Cases reported "Choroid Plexus Neoplasms"

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1/63. Imaging features of intraventricular melanoma.

    We present the MR imaging findings in a patient with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and a mass in the left lateral ventricle. The mass showed increased signal intensity on T1-weighted images and low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. The histologic diagnosis was that of melanoma, and detailed physical and funduscopic examinations disclosed no evidence of a primary lesion. We believe that the mass was a primary intraventricular melanoma, possibly arising from the choroid plexus, and we discuss the mechanisms that may be responsible for its occurrence in this location.
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2/63. Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle: confirmatory report of a new entity.

    The term "chordoid glioma" was recently introduced to denote a circumscribed, apparently low-grade neoplasm arising in or preferentially involving the third ventricle of middle-aged women. We report biopsy and postmortem findings in a 60-year-old woman with symptoms of forgetfulness, headache, and lethargy. neuroimaging showed a contrast-enhancing third ventricular mass with obstructive hydrocephalus. The tumor was subtotally resected. Microscopically, it consisted of clusters and strands of epithelioid cells in a mucoid matrix. Its margins were remarkably discrete and showed little tendency to infiltrate surrounding brain parenchyma. The majority of neoplastic cells were glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin positive, whereas S100 protein labeled only individual cells. Stains for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and cytokeratin were nonreactive. There was no evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation or expression of estrogen and progesteron receptors. Lymphoplasmacellular infiltrates were noted throughout the lesion and at the tumor-brain interface. The MIB-1 labeling index averaged 1.5%. At present, chordoid glioma is considered a glial neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis with distinct clinicopathologic features.
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3/63. Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle: immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characterization of a novel tumor entity.

    Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle was recently reported as a novel tumor entity of the central nervous system with characteristic clinical and histopathological features (Brat et al., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 57: 283-290, 1998). Here, we report on a histopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis of five cases of this rare neoplasm. All tumors were immunohistochemically investigated for the expression of various differentiation antigens, the proliferation marker Ki-67, and a panel of selected proto-oncogene and tumor suppressor gene products. These studies revealed a strong expression of GFAP, vimentin, and CD34. In addition, most tumors contained small fractions of neoplastic cells immunoreactive for epithelial membrane antigen, S-100 protein, or cytokeratins. The percentage of Ki-67 positive cells was generally low (<5%). All tumors showed immunoreactivity for the epidermal growth factor receptor and schwannomin/merlin. There was no nuclear accumulation of the p53, p21 (Waf-1) and Mdm2 proteins. To examine genomic alterations associated with the development of chordoid gliomas, we screened 4 tumors by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis. No chromosomal imbalances were detected. More focussed molecular genetic analyses revealed neither aberrations of the TP53 and CDKN2A tumor suppressor genes nor amplification of the EGFR, CDK4, and MDM2 proto-oncogenes. Our data strongly support the hypothesis that chordoid glioma of the third ventricle constitutes a novel tumor entity characterized by distinct morphological and immunohistochemical features, as well as a lack of chromosomal and genetic alterations commonly found in other types of gliomas or in meningiomas.
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4/63. A case of subcortical meningioma.

    Subcortical meningioma, which has been reported as meningioma without dural attachment, a cerebral subcortical lesion, is extremely rare. Very few findings of radiological examination of subcortical meningioma have been described. Pre-operative differentiation of this lesion is generally difficult. We characterize the peritum oural oedema adjacent to the meningioma in this region, and we suggest that radiological findings of peritum oural oedema contribute to differential diagnosis of subcortical meningiomas.
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keywords = cerebral
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5/63. choroid plexus metastasis from carcinoma of the bladder: case report and review of the literature.

    We present here a case report of a 40-year old male with adenocarcinoma of the bladder and solitary metastasis to the choroid plexus of the right lateral ventricle. This is the first such report of such a metastasis in association with bladder carcinoma. Systemic metastases frequently occur in patients with carcinoma of the bladder but involvement of central nervous system is relatively uncommon: less than 1% of patients with carcinoma of the bladder present an intracerebral metastasis. In the majority of cases there are either multiple CNS metastases or other distant metastases. A few cases present with solitary metastases to the CNS without evidence of recurrent or disseminated disease.
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ranking = 1.0007908928439
keywords = ventricle, cerebral
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6/63. Primary choroid plexus carcinoma producing carbohydrate antigen 19-9.

    An autopsy case of primary choroid plexus adenocarcinoma arising in a 40-year-old female, who was associated with a high serum level of a carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), is herein presented. After a subtotal removal of a tumor in the left lateral ventricle, the serum level of CA19-9 decreased rapidly, and immunohistochemical examinations of tumor tissue specimens obtained at surgery revealed intense reactivity for CA19-9. The present case may be the first example in which a primary choroid plexus carcinoma was shown to produce CA19-9.
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7/63. Chordoid glioma: a novel tumor of the third ventricle.

    Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle is a recently characterized primary neoplasm of the central nervous system. We present a case and discuss the pathologic and radiologic features. We are aware of only 16 other cases documented in the world literature. This radiologic-pathologic correlation alerts pathologists and radiologists to recognize chordoid glioma as a distinct clinicopathologic entity restricted to the third ventricular area of adult patients.
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8/63. Evidence of therapeutic efficacy of CCNU in recurrent choroid plexus papilloma.

    A pregnant 33-year old woman developed nystagmus and cerebellar ataxia. A tumor in the roof of the fourth ventricle was diagnosed. The tumor was subtotally removed using microneurosurgical techniques. The histopathological diagnosis was choroid plexus papilloma (CPP). Twenty-one months later, the tumor recurred and was reoperated. Histologically the tumor displayed now increased mitotic activity and pleomorphism. radiation therapy of the neuroaxis was performed. Within 59 months, the CPP recurred 3 more times with neuroradiological evidence of extensive spinal seeding. After several palliative irradiations, including 2 gamma-knife boosts, the patient was referred to chemotherapy. She was treated with CCNU (Lomustin) 100 mg/m2 orally (12 cycles, cumulative dosis 1440 mg/m2). Within 42 months, there was no new local recurrence and spinal seeding showed significant regression. Clinically the patient improved and stabilized, but needs continuous support because of persisting severe gait ataxia. The course of disease in our patient provides evidence for therapeutic efficacy of CCNU in recurrent CPP.
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9/63. Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle: an ultrastructural study of three cases with a histogenetic hypothesis.

    Chordoid glioma is a rare neoplasm occurring in the third ventricle and, as the name implies, having a chordoid appearance. It is currently considered a glial neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis with distinct clinicopathologic features. We report three cases of chordoid glioma with a focus on the ultrastructural appearance. The patients were two men and one woman aged, respectively, 34, 40, and 43 years. Immunohistochemically, all tumors showed strong and diffuse reactivity for glial fibrillary acidic protein and vimentin, whereas immunoreactivity for epithelial membrane antigen and cytokeratin was focal. Ultrastructurally, they showed features of ependymal differentiation for the presence of an apical pole with microvilli and a basal pole characterized, as in normal ependyma, by many hemidesmosomelike structures connecting cell membranes to the underlying basal lamina. Constant features were a submicroscopic cell body zonation (i.e., perinuclear, intermediate, subapical, and apical regions) and the presence of secretory granules. These findings were similar to those described for the secretory ependymal cells of the subcommissural organ, a small structure located in a dorsocaudal region of the third ventricle that undergoes regression after birth in humans. Our observations suggest that chordoid glioma may represent a subtype of ependymoma whose cells resemble the highly specialized ependyma of the subcommissural organ.
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10/63. meningioma of the fourth ventricle presenting with intermittent behaviour disorders: a case report and review of the literature.

    Intraventricular meningiomas are rare, representing 0.5-5% of all intracranial meningiomas. They arise mostly within the lateral ventricles and more rarely in the third ventricle. Meningiomas of the fourth ventricle are exceptional. They are clearly defined as meningiomas arising from the choroid plexus and lying strictly within the fourth ventricle. We report a 76 year old male patient presenting with a 2-week history of headache and cognitive disorders with agitation and restlessness particularly exacerbated at night or when lying down. CT scan and MR imaging showed a contrast-enhancing lesion located purely within the whole fourth ventricle, with slight ventricular enlargement. At surgery, we totally removed a well-vascularised, greyish encapsulated mass attached to the choroid plexus. Pathological examination revealed a WHO grade I fibroblastic meningioma. We reviewed the literature concerning this unusual meningioma location.
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ranking = 9
keywords = ventricle
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