Cases reported "Cheilitis"

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1/5. Allergic contact cheilitis due to effervescent dental cleanser: combined responsibilities of the allergen persulfate and prosthesis porosity.

    A 55-year-old man with a dental prosthesis for 3 years had had a chronic relapsing cheilitis for more than 1 year. He was patch tested with the European standard series, his own topicals, and the dental cleanser at 10% pet. A relevant positive reaction was found to the cleansing agent, which contained 20% potassium persulfate. The breakdown of the test confirmed sensitivity to this agent and to ammonium persulfate, both positive ( ) at 2.5% pet. The patient was free of symptoms after he had avoided the cleanser. Subsequent chemical investigations performed with a fragment of a used dental prosthesis revealed strong adsorption of persulfate, both on the resin and on the dental tartar. Cleansing agents, adsorbed on tartar and porous resins of worn dental prostheses, should be considered as potential sensitizers and consequently patch tested on such patients with chronic cheilitis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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2/5. Crohn's disease and cheilitis.

    A five-year-old boy presented to his family physician with painless swelling of both lips. One year later he developed abdominal pain, nonbloody diarrhea, weight loss and joint pains. Colonoscopic examination demonstrated patchy erythema, friability and multiple aph-thous ulcers consistent with the appearance of Crohn's colitis, and treatment with prednisone was initiated. Colonic biopsies displayed a chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate, focal cryptitis and fissure formation. The patient's lip swelling relapsed on multiple occasions when steroids were tapered, despite minimal intestinal symptoms of Crohn's disease. The objective of the present report is to alert physicians to this unusual presentation of Crohn's disease and that cheilitis may run a protracted course.
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ranking = 0.0058515214454837
keywords = patch
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3/5. Contact stomatitis caused by toothpaste.

    A clear association between the use of cinnamaldehyde containing toothpaste and inflammation of the lips, labial mucosa, and gingivae is described in a 59-year-old man. The sensitivity reaction was verified by patch testing with cinnamaldehyde.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = patch test, patch
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4/5. Clarinettist's cheilitis.

    A 15-year-old clarinettist with a median lower lip cheilitis corresponding to the distribution of a cane reed is reported. Thorough patch testing was unsuccessful in demonstrating an allergic contact hypersensitivity. The cheilitis was probably due to irritant contact factors.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = patch test, patch
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5/5. head and neck manifestations of tumoral calcinosis.

    Intraoral facial and laryngeal features of tumoral calcinosis are reviewed in six patients of Jewish-Yemenite descent. Extraoral features included calcified masses, erythematous patches, and angular cheilitis. Oral soft tissue findings included papillary hyperplasia of the lip vermilion and velvety-red macules on the tongue, palate, and buccal mucosa. Gingival findings included advanced periodontitis and an erythematous marginal gingivitis. In all patients, orthognathic evaluation revealed a concave profile, retruded maxilla, and relative mandibular prognathism. Although previously reported clinical dental abnormalities were not present, extracted teeth demonstrated abnormal dentin. hoarseness was present in all patients and was the earliest appearing feature in two patients. The appearance of these head and neck findings preceded the classical manifestations of tumoral calcinosis and may be helpful in the early diagnosis of this entity. The varied reported features of tumoral calcinosis support the notion that this disease may present multiple formes frustes with variable clinical expressivity.
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ranking = 0.0058515214454837
keywords = patch
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