Cases reported "Chondrosarcoma"

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1/45. Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma with features of telangiectatic osteosarcoma.

    We describe a 44-year-old female with a known history of a solitary osteochondroma of the scapula followed on X-ray for five years. She then presented with a rapidly growing lump. Imaging studies confirmed the presence of an aggressive looking lesion. Excision was performed and pathology showed a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma with features of a telangiectatic osteosarcoma.
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2/45. carcinosarcoma of the liver.

    An autopsy case of carcinosarcoma of the liver in an 84-year-old man is described. The 14 x 6-cm solid tumor was located in the hilus to the left lobe and was grayish-white with some translucent areas. Histologically, the tumor consisted of an intimate mixture of adenocarcinomatous and chondrosarcomatous elements with transitional areas in between. Immunohistochemically, cells of the adenocarcinomatous elements were positive for cytokeratin but negative for S100 protein, whereas cells of the chondrosarcomatous elements showed the reverse staining pattern. cells of transitional areas were positive for both cytokeratin and S100 protein. Most previously reported cases of carcinosarcoma of the liver have involved elderly men and have had a poor prognosis. The findings of the present case support the view that carcinosarcomas represent carcinomas that develop a sarcomatous element via metaplasia of the epithelial element.
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3/45. Cutaneous metastases as initial manifestation of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma of bone. An autopsy case with review of the literature.

    Metastases of chondrosarcoma to the skin are uncommon. We report a case of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma that manifested as cutaneous metastases and had an outcome of three weeks. A 69-year-old male presented with two cutaneous nodules, one in the chest and other in the inguinal area. The punch biopsy of the latter showed a poorly differentiated mesenchymal metastatic tumor. Shortly before death, an X-ray revealed a proximal epiphyseal lesion in the right humerus, radiographically interpreted as chondrosarcoma. The autopsy showed this lesion to be a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma whose nonchondroid mesenchymal part was akin, histologically and immunohistochemically, to the cutaneous metastases. While ten previous reports of chondrosarcoma metastatic to the skin are known, we believe that this is the first case to report the cutaneous metastases of the dedifferentiated variety. Furthermore, skin metastasis preceding the diagnosis of chondrosarcoma has not been previously reported. The fact that one part of this kind of tumor can be highly undifferentiated or, else, differentiated along lines not usually reminiscent of bone tumors, can make the diagnosis of such cases extremely difficult. Most chondrosarcomas metastatic to the skin arise in bones of the extremities, including the hand. The most common type of tumor is conventional chondrosarcoma. These metastases can be either single or multiple with a slight predilection for the head and neck region. Most patients die in a mean time of 6 months after the appearance of cutaneous metastases.
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4/45. Juxtacortical osteosarcoma. A distinct malignant bone neoplasm.

    The purpose of this report is the study of a malignant bone tumor of similar histological picture with conventional (intramedullary) osteosarcoma. Contributing factors in the study of juxtacortical osteosarcoma are the clinical, X-ray and histologic pictures. A case of parosteal osteosarcoma in a 28-year-old male is reported. In conjuction with X-ray findings we review the histological characteristics of the tumor through serial sections of the peripheral, central and parosteal parts and the findings are described in detail. In addition to the histological findings, differential diagnosis and prognosis are also discussed. From the general study of the tumor it has been shown that juxtacortical osteogenic sarcoma behaves differently in contrast to classic osteosarcoma, depending on the degree of differentiation of the tumor.
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5/45. Synovial chondromatosis of the left temporomandibular joint superficially resembling chondrosarcoma: a case report.

    A 25 year-old woman was referred to the clinic complaining of pain in the left temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and trismus. According to the x-ray images, a solitary mass was observed in the anterior pouch of the lower joint cavity. The mass was removed by means of a synovectomy and a diskectomy. Upon light microscopic examination, the tissue removed showed high cellular activity. As a differential diagnosis, we had to consider the possibility of chondrosarcoma based on the histopathological features; however, since no invasive nor metastatic finding was recognized, we made a diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis despite its rare existence. Although there has been no sign of recurrence at present, we plan to carefully follow up with the patient.
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6/45. chondrosarcoma of the thoracic spine: total en bloc sagittal resection. A case report.

    Chondrosarcomas located in the spine are uncommon tumors and are challenging to manage. A case of a 65-year-old man with a T3-T4 spine chondrosarcoma is reported. The onset of symptoms consisted in progressive dorsal pain with sometimes a girdle-like radiation and, successively, in dysaesthesia and paresthesia from the lower limbs to the thoracic region. After preoperative oncologic and surgical planning the patient underwent a total en bloc resection of the mass. No postoperative adjunctive neurological deficits were recorded. An adjuvant radiation therapy with a dose of 5.500 centigrays (cGy) over four weeks was performed. At one year follow-up the patient is alive with no signs of recurrence on computed tomographic scans and magnetic resonance imaging. We discuss this case with particular emphasis on the preoperative planning, the surgical procedure and related prognosis.
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7/45. chondrosarcoma of thumb metacarpal--a case report with literature review.

    Function preserving management of a dominant thumb metacarpal chondrosarcoma is reported, with a literature review for this uncommon neoplasm. Wide local excision of the metacarpal followed by temporary silicone block interposition and definitive iliac crest bone grafting was performed. A persistent wound defect was managed by a radial artery forearm flap. The functional result was acceptable. In the literature, there were seven cases of thumb metacarpal chondrosarcoma reported; two were treated by ray amputation, and the other five were treated by excision of the metacarpal. Three of those five had bone graft and the other two had simple resection. Of these seven cases, three had local recurrence and one a distant metastasis.
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8/45. Clear cell chondrosarcoma: unusual radiologic appearances with histologic correlation.

    Clear cell chondrosarcoma is a rare variant of the bone tumors with distinct radiologic and pathologic features. In this report two cases of clear cell chondrosarcomas with atypical radiologic appearances are presented. The findings of X-ray films and MRI are described with histologic correlation. In the first case the lesion showed a very expansile and long segment involvement of the humerus. In the second case the lesion was located in the diaphysis of the femur causing a large cortical destruction.
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9/45. chondrosarcoma of the hand arising from a pre-existent benign solitary enchondroma.

    Chondrosarcomas of the hand are relatively rare. Chondrosarcomas may arise by malignant transformation of a pre-existing enchondroma, but this causal relationship has been difficult to establish in solitary enchondroma. This is a case report of a chondrosarcoma of the proximal phalanx of the right index finger in a 66-year-old woman demonstrating histologic evidence of malignant transformation of a pre-existent benign solitaary enchondroma. Careful analysis of the preoperative X-ray for punctate endosteal calcification or cortical expansion and ample histologic sampling of the endosteal component of chondrosarcomas arising from within bone may demonstrate a greater incidence of preexistent enchondroma.
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10/45. Revision hip arthroplasty in a patient with a hip rotationplasty (type B III b).

    We report for the first time a patient who underwent a revision hip arthroplasty after a hip rotationplasty (Winkelmann type B III b) because of a chondrosarcoma in 1988. The clinical symptoms and radiographic findings (X-ray, bone scintigraphy, arthrography) of the aseptic loosening of the acetabular component are presented in detail. Furthermore, we present the functional results after hip revision.
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