Cases reported "Chromosome Deletion"

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1/172. Severe mental retardation in a boy with partial trisomy 10q and partial monosomy 2q.

    A severely mentally subnormal child with many physical stigmata was shown to have the karyotype 46,XY,-2, der(2),t(2;10)(q31;q24)pat. Full evaluation of this patient's karyotype depended on the family studies. It was shown that a balanced translocation t(2,10) was present in 4 normal males in 3 generations.
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ranking = 1
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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2/172. Partial trisomy D: a diagnostic and cytogenetic dilemma.

    An 18-month-old proposita with psychomotor retardation and other congenital abnormalities is presented. Chromosomal analysis of both parents proved normal. However, the karyotype of the proposita contained 47 chromosomes in both lymphocytes and cultured fibroblasts. The marker chromosome proved to be a deleted No. 14 or 15. Comparison of the reported cases of partial trisomy D indicates that a definitive clinical syndrome is not apparent in either case.
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ranking = 0.4435875664195
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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3/172. Specific cutaneous lesions of the scalp in myelodysplastic syndrome with deletion of 20q.

    We reported a specific skin lesion on the scalp in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), treated as refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB). Histologically, a specimen from a nodule of the scalp consisted of a diffuse infiltration of atypical cells in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The patient died of acute leukemia 3 months later. Chromosomal examination of bone marrow cells revealed deletion of 20q and 21 trisomy. The specific cutaneous lesions in this patient were associated with acute transformation. The deletion of 20q and specific cutaneous lesions are regarded as signs of poor prognosis.
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ranking = 0.048396891604874
keywords = trisomy
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4/172. A 3p deletion syndrome in a child with both del(3)(p25-->pter) and dup(17)(q23-->qter).

    A child with monosomy for the distal part of the short arm of chromosome 3 (3p25-->pter) and trisomy for the terminal portion of the long arm of chromosome 17 (17q23-->qter) is presented. This unbalanced karyotype was derived from a balanced reciprocal 3p/17q translocation in the phenotypically normal mother. Main clinical features in the proband included growth and mental retardation, hypotonia, hirsutism, micro/brachycephaly, triangular face, synophris, broad and full nose, long philtrum, narrow upper lip, low set, posteriorly turned ears, anteriorly placed anus and congenital heart defect (tetralogy of fallot). Most of these clinical manifestations have been constantly reported in previous cases with terminal 3p deletion.
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ranking = 0.048396891604874
keywords = trisomy
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5/172. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and neuroendocrine cancer.

    We report a unique association between neuroendocrine cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) in a 63-year-old man. Neuroendocrine cancer was resistant to various conventional treatments and following locoregional progression we treated the patient with hypoxic pelvic perfusion of cisplatin 100 mg/m2 plus mitomycin 40 mg/m2, using the stopflow method, for three cycles: a dramatic and surprising reduction of > 75% in the evaluable lesions was observed. The cumulative effect of treatment produced a complete response from CLL. At cytogenetic examination the neuroendocrine cells were diploid, whereas CLL cells showed trisomy 12. Moreover, deletion of the short arm of chromosome 3 was found in both neoplastic populations. Whether the abnormality seen on chromosome 3 in the two diseases represents a critical event is not known.
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ranking = 0.048396891604874
keywords = trisomy
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6/172. Molecular cytogenetic analysis and clinical findings in a newborn with prenatally diagnosed rec(7)dup(7q)inv(7)(p22q31.3)pat.

    We report prenatal and early postnatal findings in a newborn with a partial trisomy of chromosome 7 (7q31.3-qter), arising from meiotic recombination of a paternal pericentric inversion, inv(7)(p22q31.3). The inversion breakpoints were localized and the regions of duplication and deletion were defined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using a series of locus-specific and subtelomeric probes. To our knowledge, only three cases involving a recombinant 7 with duplication of 7q have been reported, two of these being first cousins. The clinical findings in our patient included skeletal abnormalities, facial dysmorphism, dilated cerebral ventricles, microretrognathia and short neck. These findings and some aspects of the neonatal course were consistent with the phenotype previously reported for duplication of distal 7q, without associated monosomy for sequences from another chromosome.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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7/172. 46,XX,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter-->2q37::10p13-->10pter)[127]/45,X,der(2)t(2;10) (2pter-->2q37::10p13-->10pter)[23]. karyotype-phenotype correlation and genetic counselling in complex karyotypes.

    We describe a female child with complex cytogenetic anomalies consisting in partial trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 10, terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 2 and--at the same time--a mosaicism for X monosomy. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in which 10p trisomy is associated to a 2qter deletion. Due to the scarcity of cases reported with pure trisomy, it has not been possible to define the 10p syndrome precisely yet. Comparison of our proband's phenotype to both the 2q37 deletion and 10p trisomy showed more features described in 2q37- subjects than in 10p ones. We also discuss the difficulties of genetic counseling in children with complex aberrations.
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ranking = 0.39519067481462
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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8/172. The 9p- syndrome.

    Six patients (4 females and 2 males) with terminal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 9 distal to band p22 are described. The disorder constitutes a clinically identifiable syndrome consisting of mental retardation, sociable personality, trigonocephaly, mongoloid eyes, wide flat nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils, long upper lip, short neck, long digits mostly secondary to long middle phalanges, and predominance of whorls on fingers. The findings suggest that the clinical features are antithetical to the trisomy 9p syndrome. The deleted chromosome segment is relatively small and could be easily overlooked. It is hoped that this delineation of clinical features seen in 9,p- patients may help in focusing attention on the small deletion.
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ranking = 0.048396891604874
keywords = trisomy
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9/172. Mild phenotype in two siblings with distal monosomy 12p13.31-->pter.

    We report two sibs with trisomy for the region 2p25.1--> pter and monosomy for the region 12p13.31--> pter, due to adjacent-1 segregation of a maternal balanced reciprocal translocation, 46,XX,t(2;12)(p25.1;p13.31). These sibs presented with a mild phenotype, but nevertheless showed features of each of the contributing aneusomies. monosomy 12p has previously been considered to have a variable and indistinct phenotype. Comparison of these patients with previous reports showed that many features, including microcephaly, facial dysmorphia, developmental and growth delay and dental and digital anomalies are frequently associated with monosomy for 12p. Many of these features are common to other aneusomies, thereby mitigating against a distinct 12p monosomy syndrome at this time. However, the combination of digital and dental anomalies may suggest the presence of this particular monosomy. The proband and his sister had some of the more non-specific features of 2p trisomy syndrome, and comparison with previous reports suggested that the characteristic 2p trisomy syndrome is more usually associated with larger or more proximal trisomies of 2p.
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ranking = 0.14519067481462
keywords = trisomy
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10/172. Wolf-Hirschorn syndrome resulting from partial monosomy 4p/trisomy 9p.

    An infant girl was referred for a genetic consultation because of facial appearance suggestive of Wolf-Hirschorn syndrome (WHS), growth retardation and generalized hypotonia. She had an unbalanced karyotype 46,XX,der(4)t(4;9)(p15.2;p22)mat resulting in the deletion of the critical region for WHS and duplication of the critical region for the 9p duplication syndrome. The mother and the grandmother of proposita were the carriers of an apparently balanced translocation 46,XX,t(4;9)(p15.2;p22). The infant's phenotype was characteristic of WHS syndrome rather than that of duplication 9p phenotype. This is probably the first description of WHS phenotype resulting from a familial 4;9 translocation.
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ranking = 0.1935875664195
keywords = trisomy
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