Cases reported "Choristoma"

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1/408. Ectopic submandibular thyroid tissue.

    We reported a case of a 66 year-old male patient with a mass located in the right submandibular region. Surgical excision of the mass was performed and histologic examination revealed that the tumor was ectopic thyroid tissue. Additionally, imaging studies confirmed that the thyroid gland was found in its normal location and the patient had normal thyroid function testing. In reviewing the literature, we found submandibular thyroid tissue to be a rare entity with only 4 cases described. We discussed embryologic development of the normal thyroid gland and some explanations as to the origins of several forms of ectopic thyroid tissue, including that found in the submandibular region.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gland, submandibular
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2/408. Lingual ectopia of the thyroid gland and autotransplantation.

    A case of lingual ectopia of the thyroid gland in an adult patient is presented. The management by total excision and autotransplantation of the thyroid is described with a brief review of literature.
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ranking = 0.63819649109694
keywords = gland
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3/408. Primary breast carcinoma of the vulva: a case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: In 1872, Hartung was the first to describe the case of a fully formed mammary gland arising in the left labium majora of a 30-year-old woman. Since Hartung's initial report, 38 additional cases of ectopic vulvar breast tissue have been described. This case report describes the rare occurrence of primary mammary adenocarcinoma arising within the vulva. CASE: A 64-year-old G4P4 white female presented with a 4-year history of a 2 x 1 cm firm, indurated, raised lesion of the left lateral mons. A wide local excision with ipsilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy was performed. Given histological findings characteristic of both invasive ductal carcinoma and invasive lobular carcinoma, in conjunction with the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors within the tumor, a diagnosis of infiltrating adenocarcinoma arising within ectopic breast tissue was made. CONCLUSIONS: Thirty-nine reported cases of ectopic breast tissue arising within the vulva have been reported in the world literature. Though the diagnosis of primary breast carcinoma arising within the vulva is based primarily upon histologic pattern, estrogen and progesterone receptor positivity provide supporting evidence. Given the rarity of this condition, guidelines for therapy are unavailable; we therefore suggest looking to the current management of breast cancer in order to establish a sensible approach.
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ranking = 0.12763929821939
keywords = gland
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4/408. Salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible: report of a case with immunohistochemical studies.

    Salivary duct carcinoma is rare. We describe a 56-year-old man who developed salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible 10 years after removal of the right second and third molars. The tumour originated in the retromolar gland or the ectopic minor salivary gland in the mandible. The panoramic radiograph showed a radiolucent, poorly circumscribed area about 40 x 30 mm in size and distal to the lower right first molar. This tooth, together with all neoplastic tissue, was removed, and histopathological examination showed it to be a salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible. On immunohistochemical staining, keratin antibodies stained the ductal structure, 1A4 antibody stained myoepithelial cells, but S-100 protein and vimentin were not seen. The patient was well and with no sign with recurrence 6 years postoperatively.
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ranking = 0.25527859643878
keywords = gland
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5/408. Follicular carcinoma in ectopic thyroid gland. A case report.

    Ectopic thyroid rest can be seen anywhere along the path of descent of the gland. The most ectopic thyroid tissue is a thyroglossal duct cyst associated with normal thyroid gland. Sublingual location is less common than a lingual ectopia. True malignant transformation in ectopic thyroid tissue is extremely rare. Such a malignancy is virtually always diagnosed only after surgical excision of the lesion at pathological examination. This report discusses a case of ectopic thyroid follicular carcinoma in the right submandibular region in the absence of orthotopic thyroid, discovered by chance after the surgical excision performed for a preoperative ultrasonically and cytologically misdiagnosed submandibular gland adenocystic carcinoma. The possible aetiology of such an unusual anatomical relationship is discussed as well as the importance of thyroid scanning, ultrasound and/or CT in neck lumps.
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ranking = 1.1601101292566
keywords = gland, submandibular, submandibular gland
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6/408. Ectopic thyroid in the abdomen: report of a case.

    Ectopic thyroid tissue can be seen anywhere along the path of the descending glands, but it is rarely seen in the abdominal cavity. An ectopic thyroid was encountered incidentally in the pancreas of a 50-year-old woman who underwent a bilateral truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty for a duodenal ulcer. There were no signs or symptoms of a thyroid tumor.
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ranking = 0.12763929821939
keywords = gland
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7/408. Ectopic breast tissue and breast-like sweat gland metaplasias: an overlapping spectrum of lesions.

    There are many similarities in the morphology of benign and malignant lesions of the sweat glands and the breasts. The recently described cutaneous mammary-like sweat glands, also known as mixed sweat glands or apoeccrine glands, are also a likely source of selected proliferations that closely mimic those of the breast. We present three cases of breast-like lesions arising in the skin that demonstrate the ways in which the morphologic and pathologic continuum of the mammary glands, cutaneous mammary-like glands, and sweat glands can produce difficulties in precise diagnosis. The examples demonstrate that an anatomic location outside the milk line does not preclude the diagnosis of ectopic mammary tissue, and that lesions closely resembling those of the breast may also arise outside the milk line from conventional sweat glands or mixed sweat glands. The concept of homologous lesions of the breast, breast-like glands and sweat glands, in which morphology is partially mirrored by biochemical similarities, provides a perspective for classification of problematic cases of breast-like cutaneous lesions.
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ranking = 1.9145894732908
keywords = gland
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8/408. Unusual choristoma of the parotid gland in a girl. A possible trichoadenoma.

    An 8-year-old girl had a painless circumscribed nodule in the right parotid gland for 4 weeks. A tumour (1.3 cm diameter) within the salivary gland parenchyma showed small cystic spaces with horn-like material macroscopically. The tumour tissue contained solid squamous cell formations and cystic spaces limited by multilayered squamous epithelium and covered by layers of ortho- and parakeratotic cells. The cystic spaces contained keratotic lamellae. In some areas pin-like epithelial proliferations were seen. All epithelial cells were characterized by uniform nuclei, and no atypical mitoses were seen. Keratinizated masses with partial calcification were occasionally located in the interstitial tissue and replaced by multinucleated giant cells. The tumour was classified as a choristoma and resembled a trichoadenoma. The ectodermally derived oral and salivary gland epithelium may be the source of skin-like or adnexal tumours.
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ranking = 0.89347508753572
keywords = gland
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9/408. lingual thyroid gland: clinical evaluation and comprehensive management.

    Although lingual thyroid gland is the most common benign mass found at the junction of the anterior two-thirds and the posterior one-third of the tongue, it is still a rare clinical entity. This developmental anomaly is the result of an arrested descent of the gland anlage early in the course of embryogenesis. patients may have symptoms of dysphagia due to obstruction or even hemorrhage. These symptoms can occur at any time from infancy through adulthood. The clinical findings, laboratory tests, and radiographic imaging studies employed in confirming the diagnosis and in planning appropriate treatment have been evaluated. The primary therapeutic goal is to restore thyroid function. We describe a case of lingual thyroid gland and summarize the current management principles for this condition.
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ranking = 0.89347508753572
keywords = gland
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10/408. Familial occurrence of congenital hypothyroidism due to lingual thyroid gland.

    Two sisters who presented with midline neck masses proved to be biochemically hypothyroid. Thyroid scintigraphy supplemented with perchlorate discharge testing showed lingual thyroid glands and ruled out the expected autosomal recessive organification defect. The related literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 0.63819649109694
keywords = gland
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