Cases reported "Chronic Disease"

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1/253. Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of liver coexisting with chronic thyroiditis: radiographical characteristics of the disorder.

    BACKGROUND: Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the liver is an extremely rare entity, with six cases reported so far. methods: We encountered a 47-year-old Japanese female with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the liver, which coexisted with chronic thyroiditis. The lesion was discovered incidentally as a hypo-echoic mass with a hyper-echoic rim at a routine ultrasonography examination. It increased from 12 to 17 mm diameter in 6 months. Radiological studies, such as contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) and angiography demonstrated a hypervascular lesion. RESULTS: It was consequently diagnosed as a neoplasm with malignant potentiality and she underwent partial hepatectomy. The lesion was composed of small mature lymphocytes which formed prominent lymphoid follicles with germinal centres, scattered plasma cells and stromal fibrosis. Immunohistochemical study revealed polyclonal origins of the involved lymphocytes. dna analysis for the immunoglobulin heavy gene and the T cell receptor beta gene using Southern blot hybridization showed no monoclonality. The following features have characterized the images in past cases, as well as ours: hypo-echoic mass, occasionally with a rim, in ultrasonography and hypervascularity, shown by angiography and enhanced CT.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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2/253. Increased dermal angiogenesis after low-intensity laser therapy for a chronic radiation ulcer determined by a video measuring system.

    Acute and chronic radiation-induced dermatitis can occur after high doses of ionizing radiation of the skin. We describe a patient with a long-lasting radiotherapy-induced ulcer that healed after low-intensity laser therapy. A video measuring system was used to determine the number of dermal vessels in the ulcer before and after laser treatment. We found a statistically significant increase in the number of dermal vessels after low-intensity laser therapy in both the central and marginal parts of the ulcer compared with its pretreatment status.
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ranking = 14.054192512366
keywords = radiation-induced
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3/253. Papillary endothelial hyperplasia presenting as a chest wall neoplasm.

    Soft tissue hematomas generally resolve but may persist and develop into slow-growing, organized masses. These chronic expanding hematomas are characterized by a pseudocapsule and a predominantly necrotic central cavity, with foci of newly formed capillaries. These have been called chronic expanding hematomas or Masson's papillary endothelial hyperplasia. These lesions can mimic vascular neoplasms and must be considered in the evaluation of expanding soft tissue vascular malformations.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neoplasm
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4/253. Hereditary pancreatitis and mutation of the trypsinogen gene.

    Hereditary pancreatitis is a rare form of chronic recurrent pancreatitis. A family, in which 11 members had chronic pancreatitis, five had diabetes, and two had pancreatic cancer, was studied, and hereditary pancreatitis was diagnosed in all patients by demonstrating the mutation in exon 3 of the cationic trypsinogen gene (R117H). The clinical implications of genotypic analysis in hereditary pancreatitis are discussed.
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ranking = 1.4444938994575
keywords = cancer
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5/253. Chronic dacryoadenitis misdiagnosed as eyelid edema and allergic conjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a 2-year history of episodic upper eyelid swelling and nonspecific complaints, who was diagnosed as having allergic conjunctivitis. methods: A complete ocular examination, orbital computerized tomographic (CT) scans followed by complete physical and systemic examinations. RESULTS: The results of physical and systemic examinations were unremarkable for systemic lymphoma and a primary focus of cancer. The results of the ocular examination were normal. CT scans demonstrated well-defined lesions bilaterally with a homogeneous internal structure in the lacrimal gland fossa, which suggested a diagnosis of chronic dacryoadenitis. The differential diagnosis included lymphoma and orbital metastases. The patient refused a biopsy and was started on a tapering dose of 60 mg oral prednisolone daily. The follow-up CT scans 1 month after cessation of 6-week oral corticosteroid treatment showed near complete resolution of the orbital lesions. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that orbital inflammation can be misdiagnosed as refractory allergic conjunctivitis.
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ranking = 1.4444938994575
keywords = cancer
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6/253. pancreaticoduodenectomy for chronic pancreatitis: a case report and literature review.

    This is a case report of a patient with chronic pancreatitis who presented with biliary, duodenal and portal vein obstruction, a mass in the head of the pancreas, and a CA 19-9 level of 372 U/ml. Thus, the concern was raised as to the possibility of pancreatic cancer in this patient. We discuss the difficulties in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer in patients with chronic pancreatitis and the treatment options available for patients with chronic pancreatitis where the significant findings involve the head of the pancreas. Finally, a brief review is given describing the pertinent literature on the surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis and the current indications of pancreaticoduodenectomy for chronic pancreatitis.
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ranking = 2.8889877989149
keywords = cancer
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7/253. Fungal pseudotumor masquerading as pancreatic cancer-a sequela of new technology?

    Fungal infection resulting in chronic pancreatitis is rare. We report a case of chronic pancreatitis due to fungal infection causing common bile duct obstruction and abdominal pain mimicking pancreatic cancer. Treatment included resection to cure the pain and rule out malignancy. Long-term effects of fungal infection may be seen more frequently as total parenteral nutrition, antibiotics, and foreign bodies (e.g., stents, drains, central venous catheters) are more often being used in the treatment of many diseases.
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ranking = 7.2224694972874
keywords = cancer
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8/253. The radiological findings in chronic expanding hematoma.

    OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristic MRI findings of chronic expanding hematoma correlated with the pathology. DESIGN AND patients: Three patients who had a chronic expanding hematoma involving the musculoskeletal system were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Huge soft tissue masses suggestive of malignancy with destruction of the bony structure were revealed on radiography and computed tomography. MRI showed the masses to exhibit heterogeneous signal intensity on both T1 and T2-weighted images with a peripheral rim of low signal intensity, reflecting the central zones of fluid collection due to fresh and altered blood with a wall of collagenous fibrous tissue. These MRI findings were seen in all three patients and are considered to be characteristic; they assist in differentiation from neoplasm in consideration of the history of trauma or surgery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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9/253. Chronic abdominal pain secondary to omental J-flap: report of two patients.

    Two patients with a history of stage IB cervical cancer who had undergone prior radical abdominal hysterectomy, omental J-flap placement, and postoperative whole pelvic radiation therapy required subsequent exploratory laparotomy with resection of omental J-flap for treatment of chronic abdominal pain 5 and 2 years, respectively, following J-flap placement. Issues relating to this unusual possible long-term complication of omentoplasty are discussed.
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ranking = 1.4444938994575
keywords = cancer
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10/253. Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland associated with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis.

    We report a case of a 57-year-old man who developed a fibrosclerosing lesion in the submandibular gland and idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) involving the unilateral periureteral region within a year. Both lesions were resected surgically because of the suspicion of neoplasm. Pathologic examination revealed similar histologic and immunohistochemical features for both lesions, namely, fibrosclerosis with prominent hyalinizing collagen bundles and proliferation of myofibroblastic cells, and a non-neoplastic reactive nature. There was infiltration by lymphocytes with prominent lymph follicles, plasma cells and macrophages. The histologic and immunohistochemical findings suggest that the two lesions were of a similar pathogenesis, which was possibly mediated by macrophages. We think that the present case may be an unusual form of multifocal fibrosclerosis. Although sialolithiasis is thought to be a major pathogenic factor for chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland, the present case suggests that certain cases might have an etiology similar to IRF.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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