Cases reported "Cerebral Hemorrhage"

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1/1283. Intracranial hemorrhage due to cerebral metastasis of lung cancer - a case report.

    lung cancer often metastasizes to brain. However, hemorrhage of the metastatic lesions is uncommon. We report a case of a 68-year old man with lung cancer who underwent right upper lobectomy of the lung and presented in 15 months with a cerebral hemorrhage from a metastatic lesion of the brain.
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2/1283. Intracerebral hemorrhage caused by cerebral amyloid angiopathy: a case report.

    cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) accounts for approximately 10% of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH), and typically occurs in the cortex and subcortical white matter. It is characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibrils in the leptomeningeal, cortical and subcortical arteries. Pathologically, amyloid is stained pink with congo red and shows yellow-green birefringence when viewed under polarized light. Although there have been many reports of CAA in the literature, it has rarely been described in taiwan. This is the report of a case of a 75-year-old man with ICH caused by CAA. The postoperative course was uneventful. The incidence of this disease increases with age. The authors, therefore, suggest conducting a brain biopsy and special stain for CAA in each operative case of spontaneous ICH, especially in the elderly.
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3/1283. Angiographical extravasation of contrast medium in hemorrhagic infarction. Case report.

    Leakage of the contrast medium was noted on angiograms of a patient whose autopsied brain disclosed typical pathological findings of hemorrhagic infarction. The case was a 63-year old woman with mitral valve failure, who suddenly had loss of consciousness and right-sided hemiplegia. The left carotid angiography performed six hours after onset demonstrated middle cerebral arterial axis occlusion, and the second angiography performed three days after onset displayed recanalization of the initially occluded artery as well as extravasation of the contrast medium. Fourteen days after onset the patient died and an autopsy was performed. The brain demonstrated perivascular punctate hemorrhages in the area supplied by the middle cerebral artery, and neither hematoma nor microaneurysm was disclosed pathologically. A short discussion is given on the possible relationship between recanalization and hemorrhagic infarction. The clinical assessment of hemorrhagic infarction has not been established successfully.
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4/1283. Multiple postoperative intracerebral haematomas remote from the site of craniotomy.

    A postoperative haemorrhage is a common and serious complication of a neurosurgical procedure. It usually occurs at the site of the surgery, but on occasion a postoperative haematoma is found at a distance from the previous craniotomy. Multiple postoperative haemorrhages are extremely rare. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman, operated on for the removal of a supratentorial astrocytoma, who developed in the early post-operative period multiple bilateral intracerebral haematomas without involvement of the surgical bed.
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5/1283. Fatal haemorrhagic infarct in an infant with homocystinuria.

    Thrombotic and thromboembolic complications are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with homocystinuria. However, it is unusual for thrombosis and infarction to be the presenting feature leading to investigation for homocystinuria and cerebrovascular lesions in the first year of life. We describe a previously healthy 6-month-old infant who presented with a large middle-cerebral-artery territory infarction and died of massive brain swelling. homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency was diagnosed by metabolite analysis and confirmed by enzymatic activity measurement in a postmortem liver biopsy. homocystinuria should be considered in the differential diagnosis of venous or arterial thrombosis, regardless of age, even in the absence of other common features of the disease. We recommend systematic metabolic screening for hyperhomocysteinemia in any child presenting with vascular lesions or premature thromboembolism.
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6/1283. Unidirectional dyslexia in a polyglot.

    Alexia is usually seen after ischaemic insults to the dominant parietal lobe. A patient is described with a particular alexia to reading Hebrew (right to left), whereas no alexia was noted when reading in English. This deficit evolved after a hypertensive right occipitoparietal intracerebral haemorrhage, and resolved gradually over the ensuing year as the haematoma was resorbed. The deficit suggests the existence of a separate, language associated, neuronal network within the right hemisphere important to different language reading modes.
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7/1283. noonan syndrome and cavernous hemangioma of the brain.

    We present two patients with multiple characteristics that occur in Noonan phenotype and cavernous hemangioma of the brain. The first patient, who had been diagnosed radiographically as having a cavernous hemangioma in the left basal ganglia at age 15 years, developed massive intracerebral hemorrhage, resulting in sudden death at home at 19 years. The second patient, who was diagnosed radiographically as having a cavernous hemangioma in the left parietal lobe at age 17 years, is being followed carefully (the patient is currently 18 years old). A review disclosed four cases of structural cerebrovascular abnormalities with or without subsequent hemorrhage. Neither these four patients nor our two patients had any severe anomalies in the heart or large vessels, which are frequently seen in patients with noonan syndrome. Cerebrovascular abnormalities might have a significant influence on the prognosis of patients with noonan syndrome, especially those having no severe abnormalities in the heart or large vessels.
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8/1283. Intracerebral hemorrhage caused by the rupture of a nontraumatic middle meningeal artery aneurysm. Case report and review of the literature.

    The authors report on the case of a 46-year-old man who presented with an intraparenchymal hemorrhage after the rupture of a nontraumatic aneurysm arising from the middle meningeal artery (MMA). A review of the literature revealed no published cases of intraparenchymal hemorrhage resulting from the rupture of an MMA aneurysm.
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9/1283. Thalamic hemorrhage following carotid endarterectomy-induced labile blood pressure: controlling the liability with clonidine--a case report.

    Carotid endarterectomy can lead to alterations in baroreceptor sensitivity. Impairment of this sensitivity can in turn lead to volatility of blood pressure (baroreflex failure syndrome--BFS). Rapid elevations in blood pressure can cause hypertensive encephalopathy in a patient with BFS. A patient is presented with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage associated with BFS.
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10/1283. hemangioma calcificans. Case report of an intraparenchymatous calcified vascular hematoma with epileptogenic potential.

    A middle-aged woman, with a previous history of medically suppressed absence attacks, presented with mild changes in mental status and a skull film demonstrating several areas of mottled, granular, intracranial calcifications. These lesions, although readily visible on computerized tomography, appeared avascular during the course of cerebral angiography. At the time of surgery the masses, which were densely calcified and generally circular, demonstrated numerous areas of superficial, white, verrucous excrescences. Microscopic, pathological evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of hemangioma calcificans. The literature describing this rare entity is briefly reviewed.
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