Cases reported "Chronic Disease"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/167. Cold thyroid nodule as the sole manifestation of Rosai-Dorfman disease with mild lymphadenopathy, coexisting with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis.

    A case of thyroid Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) without apparent lymphadenopathy in a 49-year-old woman with underlying euthyroid chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, as indicated by high thyroid autoantibodies titers, is presented. The initial presentation was that of a cold, hypoechogenic nodule of left thyroid lobe which increased in size during the two years of follow up, together with new ultrasonographic findings of the right lobe. No biochemical abnormalities were found apart from mild hypercalcemia. A near total thyroidectomy was performed. Histologically, the left lobe nodule as well as the right lobe lesions consisted of typical RDD cellular population, with the pathognomonic phenomenon of emperipolesis. Infiltration to the periphery of the gland was observed and three adjacent lymph nodes were also involved. The uninvolved thyroid parenchyma showed changes compatible with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. No other localizations or systemic manifestations of RDD were revealed. Normocalcemia was restored promptly and the patient remains free of clinically overt disease one year post-operatively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/167. Immunological similarities between primary sclerosing cholangitis and chronic sclerosing sialadenitis: report of the overlapping of these two autoimmune diseases.

    Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is characterized by destructive inflammation and fibrosis affecting the bile ducts. The etiology of PSC is still unknown, although lymphocytic infiltration in the portal areas suggests an immune-mediated destruction of the bile ducts. patients with one autoimmune disease often suffer from one or more other autoimmune diseases. It is well known that there is a close relationship between PSC and inflammatory bowel disease, particularly ulcerative colitis(UC). However, the pathological findings in UC and other overlap diseases do not resemble those of PSC. In the present study, we report a patient with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner's tumor) and PSC. It is compared the sclerosing changes in both salivary glands and bile ducts histologically. In addition, the expression pattern of mast cell tryptase, b-FGF, and HLA-DR were examined in both tissues immunohistochemically. Histological features of sclerosing change in both salivary and bile ducts were quite similar. Marked mast cell infiltration and b-FGF expression were seen in the sclerosing areas in both tissues. In active inflammatory areas of the salivary glands, HLA-DR expression was also seen. We hypothesized that similar immune reactions occur in both the salivary gland and bile ducts and are responsible for the fibrosis that follows.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/167. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear: a case report.

    A choristoma is a nonneoplastic proliferation of histologically normal tissue that forms at an abnormal site. It is extremely uncommon in the middle ear space. It appears to be a developmental abnormality and may be associated with abnormalities of adjacent structures. It usually occurs with unilateral conductive hearing loss and requires a differential diagnosis from other mass lesions in the middle ear cavity. This article discusses a case of salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear that we believe to be the 24th case reported on this subject.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/167. Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular and parotid glands: a report of a case and review of the literature.

    Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (also known as Kuttner tumor) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the salivary glands, first described by Kuttner in 1896. Clinically, the disease cannot be distinguished from a true neoplasm. The submandibular gland is affected more commonly than any other salivary gland. This report is of a case of widespread swelling of the salivary glands in which histologic features of chronic sclerosing sialadenitis were seen in the submandibular and parotid glands. The etiology, pathogenesis, and differential diagnosis of this disease and the clinical outcome of this case are discussed and presented.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 52.645253783334
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/167. Sulfomucins in helicobacter pylori-associated chronic gastritis in children: is this incipient intestinal metaplasia?

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about early stages of intestinal metaplastic in chronic gastritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of sulfated mucosubstances hence most probably intestinal metaplasia, in isolated cells of surface gastric pits, and glands in pediatric patients with helicobacter pylori-associated chronic gastritis. methods: Participants were nine patients (nine different biopsies; mean age 11.5 years, range 3-16 years) with sulfomucin-containing cells evident in the gastric biopsy specimen. Eight of the patients were selected from a group of 15 patients with histologically documented H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis in whom the utility of the Sydney system was being tested. RESULTS: Symptoms and endoscopic findings of H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis were the same regardless of the presence or absence of sulfomucin-containing cells. On hematoxylin and eosin stained tissues, neither intestinal metaplasia nor atrophy was apparent. However, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-alcian blue (pH 1.0) stain revealed the presence of sulfated mucosubstances in isolated cells of gastric pits and glands in the nine patients. CONCLUSIONS: This finding may represent a "minimal" form of incomplete intestinal metaplasia (type III). Because the nine patients had been untreated, the change is probably reversible. Two follow-up biopsies in patients in whom H. pylori had been treated and eradicated showed absence of sulfated mucins. Although these findings cannot be regarded as fully developed type III intestinal metaplasia, it is possible that left untreated, the alteration may persist and evolve into some other complication. This conclusion justifies follow-up of these patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/167. Occurrence of Riedel's thyroiditis in the course of sub-acute thyroiditis.

    Riedel's thyroiditis is an uncommon form of chronic thyroiditis characterized by an invasive fibrosclerosis of the gland, often involving surrounding tissue. The relationship of Riedel's thyroiditis to other forms of thyroiditis is not clear. We presented a 47 year-old woman first diagnosed with sub-acute thyroiditis based on clinical findings and laboratory results. Eight months later, she had a thyroidectomy operation due to an enlargement of the thyroid gland and symptoms of compression. Histopathologic evaluation showed that she had Riedel's thyroiditis, but there were some histopathologic findings of sub-acute thyroiditis as well. Until now, there has only been one case reported in which Riedel's thyroiditis was diagnosed in a patient with a history of sub-acute thyroiditis in the literature. Although aetiology of Riedel's thyroiditis is unknown, it may develop in the course of sub-acute thyroiditis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/167. Parasitic thyroid nodule in a patient with Hashimoto's chronic thyroiditis.

    A case of parasitic thyroid nodule is presented. The patient was a non symptomatic 53-year-old white woman, on irregular course of L-thyroxine to treat hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Without a history of thyroid trauma or surgery, she presented a 1.6 x 0.7 x 0.5cm right pre-laryngeal lymph node-like mass which, on ultrasonography, appeared distinct from the gland. TSH, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody serum levels were elevated and T4-free level was normal. Thyroid and total body 99mTc isonitrile scintiscan showed a topic thyroid without radionuclide uptake in the nodule. Fine-needle aspiration of the nodule showed epithelial cells with nuclear atypia and oncocytic changes plus intense lymphoid infiltration and germinative center formation, simulating lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Conventional biopsy revealed a parasitic thyroid nodule with Hashimoto's chronic thyroiditis. Parasitic thyroid nodule must always be remembered so that unnecessary surgical assessment and undesirable sequels may be avoided.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/167. A rare case of multiple carcinoids and endocrine cell micronests in a patient with chronic duodenitis.

    BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, multiple carcinoid tumors of the duodenum have not been reported previously. However, multiple carcinoids in the stomach, ileum, and rectum, which were accompanied by the proliferation of endocrine cells, have been reported in the published literature. methods: A patient with multiple carcinoids including argyrophilic cell hyperplasia of the duodenum and hypergastrinemia underwent surgery. The resected stomach and duodenum were analyzed histopathologically. RESULTS: There were 11 carcinoid lesions, each of which was accompanied by peripheral endocrine cell micronests (ECMs). Increasing gastrin positive cells in the antral region and chronic duodenitis in the duodenal bulb also were observed. The peripheral ECMs usually were adjacent to proliferating argyrophilic cells in the Brunner gland ducts or the crypts of Lieberkuhn, which showed focal pyloric gland metaplasia. CONCLUSIONS: In the case presented in the current study, the development of the multiple carcinoid lesions may be strongly related to the presence of multifocal pyloric gland metaplasia, as well as to the trophic action of gastrin, which is present at high levels in the setting of chronic duodenitis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/167. growth hormone overproduction in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type I.

    In a 69-year-old woman with a complicated history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN 1), growth hormone overproduction was found without clinical features of acromegaly. zollinger-ellison syndrome was diagnosed at the age of 36 years. Total gastrectomy and partial pancreatectomy were performed. Two years later hypercalcaemia occurred, hyperparathyroidism was suspected and three hyperplastic parathyroid glands were removed. In 1994 the plasma gastrin level was elevated and a computerized tomography of the abdomen revealed a 1.5-cm large pancreatic tumour. Screening of the pituitary functions was unremarkable and a magnetic resonance scan of the pituitary gland showed no abnormalities. In 1995 type II diabetes mellitus was diagnosed. In 1997 basal plasma growth hormone levels were raised and plasma IGF-I levels were alternately high and normal. The patient had no clinical signs of acromegaly, but glucose tolerance testing resulted in a paradoxical rise in growth hormone concentration compatible with the diagnosis of growth hormone overproduction. magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland revealed a microadenoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/167. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of lymphangioma of the parotid gland in an adult.

    lymphangioma or cystic hygroma is an uncommon benign congenital tumor of lymphatics that is seen in children and, rarely, adults. lymphangioma primarily involving the parotid gland is an extremely uncommon occurrence in adults. We report on the cytologic findings of a parotid lymphangioma in a 34-yr-old man which showed 13 cc of yellow fluid with red blood cells, lymphocytes, and rare fragments of benign-appearing salivary gland epithelium. The differential diagnosis of cystic parotid gland lesions in adults may include Warthin's tumor, lymphoma, benign lymphoepithelial lesions, branchial cleft cysts, chronic sialadenitis, cystic low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and cystic pleomorphic adenoma. In this case, the fine-needle aspiration findings along with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a multiloculated cystic mass in the parotid gland allowed the diagnosis of lymphangioma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8
keywords = gland
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Chronic Disease'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.