Cases reported "Chlamydiaceae Infections"

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1/3. Aerosolized prostacyclin in acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by chlamydiaceae spp. pneumonia.

    Management of respiratory failure in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) typically requires ventilatory assistance. If traditional approaches to mechanical ventilation and adjunctive measures fail to succeed in achieving adequate oxygenation, alternative measures should be considered. We describe an ARDS patient with respiratory failure caused by a severe chlamydiaceae species community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Aerosolized prostacyclin (PGI(2)) treatment was successfully instituted for refractory hypoxemia. ( info)

2/3. Clinical characteristics of the afebrile pneumonia associated with chlamydia trachomatis infection in infants less than 6 months of age.

    Respiratory tract colonization with chlamydia trachomatis commonly occurs in natally acquired chlamydial infection and is sometimes associated with a chronic, afebrile pneumonia that has relatively distinctive clinical characteristics. To further define the frequency and clinical characteristics of lower respiratory tract disease associated with C trachomatis, we grouped 56 infants aged less than 6 months with afebrile pneumonia according to nasopharyngeal shedding of Chlamydia and viruses and compared their illnesses. Forty-one (73%) were positive for C trachomatis (23 had C trachomatis only, while 18 had C trachomatis plus a virus [cytomegalovirus, respiratory synctial virus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, or enterovirus]), and 15 were C trachomatis negative (nine had a virus only, and six had neither C trachomatis nor virus). The 41 infants with C trachomatis alone or C trachomatis plus a virus were similar clinically and differed significantly from other infants in several ways: (1) onset of symptoms before 8 weeks of age; (2) gradually worsening symptoms; (3) presentation for care at 4 to 11 weeks of age; (4) presence of conjunctivitis and ear abnormalities; (5) chest roentgenograms showing bilateral, symmetrical, interstitial infiltrates and hyperexpansion; (6) peripheral blood eosinophils greater than or equal to 300/cu mm; and (7) elevated values for serum immunoglobulins M, G, and A. pediatrics 63:192--197, 1979, chlamydia trachomatis, pneumonia, afebrile pneumonia, interstitial pneumonia. ( info)

3/3. pneumonia with serological evidence of acute infection with the Chlamydia-like microorganism "Z".

    "Z" is a recently discovered microorganism that may belong to a new genus in the family chlamydiaceae. Using an ELISA test we developed, we measured levels of serum antibody against "Z" for 308 paired sera obtained from adult patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In 114 patients (37%), serological evidence of past infection with "Z" was found. In eight patients (2.6%) there was serological evidence of acute infection with this pathogen. In four of these eight patients, no other pathogen for CAP was identified despite an intensive serological investigation encompassing 13 etiological agents. The four patients were about 30 yr old, and three of them had no history of chronic illness. Their illness was characterized by high fever, a nonproductive cough, gastrointestinal symptoms, a shift to the left in the white blood cell count, and a prompt, dramatic response to erythromycin therapy. We conclude that the microorganism "Z", or a close variant, is infectious for humans, in some cases causing CAP. In these cases the disease is mild and responds quickly to treatment with erythromycin. ( info)

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