Cases reported "Choristoma"

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21/108. Annular pancreas in adults: embryological development, morphology and clinical significance.

    Three cases (two male, one female) of annular pancreas are presented, which were found and operated on within the last three decades. Diagnosis was made using imaging techniques, especially ultrasonography and computed tomography. In two cases there was incomplete obstruction, while in the other obstruction was complete. It is characteristic that in the case of complete obstruction the annular portion of the pancreas attached to a circular band of connective tissue, while in the two cases of incomplete obstruction there was a complete ring of pancreatic tissue. In all cases surgical intervention was needed in order to create a bypass. In the first case gastroenterostomy and truncal vagotomy was performed, in the second latero-lateral duodeno-jejunostomy and in the third latero-lateral antropyloroduodeno-jejunostomy. The embryology and morphology of the annular pancreas, the morphology of its duct system, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and the surgical treatment of this rare condition are reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = obstruction
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22/108. Massive bleeding from an ectopic lingual thyroid follicular adenoma during pregnancy.

    Ectopic thyroid is a rare developmental anomaly. It can be found anywhere between the foramen cecum and the normal position of the thyroid gland. Massive bleeding from an ectopic lingual thyroid is unusual and occasionally fatal. We present a case of a 22-year-old woman who had a large mass at the base of the tongue for over 6 years. In the sixth month of pregnancy, the patient experienced massive bleeding from the tongue base mass. A thyroid scan revealed that this mass was the only functioning thyroid tissue. Because of massive bleeding and her shock status, the patient received an emergent embolization of the bilateral lingual arteries. Then the huge lingual thyroid was subsequently excised via a mandible swing approach to prevent further episodes of bleeding. pathology analysis indicated ectopic thyroid tissue with follicular adenoma. She delivered without complications in the 36th week and had a normal baby. This case was a very rare one in our review. Although ectopic lingual thyroid usually is not managed surgically, excision of ectopic lingual thyroid can be life-saving when it is causing bleeding or airway obstruction.
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ranking = 1.777035079415
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
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23/108. Gross deciduosis peritonei obstructing labor: a case report and review of the literature.

    Gross deciduosis peritonei is a rare lesion characterized by the presence of grossly visible peritoneal decidual tissue in pregnant women; we present the clinicopathologic features of one such case. A 24-year-old, G4P1A2, Hispanic female underwent cesarean section at 39 weeks' gestation for dystocia related to pelvic masses. Multiple, light tan peritoneal masses involved the cul-de-sac, both ovaries, pelvic wall, omentum, and the large and small bowel. The intraoperative appearance suggested peritoneal carcinomatosis. A right ovarian mass was excised and biopsies were obtained from other sites. Microscopic examination showed the typical features of decidua in all of the lesions. Two weeks postoperatively, the patient was admitted with nausea and vomiting suggestive of a small bowel obstruction, which resolved after 2 days of medical treatment. After a postpartum visit at 5 weeks, the patient was lost to follow-up.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
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24/108. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a thoracic kidney treated by dismembered pyeloplasty.

    Ectopic positioning of the kidney is a relatively common event, with the thoracic location of the ectopic kidney the most unusual. At least 140 cases of thoracic kidney have been described, with no consistent anomalies reported in association with the superior location. The vast majority of patients with thoracic kidney are asymptomatic, with the problem discovered incidentally. We report the first documented case of a thoracic kidney presenting with flank pain and demonstrating ureteropelvic junction obstruction on nuclear scintigraphy treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty through a supra-11th rib incision.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = obstruction
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25/108. Obstructing gastric heterotopic pancreas: case report and literature review.

    Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is generally an asymptomatic lesion and is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction. We report such a case in which both upper gastrointestinal series and abdominal computerized tomography (CT) demonstrated an antral mass; surgical and histological results are also reported.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
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26/108. Ectopic pancreas with gastric outlet obstruction: report of two cases and literature review.

    Ectopic pancreas is a rare entity and is usually an incidental finding in clinical practice. Most patients with an ectopic pancreas are asymptomatic, and if present, symptoms are non-specific according to the site of the lesion and different complications encountered. The most-common site is the stomach, accounting for 25%-38.2% of all patients. An asymptomatic ectopic pancreas is usually of no clinical importance, and there is no surgical indication in such a situation. However if there are complications caused by an ectopic pancreas, a variety of actions becomes necessary. We report 2 cases of ectopic pancreas with gastric outlet obstruction. The first case was a 41-year-old man who suffered from epigastric fullness and dyspepsia for 3 years. Endoscopic examination revealed a submucosal tumor measuring 2.5 cm in diameter in the prepyloric area. The second case was a 53-year-old man, who initially underwent a craniotomy to remove a pituitary adenoma, and laparotomy and duodenorrhaphy due to a perforated peptic ulcer. The postoperative course was not uneventful, and an upper gastrointestinal series showed a 2-cm intramural mass with a mucosal ulcer at the distal antrum. Both cases had symptoms and signs of gastric outlet obstruction, and both cases accepted subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth II anastomosis. A review of the literature revealed few cases of ectopic pancreas with gastric outlet obstruction. An ectopic pancreas must be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastric outlet obstruction.
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ranking = 2
keywords = obstruction
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27/108. adenocarcinoma arising from an ectopic pancreas in the stomach.

    Ectopic pancreas is rare, being found in between 0.6 % and 15 % at autopsy. Heterotopic pancreas is usually an asymptomatic condition which is found incidentally at surgery or at autopsy. Occasionally, significant symptoms arise from complications, such as recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding, biliary or intestinal obstruction, or malignant degeneration. Malignant change is very rare. We report a case of malignant change (adenocarcinoma) in an ectopic pancreas in the stomach. In the literature, there are eight reported cases of malignant change in ectopic gastric pancreas. The prognosis in the other reported cases is unknown, but in our patient, the tumor was confined to the muscle of the stomach and there was no lymph node invasion.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
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28/108. Aberrant right subclavian artery syndrome: a case of chronic cough.

    A young, otherwise healthy man had chronic cough of 16 months' duration. Evaluation revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery. Kommerell's diverticulum without aneurysmal degeneration was present. Imaging studies showed compression of the esophagus but not the trachea. Results of methacholine challenge test were negative for evidence of reactive airway disease, but suggested mild variable intrathoracic obstruction. While aberrant right subclavian artery syndrome most commonly involves dysphagia, our patient's only symptom was cough. Right subclavian artery to right common carotid artery transposition was performed, with oversewing of the subclavian artery stump to the left of the esophagus through a right supraclavicular incision. This treatment was curative, with complete resolution of symptoms.
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ranking = 0.28936409183376
keywords = obstruction, airway
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29/108. Sublingual gastric duplication cyst causing respiratory obstruction: case report.

    A four-month old girl presented with difficulty in feeding and respiratory obstructrion from a sublingual cyst. Respiratory obstruction was relieved by needle aspiration of the cyst, followed 14 days later by complete excision. histology of the cyst wall confirmed it to be a gastric duplication cyst. Though the gastric mucosa has a high propensity to deviate to ectopic sites, sublingual location is uncommon. The treatment of such cysts is preferably complete excision. However, when the cyst wall is closely associated with vital structures, cyst mucosectomy or partial excision with stripping of the mucosa of the residual part may suffice.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = obstruction
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30/108. A case of proximal jejunal ectopic pancreas causing sporadic vomiting.

    Aberrant rests of pancreatic tissue can be found throughout the gastrointestinal system and are known as pancreatic heterotopia or ectopic pancreas (EP). Authors report a 12-year-old girl with jejunal EP with a long-lasting history of sporadic bilious vomiting. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) study showed delayed passage beyond duodeno-jejunal junction. During laparotomy a 2x2 cm mass was encountered on the mesenteric border of the jejunum, 3 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz. Histopathologic examination revealed pancreatic tissue. The mass was excised and end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Postoperative course of the patient was uneventful and she is doing well after 10 months. intestinal obstruction due to EP has been reported to occur only if it causes intussusception. intestinal obstruction without intussusception due to jejunal EP has not been reported. In our case, the EP tissue was located just beneath the mucosa and involved the muscular layer. The foreign body effect of the EP tissue involving the muscular layer may cause dysmotility and/or local spasm, which we think were responsible for the long-lasting sporadic bilious vomiting in our patient.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = obstruction
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