Cases reported "Churg-Strauss Syndrome"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/68. Eosinophil active cytokines and surface analysis of eosinophils in Churg-Strauss syndrome.

    There are few reports regarding the measurement of cytokines and surface analysis of eosinophils in churg-strauss syndrome (CSS). To examine the pathophysiology of CSS, concentrations of cytokines in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and surface antigens on peripheral blood eosinophils were analyzed in five patients with CSS. Concentrations of cytokines (interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured using ELISA. Surface antigens on eosinophils in peripheral blood were analyzed using flow cytometry. A concentration of interleukin-5 (IL-5) and TNF-alpha in serum was detected in five cases; however IL-1 beta, GM-CSF, and IL-3 were detected in 3 of 5, 2 of 5, and 1 of 5 patients, respectively. In BALF, TNF-alpha and IL-5 were detected in 2 of 3 and 1 of 3 patients, respectively; however, neither IL-1 beta, GM-CSF, nor IL-3 was detected in any. Newly expressed surface antigens such as CD25, CD4, and CD69 were observed on peripheral blood eosinophils in five cases. CD54 and HLA-DR were expressed in 4 of 5 and 3 of 5 patients, respectively. eosinophils in peripheral blood are activated to various degrees, possibly depending on cytokine stimulation. This eosinophil activation may be related to the clinical stage of CSS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = peripheral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/68. Childhood churg-strauss syndrome.

    churg-strauss syndrome or allergic granulomatosis and angiitis is a vasculitis that is found in adults, but is extremely rare in children. We describe a 14-year-old boy who presented with prolonged fever, weight loss, sinusitis, myalgia and arthralgia, testicular pain, pulmonary infiltrations, pericardial effusion, peripheral neuropathy, and eosinophilia. Muscle biopsy showed necrotizing arteritis with eosinophil infiltration. His clinical course was complicated by several seizures secondary to cerebral vasculitis and severe asthma, resulting in death. The clinical features and outcomes of childhood churg-strauss syndrome are reviewed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.7113325545366
keywords = peripheral neuropathy, peripheral, neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/68. Cardiac involvement and left ventricular failure in a patient with the churg-strauss syndrome.

    The churg-strauss syndrome is characterised by a history of asthma and paranasal sinus disease, eosinophilia of more than 10 per cent, non-fixed pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiography and vasculitis which may affect multiple organ systems. The condition usually manifests in the 4th decade. We present a 21-year old female with a history of asthma since one year of age who developed symptoms and signs of pneumonia, a pulmonary infiltrate on chest radiography and eosinophilia. This was followed a few weeks later by vasculitis which affected the skin and myocardium and associated with a peripheral eosinophilia of more than 80%. physical examination revealed palpable purpura and signs of left ventricular failure. echocardiography confirmed significant diminution of left ventricular contractility. A rapid improvement was observed after steroid therapy. echocardiography after two months showed normal left ventricular function. In this presentation we review the cardiac manifestations of the churg-strauss syndrome and its management.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = peripheral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/68. churg-strauss syndrome complicated by eosinophilic endomyocarditis.

    A 34-year-old woman with asthma had increasing dyspnea on exertion for 9 months and new-onset mononeuritis multiplex. An examination demonstrated sinus tachycardia, elevated jugular venous pressure, and a tender nonpulsatile liver. The leukocyte count was 15.8 x 10(9)/L, with 23% eosinophils. echocardiography revealed a laminated thrombus obliterating much of the right ventricular cavity, with encasement of the tricuspid valve. Ultrafast computed tomography showed no evidence of pulmonary emboli. biopsy specimens of skin nodules revealed extravascular palisading granulomas. The thrombus was refractory to corticosteroids, and right ventricular thrombectomy was performed. To our knowledge, this is the third reported case of churg-strauss syndrome with thrombotic complications from coexistent eosinophilic endomyocarditis. In an asthmatic patient with chronic dyspnea, eosinophilic tissue infiltration, and neuropathy, churg-strauss syndrome should be considered; evaluation for cardiac involvement may be warranted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.084884219523659
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/68. Severe polyneuropathy in a patient with churg-strauss syndrome.

    We describe the clinicopathologic features of a 56-year-old woman affected with churg-strauss syndrome with major peripheral nerve involvement. The patient presented with a 1-month history of mainly distal upper-limb symmetrical paresthesias and hypostenia (bilateral "wrist drop"), palpable purpura and eosinophilia. Multiple pulmonary infiltrates and asthma had been present since the age of 52. skin biopsy demonstrated an eosinophilic necrotizing vasculitis. During the hospitalization she was submitted to cardiac, bronchopulmonary, renal, and gastrointestinal evaluation and EMG. Peripheral nerve and skeletal muscle biopsies were performed. sural nerve biopsy showed a marked degree of demyelination. A perivascular cellular infiltrate within the epineurium was immunoreactive for T lymphocytes and macrophages. Strong HLA-DR immunostaining was present in the endoneurium. IgM, IgE and fibrinogen deposition was found in some epi- and endoneurial vessels. Muscle biopsy showed neurogenic changes and 1 thrombosed vessel surrounded by mononuclear cells. Membrane attack complex (MAC) deposition was present in a few capillaries and major histocompatibility complex products I (MHCP I) was expressed at the subsarcolemmal level in a few isolated perivascular muscle fibers. After immunosuppressive therapy, the patient showed progressive improvement of both clinical symptoms and neurophysiological parameters.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.64367383018759
keywords = peripheral, neuropathy, peripheral nerve, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/68. A case of churg-strauss syndrome presenting with cortical blindness.

    A 46-year-old woman with a sudden sight loss due to infarction of the occipital lobes is reported. The association of pulmonary disease, digital ischaemia, polyneuropathy and peripheral eosinophilia led to a diagnosis of churg-strauss syndrome. Her vision partially improved by a treatment with steroids and monthly i.v. cyclophosphamide. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CSS with a sudden loss of vision due to bilateral occipital infarction.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33488421952366
keywords = peripheral, neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/68. churg-strauss syndrome with perforating ulcers of the colon.

    We report a case of a 72-year-old woman with churg-strauss syndrome, who presented with intestinal perforation. She has had bronchial asthma with peripheral blood eosinophilia for 30 years. Gross findings of a resected colon showed multiple ulcers with perforation. Histologic findings demonstrated transmural inflammation infiltrated with large numbers of eosionophils, neutrophils and lymphoplasma cells, and characteristic extravascular granuloma in the subserosa. There were multifocally-distributed transmural vasculitis showing all stages of activity in medium and small-sized arteries and veins located in the submucosa, and proper muscle and subserosal layers of the colon, some of which revealed granulomatous inflammation. Histologic finding of liver showed chronic viral hepatitis B with mild inflammatory activity and macronodular cirrhosis. Immunohistochemical findings, acid fuschin orange G staining and electromicroscope found no evidence of hepatitis b virus infection contributing to the pathogenesis of this lesion.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = peripheral
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/68. Allergic granulomatous angiitis (churg-strauss syndrome) associated with allergic bronchopulmonary candidiasis.

    We describe a case of churg-strauss syndrome (CSS) associated with allergic bronchopulmonary candidiasis (ABPC). A 61-year-old man who had been given a diagnosis of ABPC based on serologic and radiographic findings experienced pain and purpuric rash on the left leg accompanied with motor weakness. The diagnosis of CSS was made from skin, nerve and muscle biopsies. Although immunosuppressant and prednisolone were administered and resulted in transient improvement, candidal pneumonia was suspected to have developed 60 days after the administration and the patient finally died of respiratory failure. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CSS associated with ABPC.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0027336777317745
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/68. Childhood churg-strauss syndrome: report of a case.

    churg-strauss syndrome (CSS) (allergic granulomatosis and angitis) is an uncommon form of systemic vasculitis, which is rare in children. It is characterized by peripheral blood hypereosinophilia, systemic necrotizing vasculitis, and a preceding history of bronchial asthma. We described a boy with initial presentation of poorly controlled bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, recurrent sinusitis and several episodes of hemoptysis since the age of 9. He then developed purpuric skin lesions, generalized soreness, and symptoms of mononeuritis multiplex at age 11. On admission to our hospital at the age of 12, he developed marked pericardial effusion. After a series of studies including chest computed tomography (CT), skin biopsy, nerve conduction study, and serological tests for autoantibodies, CSS was diagnosed. Thereafter, he received regular corticosteroid therapy, and his symptoms were generally well-controlled with occasional acute exacerbation. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management of CSS in children are also reviewed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25273367773177
keywords = peripheral, nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/68. churg-strauss syndrome after reduction of inhaled corticosteroid in a patient treated with pranlukast for asthma.

    Recently, various forms of churg-strauss syndrome (CSS) have been reported in association with the use of leukotriene receptor antagonists. A 53-year-old woman with a 5-year history of asthma associated with chronic sinusitis presented mononeuropathy, hypereosinophilia, and positive P-ANCA in October 1999. She had been treated with pranlukast (450 mg/day) and beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) at a dose of 1,200 microg/day which had gradually been tapered to 800 microg/day over the previous 17 months. She was found to have CSS, and 60 mg/day of prednisolone was administered instead of pranlukast, resulting in an improvement of her symptoms and eosinophilia. Later, we confirmed that serum P-ANCA had been positive before the pranlukast treatment, but CSS vasculitis had not appeared at that time. We speculated that an underlying incomplete form of CSS was being masked in this case and that the reduction of inhaled corticosteroid might have been responsible for the unmasking of CSS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.084884219523659
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Churg-Strauss Syndrome'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.