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1/4. Traumatic false aneurysm of the middle meningeal artery causing an intracerebral hemorrhage: case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: Traumatic false aneurysms of the meningeal arteries are rare. We report an unusual case of an intracerebral hematoma caused by the rupture of a traumatic aneurysm of the middle meningeal artery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old woman suffered a massive spontaneous intracerebral fronto-temporal hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery. At operation, a skull fracture was discovered in the vicinity of the aneurysm. The patient died the day after surgery. CONCLUSION: Although rare, traumatic meningeal aneurysms should be considered as a possible cause of cerebral hematoma. Because of their potential morbidity and mortality, they must be detected and treated rapidly.
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ranking = 1
keywords = skull fracture, fracture, skull
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2/4. Penetrating brain injury with nasal entry by a plastic stick. Case report.

    A case of a 52-year-old male presented with an unusual penetrating brain injury with nasal entry. At admission he had erythema of periorbital soft tissue in the left eye and epistaxis. His neurological condition was lethargic (glasgow coma scale of 13) with nonfluent aphasia. Computed tomography scan revealed intracranial contusion hematoma in the left frontal lobe and fracture of the left frontal base, which were treated surgically. At the 6-month follow-up he still showed nonfluent aphasia. Disturbances, mostly cognitive, were noted on his psychological tests. A survey of the literature reveals a few cases of this nature in penetrating brain injury with nasal entry. A penetrating brain injury with nasal entry which causes nonfluent aphasia is discussing.
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ranking = 0.0073775850169658
keywords = fracture
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3/4. Fetal trauma: brain imaging in four neonates.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe brain pathology in neonates after major traffic trauma in utero during the third trimester. Our patient cohort consisted of four neonates born by emergency cesarean section after car accident in the third trimester of pregnancy. The median gestational age ( n=4) was 36 weeks (range: 30-38). Immediate post-natal and follow-up brain imaging consisted of cranial ultrasound ( n=4), computed tomography (CT) ( n=1) and post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ( n=1). pathology findings were correlated with the imaging findings ( n=3). Cranial ultrasound demonstrated a huge subarachnoidal hemorrhage ( n=1), subdural hematoma ( n=1), brain edema with inversion of the diastolic flow ( n=1) and severe ischemic changes ( n=1). In one case, CT demonstrated the presence and extension of the subarachnoidal hemorrhage, a parietal fracture and a limited intraventricular hemorrhage. Cerebellar hemorrhage and a small cerebral frontal contusion were seen on post-mortem MRI in a child with a major subarachnoidal hemorrhage on ultrasound. None of these four children survived (three children died within 2 days and one child died after 1 month). Blunt abdominal trauma during pregnancy can cause fetal cranial injury. In our cases, skull fracture, intracranial hemorrhage and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy were encountered.
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ranking = 1.007377585017
keywords = skull fracture, fracture, skull
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4/4. An unusual missile-type head injury caused by a stone: case report and medicolegal perspectives.

    Missile head injury is predominantly caused by firearms; however, small blunt objects such as a stone can be propelled into the air and cause a low-velocity-type missile injury, as described in this case report. Since the cerebral damage in low-velocity missile injuries is usually focal, there might not be disturbance of consciousness until secondary brain damage occurs; therefore, adequate medical supervision is necessary to prevent and treat potentially fatal complications in a timely manner. This is a rare case of a penetrating missile wound of the head, most likely caused by the use of a stone propelled by a slingshot that penetrated the skull and lacerated the brain with the stone embedded within the substance of the brain. The deceased died at home 2 days later from focal suppurative meningitis with cerebral abscess formation and a subdural hemorrhage.
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ranking = 0.0050389456654065
keywords = skull
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