Cases reported "Chylothorax"

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1/86. chylothorax in hairy cell leukemia.

    A case of postoperative left chylothorax in a 43-year-old black woman with hairy cell leukemia is reported. First submitted to pleural drainage, she was successfully treated with a combination of chemotherapy and elemental enteral diet enriched with medium-chain triglycerides.
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2/86. Management of postoperative chylothorax with nitric oxide: a case report.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of inhaled nitric oxide in the management of refractory postoperative chylothorax. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENT: A neonate with refractory chylothoraces complicated by moderate pulmonary hypertension after a complicated arterial switch operation. INTERVENTIONS: Administration of inhaled nitric oxide through a ventilator circuit. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The institution of inhaled nitric oxide at 20 ppm resulted in a marked reduction in chest tube drainage and a decrease in echocardiographically estimated pulmonary artery pressure from 50%-75% systemic to 30%-50% systemic. Chest tube drainage doubled when the nitric oxide was decreased to 10 ppm and, again, dramatically decreased after raising nitric oxide back to 20 ppm. After 8 days of nitric oxide therapy, the chest tube drainage ceased. nitric oxide therapy was successfully discontinued 19 days after initiation, with no recurrence of chylothorax. There was no effect of nitric oxide on systemic blood pressure. methemoglobin levels while on NO remained <1.7%. CONCLUSION: Consideration may be given to the use of inhaled nitric oxide in the therapy of refractory chylothoraces complicated by central venous hypertension.
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3/86. Management of chylothorax after thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy.

    Thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy is a minimally invasive procedure used in the treatment of recalcitrant abdominal pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic carcinoma. chylothorax, an uncommon complication of thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy, may lead to a protracted, costly hospital course of treatment usually consisting of central venous hyperalimentation, restricted oral intake, and tube thoracostomy. In our series of 25 patients who underwent thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy, 2 developed postoperative chylothorax. Both patients failed conservative management and ultimately underwent operative reintervention, at which time, leaking lymphatics were easily identified and closed using minimally invasive techniques. On the basis of this experience, we advocate early thoracoscopic reintervention in patients with chylothorax after thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy.
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4/86. Postoperative mediastinal chyloma.

    Anterior mediastinal mass developed in a 69-year-old woman who had undergone right upper lobectomy and systematic lymph node dissection. The mass was diagnosed to be a mediastinal chyloma and surgical intervention was necessary to resolve the compression to the superior vena cava. Although posttraumatic mediastinal chyloma is not rare, postoperative mediastinal chyloma has not been reported in the literature. However, it should be noted as a differential diagnosis for a postoperative mediastinal mass.
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5/86. chylothorax after myocardial revascularization with the left internal thoracic artery.

    A 38-year-old male underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A saphenous vein graft was attached to the left marginal branch. The left internal thoracic artery was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). The early recovery was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After three months, he came back to the hospital complaining of weight loss, weakness, and dyspnea on mild exertion. Chest x-rays showed left pleural effusion. On physical examination, a decreased vesicular murmur was detected. After six days, the diagnosis of chylothorax was made after a milky fluid was detected in the plural cavity and total pulmonary expansion did not occur. On the next day, both anterior and posterior pleural drainage were performed by videothoracoscopy, and prolonged parenteral nutrition (PPN) was instituted for ten days. After seven days the patient was put on a low-fat diet for 8 days. The fluid accumulation ceased, the drains were removed and the patient was discharged with normal pulmonary expansion.
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6/86. An unusual case of chylothorax complicating non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    A 64 year old man with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma developed extremely troublesome chylous pleural effusions following effective chemotherapy. With the pre-operative use of olive oil, a diffuse leakage of lymph was seen at thoracotomy. Oversewing was performed eventually resulting in an excellent outcome.
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7/86. Conservative management of postoperative chylothorax using somatostatin.

    chylothorax is a rare but serious postoperative complication of thoracic surgical procedures. We report the case of a 77-year-old man who underwent a coronary artery bypass procedure using a left internal mammary artery pedicle graft. A permanent pacemaker was required postoperatively. A persistent postoperative chylothorax developed necessitating continuous drainage and conservative management. somatostatin was instituted when after 1 week this management failed to resolve the chylothorax. This led to rapid cessation of chyle production. Enteral feeding was reinstituted without complication and surgical intervention was avoided.
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ranking = 7
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8/86. Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct.

    OBJECTIVE: When nonoperative treatment of chylothorax fails, thoracic duct ligation is usually performed through a thoracotomy. We describe two cases of persistent chylothorax, in a child and an adult, successfully treated with thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct. methods: A 4-year-old girl developed a right chylothorax following a fontan procedure. Aggressive nonoperative management failed to eliminate the persistent chyle loss. A 72-year-old insulin-dependent diabetic man was involved in a motor vehicle accident, in which he sustained multiple fractured ribs, a right hemopneumothorax, a right femoral shaft fracture, and a T-11 thoracic vertebral fracture. Subsequently, he developed a right chylothorax, which did not respond to nonoperative management. Both patients were successfully treated with thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct. RESULTS: The child had significant decrease of chyle drainage following surgery. Increased drainage that appeared after the introduction of full feedings five days postoperatively was controlled with the somatostatin analog octreotide. The chest tube was removed two weeks after surgery. After two years' follow-up, she has had no recurrence of chylothorax. The adult had no chyle drainage following surgery. He was maintained on a medium-chain triglyceride diet postoperatively for two weeks. The chest tube was removed four days after surgery. After six months' follow-up, he has had no recurrence of chylothorax. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct provides a safe and effective treatment of chylothorax and may avoid thoracotomy and its associated morbidity.
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ranking = 5
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9/86. Thoracoscopic direct clipping of the thoracic duct for chylopericardium and chylothorax.

    BACKGROUND: chylothorax is a challenging clinical problem. Untreated, it carries a high mortality and morbidity. Traditional surgical management for cases refractory to conservative treatment is thoracic duct ligation through a right open thoracotomy. methods: We describe 4 patients treated successfully by video-assisted thoracic surgery, using ports and no thoracotomy, and precise ligation and division of the thoracic duct just above the diaphragm. A pericardial window was made in the patient with chylopericardium, as in the patient with end-stage renal disease. pleurodesis was used in the patient with esophageal carcinoma and the patient with jugular and subclavian vein thrombosis. RESULTS: There were 2 women aged 18 and 42 years and 2 men, aged 61 and 65 years. No procedure-related mortality or morbidity occurred. In patients 1, 2, 3, and 4, the postoperative duration of drainage was 5, 7, 7, and 5 days, respectively (mean duration, 6 days) and the hospital stay, 5, 9, 10, and 5 days, respectively (mean stay, 7 days). There was no recurrence of chylothorax or chylopericardium during follow-up (range, 2 to 24 months; mean follow-up, 9 months). One patient died of esophageal carcinoma 4 months after operation. CONCLUSIONS: Video-assisted thoracic surgery without a thoracotomy is an effective way of treating chylothorax and carries minimal morbidity.
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10/86. lymphoscintigraphy using (99m)Tc filtered sulfur colloid in chylothorax: a case report.

    OBJECTIVE: A 66-y-old man was diagnosed with esophageal carcinoma and underwent a right thoracotomy and esophagectomy. Postoperatively, a recurring right pleural effusion developed. Because an attempt at lymphangiography failed, lymphoscintigraphy was suggested. Because of the inability to obtain radiolabeled albumin, dextran, or nanocolloid, we used filtered sulfur colloid. (0.1 um). The study confirmed the diagnosis of chylothorax.
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