Cases reported "Chronic Disease"

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1/22. sarcoidosis-related anterior uveitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus.

    BACKGROUND: This is the first ophthalmic report--to our knowledge--of an anterior uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). Other reported causes of uveitis in hiv-infected patients have included hiv, herpes zoster, tuberculosis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcus, rifabutin prophylaxis for mycobacterium, and protease inhibitors such as ritonavir and indinavir. uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in the non-hiv population is classically seen in young, female, African-American patients. There are rare reports, found exclusively in the pulmonary literature, of sarcoidosis in hiv-infected patients. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old African-American male infected with hiv was treated for chronic recurrent anterior uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis. His sarcoidosis was diagnosed 1 month earlier, along with the onset of his uveitis. During the previous 6 years he has been treated with anti-hiv antivirals as well as prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. To date, his infectious disease specialist continues to treat his hiv and systemic sarcoidosis. CONCLUSION: patients with hiv infection in whom sarcoidosis with secondary uveitis develops are very rare. Management of these patients requires careful use of topical and oral steroidal anti-inflammatories to control ocular and systemic sequelae of sarcoidosis. This case initiates some interesting questions about the immunology of sarcoidosis and its presence in immunocompromised patients. Use of steroids in an immunocompromised patient is clinically complex. Further clinical study is needed to elicit the full clinical significance of sarcoidosis and hiv infection.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
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2/22. Cutaneous infection caused by serratia marcescens.

    An 86-year-old woman presented with a chronic granulomatous skin lesion on the dorsal aspect of her left hand. Histologic examination showed pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia and a dense dermal infiltrate largely composed of lymphocytes and histiocytes. Abscess formation and fibroblastic proliferation were also present. Use of Fite, Giemsa, and periodic acid-Schiff stains did not show specific organisms. The gram-negative bacillus serratia marcescens was the only microorganism isolated from all cultures performed. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 960 mg every 12 hours for 20 days (orally), was given and resulted in complete disappearance of the lesion and negative culture findings. Cutaneous infection by S marcescens may represent a distinctive entity, whose clinical and possible pathogenic features are presented here.
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ranking = 0.15460651942837
keywords = bacillus
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3/22. Cutaneous botryomycosis of the cervicofacial region.

    BACKGROUND: Botryomycosis is a rare, chronic, bacterial infection of insidious onset involving the integument or viscera that often mimics actinomycosis or a deep fungal infection. The pathogenesis is thought to be a symbiotic relationship between the host and the infecting organism. methods: Case report of a patient with a chronic infection involving the cervicofacial region diagnosed as cutaneous botryomycosis arising from a chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible. The diagnosis was based on the chronicity of the infection along with the identification of botryomycotic (bacteria-containing) granules on histopathologic examination. Special stains excluded fungi and mycobacterium. Cultures identified the offending bacteria, and antibiotic therapy was initiated on the basis of the sensitivities, resulting in resolution of this chronic infectious process. A review of the English language literature revealed that this is the first case of cutaneous botryomycosis arising from a chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible. RESULTS: Medical therapy proved curative at 14 months follow-up. Surgery was performed for diagnostic purposes only. CONCLUSIONS: Botryomycosis is exceedingly rare in the head and neck, and consideration of this entity in the differential diagnosis is critical to the diagnosis. The mainstay of therapy is medical with surgery reserved for biopsy and/or excision of persistent disease. Published 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
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4/22. Clinical periodontal findings and microflora profiles in children with chronic neutropenia under supervised oral hygiene.

    BACKGROUND: This is the first known case report that used a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method to help identify the oral microflora in patients with chronic neutropenia. In this study, we report clinical periodontal findings and microflora profiles of 2 children, 1 with severe congenital neutropenia (SCN, Kostmann type) and 1 with cyclic neutropenia (CN). methods: The SCN patient had severe gingivitis, whereas the patient with CN had mild gingivitis in the gingival margins. Monthly oral cleaning instruction and review were performed without subsequent periodontal therapy. oral hygiene conditions remained satisfactory and visible plaque was scarce, despite the persistence of mild gingivitis. Under supervised oral hygiene, we examined the presence of periodontal pathogens from patient plaque samples. RESULTS: By a PCR-based method, prevotella nigrescens, bacteroides forsythus, campylobacter rectus, and capnocytophaga gingivalis were detected in the SCN patient and P. intermedia, C. rectus, C. gingivalis, and C. sputigena in the CN patient, suggesting the existence of periodontal pathogens. actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, porphyromonas gingivalis, treponema denticola, and C. ochracea were not found in either patient. CONCLUSIONS: Use of 1% povidone iodine solution and local antibiotic application under supervised oral hygiene were helpful to improve gingival conditions in patients with chronic neutropenia.
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ranking = 0.15460651942837
keywords = bacillus
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5/22. Human infections due to mycobacterium lentiflavum.

    Three cases of human disease due to mycobacterium lentiflavum are reported. In the first, the mycobacterium was responsible for chronic pulmonary disease in an elderly woman; in the second, it gave rise to cervical lymphadenitis in a child; and in the third, it caused a liver abscess in a young AIDS patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
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6/22. Whipple arthritis: diagnosis by molecular analysis of synovial fluid--current status of diagnosis and therapy.

    Whipple's disease (WD) is an uncommon polysystem infectious disease. In the present report, we describe a patient who presented with a chronic illness consistent with WD and an avascular necrosis of the right hip joint. WD and its proposed causative bacillus, tropheryma whippelii, was identified by molecular analysis (polymerase chain reaction) in bacterial dna extracted from the synovial fluid. The diagnosis was additionally confirmed by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and a small bowel biopsy with macrophages positive for periodic acid-Schiff reagent demonstrated by light and electron microscopy. This demonstrates that WD can be diagnosed without tissue biopsy. False diagnosis of the polymorphous signs and symptoms of WD can lead to invalidism and even death, whereas correct therapy leads to a cure in most cases. Thus, the current status of diagnosis and therapy is of key importance in the treatment of WD.
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ranking = 0.15460651942837
keywords = bacillus
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7/22. Inflammatory pseudotumour associated with chronic persistent eikenella corrodens infection: a case report and brief review.

    Inflammatory pseudotumour is an uncommon mass forming lesion, representing the histological expression of an infective or reactive/reparative process (pseudotumour) in most cases, and a bona fide neoplasm (for example, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour) in a minority of cases. This report describes the case of an inflammatory pseudotumour with a pathology that unveiled proliferative CD68 positive and actin negative spindle shaped cells, with a mild mixed inflammatory infiltrate, and a culture that yielded an uncommon fastidious bacillus, eikenella corrodens. The clinical course was indolent but protracted, with insidious progression to multifocal non-contiguous lesions, involving the lungs, liver, spleen, left kidney, and deep neck tissue, all of which responded to medical treatment with appropriate antibiotics. It is of paramount importance that clinicians search for an infective cause of an inflammatory pseudotumour, to ensure appropriate treatment.
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ranking = 0.15460651942837
keywords = bacillus
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8/22. Detection of a highly toxic clone of actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (JP2) in a Moroccan immigrant family with multiple cases of localized aggressive periodontitis.

    The JP2 clone of actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, a high-leukotoxin-producing strain, characterized by a 530-basepair (bp) deletion in the promoter region of the leukotoxin gene operon and mainly found among individuals with African origin, is associated with localized aggressive periodontitis. The objective of the study was to examine the occurrence of periodontal disease in a Moroccan immigrant family living in denmark in which the oldest son (14 year) was referred and treated for localized aggressive periodontitis. Further, the potential occurrence of the JP2 clone of A. actinomycetemcomitans in the family was examined. Here we present the clinical, radiographic, and microbiological findings from the family. Clinical and radiographic examination of the other family members revealed that 3 of 5 younger siblings had localized aggressive periodontitis, one had gingivitis and the mother had chronic periodontitis. Despite scaling followed by intensive maintenance therapy several family members, including the sibling with gingivitis, had further attachment loss at the 1-year examination. The JP2 clone of A. actinomycetemcomitans was isolated from subgingival plaque samples from 4 children with periodontitis. In contrast, it was not detected in plaque from the oldest boy, who had been treated for localized aggressive periodontitis by surgery combined with antibiotic therapy. The 4 children with periodontitis and colonized with the JP2 clone were treated by scaling and antibiotic administration. One month later the JP2 clone could still be detected in plaque samples. In conclusion, it is confirmed that members of immigrant families with African origin are potential carriers of the JP2 clone and that those families often have multiple family members with localized aggressive periodontitis. It is proposed that those families are given periodontal examination frequently to benefit from early diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
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ranking = 0.77303259714187
keywords = bacillus
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9/22. Chronic postoperative endophthalmitis caused by actinomyces neuii.

    Uneventful phacoemulsification with implantation of a foldable, acrylic posterior chamber intraocular lens was performed in the right eye of a 73-year-old white man. Postoperatively, the patient developed a chronic, low-grade intraocular inflammation. Cultures from the aqueous specimen grew actinomyces neuii, an unusual gram-positive bacillus. The low-grade intraocular inflammation persisted with intensive topical steroid-antibiotic medication and systemic antibiotics. A diagnostic, 3-port, pars plana vitrectomy was performed, and aqueous aspirate specimens were sent for culture and sensitivity and to look for abnormal cells. Intracameral antibiotics were not injected. The specimens were sterile to culture, and chronic inflammatory cells were reported on the vitreous specimen. On examination 6 months later, inflammation had not recurred and the best corrected visual acuity was 6/18.
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ranking = 0.15460651942837
keywords = bacillus
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10/22. mycobacterium lentiflavum infection in immunocompetent patient.

    mycobacterium lentiflavum is a recently described nontuberculous mycobacterium that has mainly clinical importance in young children with cervical lymphadenitis and in immunocompromised patients. We describe a case of chronic pulmonary infection in an immunocompetent patient. Our observation confirms clinical, diagnostic, and treatment difficulties in the management of M. lentiflavum infection.
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ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
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