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1/1. Intratubular germ cell neoplasia of unclassified type occupying the whole testis accompanied by a small mature teratoma and metastatic choriocarcinoma and Sertoli cell-only tubules in the other testis.

    A 19-year-old man with mild mental retardation was diagnosed as having metastatic choriocarcinoma and a testicular tumor. Histopathological examination of the resected testis revealed the presence of a small lesion of mature teratoma but no trace of choriocarcinoma. The remaining seminiferous tubules were atrophic and lined by large atypical germ cells, which were diagnosed as intratubular germ cell neoplasia of the unclassified type (IGCNU). A small area with prominent tubules was also observed. Within this lesion, the tubules were dilated and contained several layers of cells with central necrosis. Immunohistological comparison of staining for several biological markers (Ki-67, c-kit and placental alkaline phosphatase) between cells in the atrophic tubules and those in the dilated tubules indicated a progression of the latter cells to cells with a more proliferative ability. In the opposite testis, examined at autopsy after death due to metastatic choriocarcinoma, all seminiferous tubules were lined by sertoli cells only. It was therefore assumed that the germ cell tumor of the combined histological type had primarily arisen in the background of IGCNU, and that choriocarcinoma had spontaneously regressed. The early onset of these testicular neoplastic lesions strongly indicates their occurrence under the genetic background of gonadal dysplasia, the sertoli cell-only syndrome. The possible relation of gonadal disease to mental retardation in this patient is also discussed.
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