with H. influenzae CNS infection.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/26. dengue virus infection of the central nervous system (CNS): a case report from brazil.

    Dengue infection that is accompanied by unusual complications has been described in brazil. We report on the presence of dengue virus in the central nervous system (CNS) of a patient who died in 1998 in Rio Grande do Norte, northeast brazil. DEN-2 viruses were isolated from the brain liver, and lymphnode tissue of a 67-year-old man whose signs and symptoms were those of dengue infection and a secondary immune response. A postmortem revealed nose bleeds a liver that was brownish with yellow areas, and pulmonary and cerebrae congestion. Immunoperoxidase staining showed a dengue antigen-specific positive reaction in the gray matter cells of the cerebrall cortex; a granular citoplasmatic reaction was seen in the neurons. Dengue infection should always be considered as a cause encephalitis in tropical countries, especially in those where the disease is endemic.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/26. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a pregnant woman with diabetic ketoacidosis.

    Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (RCM) is a rare but often fatal condition characterized by aggressive necrotizing infection originating from nose and spreading to paranasal sinuses, orbit and central nervous system. Although fungi and spores of mucorales show minimal intrinsic pathogenicity towards normal persons, they can initiate fulminant infections in patients with underlying debilitating conditions. A case of RCM in a pregnant woman with diabetic keto-acidosis successfully treated by supportive care, amphotericin b and surgery is reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Central Nervous System Infections'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.