Cases reported "Chromosome Deletion"

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11/172. Familial cryptic translocation with del 4q34-->qter and dup 12pter-->p13 in sibs with tracheal stenosis: clinical, classical and molecular cytogenetic studies and CGH analyses from archival placental tissues evidencing tertiary trisomy 4 in one abortion specimen.

    We report on two retarded half-sibs of different sex and seemingly normal karyotype who had the same syndrome of minor anomalies, heart defect and a distal tracheal stenosis, and who shared a healthy mother. These findings raised suspicions of a cryptic chromosome translocation. A translocation t(4;12)(q34;p13), balanced in the mother and unbalanced in the sibs with loss of terminal 4q and gain of terminal 12p regions, was verified by FISH using whole chromosome painting, subtelomeric and YAC probes. Clinical features could be explained by partial monosomy 4q and partial trisomy 12p. tracheal stenosis was interpreted as a consequence of the same developmental disturbance leading to esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula. It was attributed to the 4q deletion in which esophageal atresia as also respiratory difficulties and airway obstructions had been described. paraffin-embedded placental tissues were available from three of the five abortions of the mother allowing DNA extraction and comparative genome hybridization (CGH). Two of the abortion specimens had the same der(4)t(4;12)(q34;p13) unbalanced translocation as identified in the sibs. In the third abortion specimen, suspicious of triploidy because of partial hydatidiform mole, CGH uncovered a tertiary trisomy 4 resulting from a 3:1 segregation of the translocation chromosomes and their homologs during maternal meiosis I. Differences in CGH results using DNA generated directly or after DOP-PCR were explained by dna fragmentation in paraffin-embedded tissues and unequal amplification. Am. J. Med. Genet. 94:271-280, 2000.
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ranking = 1
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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12/172. A novel dicentric deleted chromosome 21 arising from tandem translocation.

    We present a 26-year-old patient with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Initial bone marrow cytogenetics with G-banding showed a rearranged chromosome 21, which was dicentric and bisatellited on CBG- and NOR-banding. fluorescence in situ hybridization helped to characterize the structure, using a whole chromosome 21 paint and the locus specific AML1 gene probe. The rearranged 21 consisted solely of chromosome 21 material, contained only one copy of AML1, and was not a trisomy, but a deleted tandem translocation. The MDS transformed to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and the patient died almost 12 months post-diagnosis. cytogenetics was performed three times during the course of the disease, and the dicentric chromosome 21 was present throughout. Although there are a number of published rearrangements of chromosome 21 in MDS and AML, most are isodicentrics. We could not find another case of an abnormal chromosome 21 with the same structure as reported here.
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ranking = 0.098370773335439
keywords = trisomy
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13/172. Unbalanced 4;6 translocation and progressive renal disease.

    Two sibs are described with an unbalanced 4;6 translocation resulting in partial trisomy 6p and monosomy for distal 4p. growth retardation, psychomotor retardation, and characteristic facial appearance are present. The facial anomalies include high prominent forehead, blepharoptosis, blepharophimosis, high nasal bridge, bulbous nose, long philtrum, small mouth with thin lips, and low-set ears. Both children have small kidneys and have had proteinuria since early childhood. The older boy developed progressive renal disease including hypertension and renal failure necessitating renal transplantation at age 18 years. Renal biopsy of the younger girl also indicates significant renal involvement. Progressive renal disease is likely an important part of the trisomy 6p phenotype.
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ranking = 0.19674154667088
keywords = trisomy
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14/172. A second case of inv(4)pat with both recombinants in the offspring: rec dup(4q) in a girl with wolf-hirschhorn syndrome and rec dup(4p).

    In a girl presenting with features of wolf-hirschhorn syndrome, cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic analysis revealed a rearranged chromosome 4 with monosomy of the distal bands 4pter-->4p16.2 and trisomy of the distal bands 4q35.1-->4qter [rec dup(4q)] due to a large, paternal pericentric inversion. In the following two pregnancies, prenatal diagnosis showed the same imbalance in one fetus and a reverse segmental imbalance [rec dup(4p)] in the other. We discuss the recombination risk of the given inversion with respect to the size of the inverted segment and the viability of the recombinants. The high frequency of recombinants in this family and others suggests a high recurrence risk in similar cases with large pericentric inversions comprising almost entire chromosomes.
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ranking = 0.098370773335439
keywords = trisomy
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15/172. Developmental delay and multiple congenital anomalies in a child with a unique combination of partial monosomy 18 and partial trisomy 16.

    A male child with multiple congenital anomalies and developmental delay is described. Cytogenetic evaluation showed that the patient was partially monosomic for the short arm of chromosome 18 and partially trisomic for the short arm of chromosome 16: a combination of chromosomal syndromes not previously described.
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ranking = 2.0325845332912
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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16/172. Partial monosomy 10q with partial trisomy 11q due to paternal balanced translocation.

    A male neonate with partial monosomy 10q and partial trisomy 11q, due to paternal balanced translocation, and who had cerebellar and olfactory lobe hypoplasia, cardiovascular defects, duodenal atresia and imperforate anus, is presented. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on this combination of chromosomal abnormalities.
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ranking = 2.540730666614
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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17/172. Loss of subtelomeric sequence associated with a terminal inversion duplication of the short arm of chromosome 4.

    We report on a 4(1/2)-year-old girl, who presented with multiple minor anomalies consistent with trisomy for 4p. GTG-banding identified a de novo terminal inversion duplication of distal 4p, dup(4)(p16.3p15.3). fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a wcp4 probe confirmed the chromosome 4 origin of the additional material. FISH with a 4p subtelomere probe, D4F26, showed no signal on the dup(4) chromosome identifying a deletion of this region. Molecular analysis of 4p STS loci confirmed the subtelomeric deletion and showed loss of the paternal allele in this region. The paternal origin of the deleted region and homozygosity for one of the two paternal alleles within the region of the duplication suggests that a sister chromatid rearrangement on the paternal chromosome 4 was involved in the formation of the dup(4) chromosome. To date, the best characterized mechanisms of formation of chromosome duplications are terminal inversion duplications of 8p, which were shown to be derived from rearrangements at maternal meiosis-I. Our data show that mechanisms other than a maternal meiosis-I rearrangement can lead to the formation of terminal inversion duplications. FISH analysis with the appropriate subtelomeric probes is warranted in terminal inversion duplications to check for associated deletions.
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ranking = 0.098370773335439
keywords = trisomy
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18/172. Three cell line mosaicism involving structural and numerical abnormalities of chromosome 18 in a 3.5-year-old girl: 47,XX, 18/47,XX, del(18)(q22)/46,XX.

    We report on a 3.5-year-old girl with a mosaic karyotype including full trisomy 18, normal cells and a majority of cells with partial trisomy involving an extra chromosome 18 deleted at band q22. She had cardiac and CNS anomalies, dysmorphic facial features failure to thrive and developmental delay. A gastrostomy tube was placed at 2 years of age. The combination of improved nutrition and optimal developmental therapy has led to her sitting supported, attempting to stand and enhancement of her cognitive and non-verbal communication abilities. Molecular investigation of the patient and her parents using microsatellite analysis has led to the conclusion that, as expected, the additional copy of chromosome 18 constituting the full trisomic cell line is maternal meiosis I in origin. The data, however, indicate that in the trisomic cell line containing the deleted chromosome 18q, the structurally abnormal 18 was of paternal origin. We think this case is the first described with both structural and numerical trisomic mosaicism involving chromosome 18 in a liveborn infant. We propose a mechanism of origin and review the literature, comparing the clinical presentation of this case with individuals having full or partial trisomy 18.
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ranking = 1.114663039981
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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19/172. An hsr on chromosome 7 was shown to be an insertion of four copies of the 11q23 MLL gene region in an hiv-related lymphoma.

    A 45-year-old male with AIDS presented with a cecal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cytogenetic and flourescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies revealed a complex karyotype with multiple aberrations that included a translocation, t(8;14) involving MYC on chromosome 14. This is specific to B-cell lymphomas. There were also frequently observed secondary changes such as chromosome 1 rearrangement leading to trisomy of 1q and loss of tp53 from the deleted chromosome 17. A unique secondary abnormality was an hsr on chromosome 7, which by FISH and SKY investigations was shown to originate from chromosome 11 involving 4 copies of the MLL gene region.
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ranking = 0.098370773335439
keywords = trisomy
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20/172. Inv dup del (1)(pter-->q44::q44-->q42:) with the classical phenotype of trisomy 1q42-qter.

    We report on a girl with a trisomy 1q42-q44 due to an inverted duplication of this region, associated with a terminal deletion of the long arm of the rearranged chromosome 1. Both the large duplication (more than 30 cM) and the small deletion were detected by FISH. Complete karyotype was: (46,XX, inv dup(1)(q44q42).ish(dup del 1)(q44q42)(D1S446x2, D1S423x2, tel1q-). The phenotype of the patient is characterized by macrocephaly with prominent forehead, downslanting palpebral fissures, micrognathia, and psychomotor retardation. All these clinical features are the same as observed for the typical trisomy 1q42-qter syndrome. The phenotypic effects of the inversion and the terminal deletion of 1q in addition to the trisomy are discussed here.
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ranking = 0.68859541334807
keywords = trisomy
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