Cases reported "Chlamydia Infections"

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1/205. Chlamydia pneumoniae infection associated with multi-organ failure and fatal outcome in a previously healthy patient.

    Chlamydia pneumoniae has been associated with respiratory infections and with cardiovascular disease. We describe here a patient with multi-organ failure and fatal outcome in whom C. pneumoniae was implicated as a causative agent. Serological analysis for C. pneumoniae was done by immunofluorescence. immunohistochemistry was carried out with avidin-biotin peroxidase staining. The patient had pneumonia I month prior to death. C. pneumoniae was detected in the heart and lungs by immunohistochemistry at autopsy. The patient had an antibody pattern suggestive of current or chronic C. pneumoniae infection. Serological analysis for legionella sp., mycoplasma pneumoniae, CMV, EBV, enteroviral agents and markers for autoimmune disease were negative. The findings suggest C. pneumoniae as the aetiological agent in this case of multi-organ failure. ( info)

2/205. Prolonged respiratory failure in chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia.

    We describe a 65-year-old man, who had cardiomyopathy and developed acute respiratory failure requiring ventilator treatment. Acute pneumonia caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae was diagnosed based on PCR positivity of bronchoalveolar lavage. Gas exchange did not improve in response to appropriate antibiotic therapy, and the patient died. ( info)

3/205. Necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis in a 14-yr-old female.

    A case of a 14-yr-old female with necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis (NSG) is presented. She was referred because of chest pain and malaise, and radiography revealed multiple pulmonary nodules. Her history showed seasonal sensitization to aeroallergens and hay fever. Infectious agents or malignancies did not characterize these nodules. However, she was treated with macrolide antibiotics because of suspected infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae. Open lung biopsy showed histological findings of NSG, with epithelioid granulomatous inflammation, including giant cells, and vasculitis. No further treatment was performed, and symptoms disappeared within a few weeks. The chest radiograph showed gradual improvement. The aetiology of NSG is poorly understood, and is postulated to represent either sarcoidosis or rare forms of pulmonary vasculitis such as Wegener's granulomatosis or the churg-strauss syndrome. In the case presented, a coincidence of infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae suggests an involvement of infectious agents in the pattern of formation of immune complexes in the aetiology of NSG. ( info)

4/205. A case of chlamydia trachomatis infection in a renal allograft patient.

    We describe a renal allograft patient with a chlamydia trachomatis infection. A 43 year-old man was diagnosed with end-stage renal disease in 1985 which necessitated the transplantation of a cadaver kidney in 1986. The kidney was rejected two years later. A second transplantation was performed in 1991. At the beginning of 1998 symptoms and signs of chronic renal failure and dysuria set in. Routine microbiological studies were negative. Cell culture on McCoy cell line was positive for an active infection with C. trachomatis--initially 3 , then 2 , 1 and negative following treatment. The patient was positive on the AMPLICOR CT/NG test (Roche Diagnostic Systems, Branchburg, USA) twice with OD values OVER--above 2 at 450 nm wavelength measured on an ELISA reader. The patient received treatment with azithromycin and doxycycline for 10 days following which the serum creatinine levels fell and the creatinine clearance values improved. Dynamic microbiological follow-up showed disappearance of C. trachomatis as evidenced by the negative PCR test. We conclude that the deterioration of renal function in our patient is complex but the infection with C. trachomatis is part of the complex of the underlying chronic renal failure and immunosuppressive treatment. ( info)

5/205. How useful is the Chlamydia micro-immunofluorescence (MIF) test for the gynaecologist?

    Three patients with a chlamydial respiratory tract infection showed significant titre rises for the three chlamydial micro-immunofluorescence tests, performed with Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. psittaci and C. trachomatis. Such cross-reactions procure an inaccurate discrimination between the various Chlamydia species which remains speculative anyhow when only a positive serological profile against one chlamydial subspecies is performed. We consider that using the serologic assay as proof for past sexually transmitted C. trachomatis infection falls outside the limits of prudent interpretation of laboratory tests. ( info)

6/205. Universal prophylaxis for chlamydia trachomatis and anaerobic vaginosis in women attending for suction termination of pregnancy: an audit of short-term health gains.

    A previous study of infection and morbidity in 400 women attending for termination of pregnancy (TOP) had shown that 32 (8%) harboured cervical chlamydia trachomatis and 112 (28%) had anaerobic (bacterial) vaginosis (AV). Fifty-three per cent of the women with preoperative C. trachomatis had AV. Thirty of the 32 women with chlamydial infection were followed up and 19 (63%) of these developed post-abortion upper genital tract infection, 7 of whom needed re-admission. In view of the high morbidity in women with chlamydial infection attending for TOP, anti-bacterial prophylaxis with metronidazole suppositories and oral oxytetracycline was introduced for women attending for suction termination of pregnancy (STOP). An audit of the clinical and financial benefits and/or losses was carried out. The audit of 1951 consecutive patients attending for STOP revealed that 132 (6.8%) had chlamydial infection with equivocal results reported in a further 2 patients. One hundred and eight of the 134 women responded to recall. Full genital tract infection screening was carried out in 105 of the 108 recalled patients of whom 5 had repeat positive cervical swabs for C. trachomatis, one had trichomonas vaginalis, 24 had candidiasis and 17 had anaerobic vaginosis, none had gonorrhoea. Thirteen (12%) of the 108 women had pelvic infection as previously defined, none of whom required re-admission. At least pound sterling 20,000 has been saved each year in our trust following the introduction of pre-abortion chlamydial screening and universal antichlamydial and anti-anaerobe prophylaxis. The introduction of universal prophylaxis against C. trachomatis and AV has profoundly reduced morbidity in patients attending for TOP and has also resulted in substantial financial savings. ( info)

7/205. The presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae in atherosclerotic plaques--a report of three cases of ischaemic heart disease.

    The report presents three cases of ischaemic heart disease in which Chlamydia pneumoniae infections were detected first serologically, later the bacteria were shown in atherosclerotic plaques with electron microscopy, and finally C. pneumoniae strains were isolated from the tissues. ( info)

8/205. chlamydia trachomatis infection mimicking testicular malignancy in a young man.

    A young man with a low risk history for sexually transmitted diseases presented with an apparently longstanding, previously asymptomatic scrotal mass, highly suggestive of testicular malignancy on palpation. Ultrasound sited the lesion in the epididymis. Although there was no evidence of urethritis, chlamydia polymerase chain reaction testing was positive. Tumour markers were negative. Complete clinical and radiological response was achieved after a long course of doxycycline treatment, without surgical exploration of the scrotum, confirming the diagnosis of chlamydial epididymitis. ( info)

9/205. systemic vasculitis and atypical infections: report of two cases.

    Two cases of systemic vasculitis are described; one presenting with adult Henoch-Schonlein purpura secondary to a concomitant Chlamydia infection and the other with leucocytoclastic vasculitis and mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis secondary to a recent parvovirus B19 infection. association of chlamydial infection has not previously been described with Henoch-Schonlein purpura and this infection should, perhaps, be added to the list of aetiologies of this disease. parvovirus B19 causing significant urinary sediment abnormalities associated with mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis and leucocytoclastic vasculitis has also not been described previously. ( info)

10/205. Chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum.

    A case of chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum is presented. The importance of early diagnosis and treatment is discussed. ( info)
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