Cases reported "Chordoma"

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11/26. New indications for computer-assisted surgery: tumor resection in the pelvis.

    The resection of recurrent malignant pelvic tumors was supported by a commercially available navigation system in three patients. Preoperatively three-dimensional images from the pelvis were obtained by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging to identify the tumor extension. During surgery navigated tools oriented the surgeon to excise the tumor with adequate virtual margins. Navigation was helpful for tumor identification in one patient with a recurrent presacral mesenchymal chondrosarcoma. In the other two patients the tumor resection in the bone was done with three-dimensional observation of the osteotomies in the sacrum. In all three patients the histopathologic analysis confirmed that the neoplasms were excised accurately within their margins. We think that computer-assisted surgery is a potential method to increase the accuracy of tumor resections.
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12/26. chordoma of the lumbar spine: a case report.

    Chordomas are rare tumors and they may arise anywhere along the spinal column and clival bone. The vast majority of tumors are found at skull base and sacrum. Chordomas involving the lumbar spine are rare. Approximately 6% of spinal chordomas originate in the lumbar vertebrae. We report a case of this chordoma arising from the lumbar vertebra.
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13/26. Epithelioid cellular chordoma of the sacrum: a potential diagnostic problem.

    We describe a sacral chordoma composed of solid nests of epithelioid cells. The tumor originated in the presacral area. Extensive clinical workup did not reveal any other lesion in the patient. In contrast to typical chordomas, this tumor contained only rare physaliferous cells, had no myxoid stroma, and was immunohistochemically unreactive with the antibody to S-100. The diagnosis of chordoma was supported by electron microscopy, which showed that the tumor cells contained numerous mitochondria surrounded by profiles of rough endoplasmic reticulum. The abundance of mitochondria, the narrow intercellular spaces, combined with a lack of glycogen, and a lack of extracellular myxoid material accounted for the epithelioid appearance of the tumor. We report this case to point out that the cellular chordomas can appear epithelioid in the sacrum and they may resemble metastatic squamous or transitional cell carcinomas.
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keywords = sacrum
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14/26. Noninvasive sacral chordoma presenting as a benign soft tissue mass.

    In this case report, we describe a sacral chordoma, which had an atypical presentation as a mobile, encapsulated, benign soft tissue mass. The patient was asymptomatic, except for the slight enlargement of this lesion. biopsy of this mass showed a lobulated tumor with bland neoplastic cells in a rich myxoid matrix with the classical immunohistochemical profile of chordoma. Opposite to this classical histological picture of chordoma, the imaging studies (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) could not find any sacral involvement or lytic destruction. Surgical excision of this chordoma confirmed all preoperative findings and diagnoses, showing an encapsulated mass in the sacral soft tissue that has not invaded into the sacrum. This chordoma originated from the sacrococcygeal joint and grew parallel to the sacrum and below the skin. At the same time, histological sections and immunostains reconfirmed diagnosis of chordoma.
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keywords = sacrum
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15/26. Familial chordoma. A report of two cases.

    We have treated 175 patients with a chordoma over a ten-year period. Only two had a family history of the condition and we describe these in this paper. In one patient the tumour was at the craniocervical junction and in the other the lesion affected the sacrum. We have undertaken a literature review of familial chordoma and have identified chromosomal abnormalities associated with the condition.
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keywords = sacrum
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16/26. Lumbo-sacral chordoma with high-grade malignant cartilaginous and spindle cell components.

    A recurrent lumbo-sacral chordoma with high-grade cartilaginous and spindle cell components is described. The tumor was excised from a 71-year-old man who previously had a conventional chordoma resected from his sacrum 26 years earlier. The original conventional chordoma was treated postoperatively with external beam radiation therapy, and the patient was free of disease until he presented at the age of 71 with leg weakness. Computerized tomography revealed a lumbo-sacral soft tissue mass. This was excised and found to have three distinct histologic aspects. The largest component was that of a conventional chordoma. The second component consisted of islands of malignant cartilage intimately admixed with the cells of the conventional chordoma. The third component consisted of high-grade malignant, poorly differentiated spindle cells. This case suggests that chondroid chordomas do exist and that they may also occur outside of the spheno-occipital region.
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17/26. Intracranial chordoma in a preadolescent. Case report.

    Chordomas are rare tumors derived from notochord remnants occurring primarily in the sacrum, clivus, and cervical regions. Exceptionally, these tumors occur in children, though usually in the sacrum. Eight cases of clivus chordoma have been described in preteenagers. In this report, a clival chordoma with unusual radiologic features is described in an 11-year-old boy. The literature regarding this entity is reviewed.
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keywords = sacrum
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18/26. Pelvic stabilisation of a large chordoma of the sacrum. Description of a case.

    chordoma is a primary malignant bone tumour which derives form residue of the notochord. It constitutes 1.4% of all primary bone tumours, and in approximately half the cases it is localised in the sacrum. It is characterised by slow growth, but also by high local invasiveness, local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis. The literature reports many cases of chordoma of the sacrum, most of which do not extend beyond the second sacral metamere. The case presented here is a large chordoma which extended proximally as far as the 1st sacral metamere bilaterally, so that subtotal resection of the sacrum was required. There is very little data in the literature on the stability of the pelvis after such ample removal. Considering the young age of the patient we decided to stabilise the pelvis with Luque segmental instrumentation.
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keywords = sacrum
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19/26. Metastasizing chordoma in early childhood: report of a case at 1.5 T.

    We present here the first report of an extraskeletal metastasizing presacral chordoma found in a child. MRI of this large lesion showed heterogeneous signal intensity on both the SE 550/30 and on SE 2440/100 images. MRI demonstrated this mass to be separate from the sacrum and provided nonionizing cross-sectional imaging prior to attempted surgical resection.
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keywords = sacrum
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20/26. Complete removal of vertebrae for extirpation of tumors. A 20-year experience.

    Long-term results of complete removal of vertebrae with a minimum follow-up period of seven years are reported in 23 consecutive patients from March 1968 to January 1981. Seven patients were treated with vertebrectomy above the sacrum: three for a giant-cell tumor (T11, T12, and L1; T11; and L4), one for chondrosarcoma (one-half T6, T7, and one-half T8), one for chordoma (L3), one for plasmocytoma (L1), and one for a metastasis of renal carcinoma (L1). The latter two patients eventually died of generalized disease, whereas the other five patients have no evidence of tumor after seven to 20 years. In the six patients in whom the spine was reconstructed using corticocancellous iliac bone, a block-vertebra was created by the grafts and the adjacent vertebrae, allowing two women to complete one or more pregnancies successfully. Sixteen patients were treated with removal of sacral vertebrae (from one-half S3, S4, and S5 to all). None of the seven patients treated with adequate surgery for a sacral chordoma has had a local recurrence. Two women have given birth to children after sacral amputations, one performed for rhabdomyosarcoma and the other for a huge ganglioneuroma. A patient treated with a hemicorporectomy for chondrosarcoma 18 years ago has no evidence of tumor.
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