Cases reported "Cluster Headache"

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11/202. case reports: sudden worsening of cluster headache: A signal of aneurysmal thrombosis and enlargement.

    We report a 55-year-old man presenting with symptoms of cluster headache, including throbbing pain behind the left eye, tearing, and rhinorrhea. magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography revealed no abnormalities. Two days of intravenous dihydroergotamine resolved his pain. His headaches were somewhat relieved with a treatment regimen of 100 mg of imipramine each night, 40 mg of propranolol twice a day, 250 mg of divalproex three times a day, and dihydroergotamine nasal spray for breakthrough headaches. Two months later, the severity of his pain increased dramatically. Repeat imaging revealed a large thrombosed left posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Following obliterative surgery, his headaches are infrequent and mild and resemble tension headaches. Dramatic changes in headache characteristics can be an indicator of aneurysmal enlargement and thrombosis. This case illustrates the importance of repeat imaging when a patient's headache significantly worsens. ( info)

12/202. cluster headache and cocaine use.

    We present 3 patients who had episodes of orofacial pain compatible with cluster headache, the differential diagnosis being established with pulp pain of dental origin. cocaine inhalation triggered pain in the premolar zone of the upper jaw, followed by spread of pain to the periorbital region on the same side. The pain episodes were very intense and lasted between 30 and 120 minutes. The patients presented conjunctival injection and lacrimation of the affected eye during these episodes. The crises were always unilateral. In one patient, pain shifted sides from one crisis to another within the same symptomatic or cluster period, affecting the side through which the drug was inhaled. pain usually appeared 1 to 2 hours after cocaine consumption, though it disappeared 5 to 10 minutes after again inhaling the drug. None of our patients acknowledged cocaine consumption at the first visit; drug inhalation was only admitted at subsequent visits, once a degree of confidence had been established with the physician. ( info)

13/202. Trigeminal autonomic cephalgia with periorbital ecchymosis, ocular hemorrhage, hypertension and behavioral alterations.

    We describe a 38-year-old male in whom severe unilateral headache was associated with marked palpebral edema, periorbital ecchymosis, lacrimation, conjunctival injection, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. A second, less severe headache form developed subsequently. The patient often presented severe labile hypertension and behavioral disturbances during the crises, and there was an episode of intra-ocular hemorrhage. General, neurological and ophthalmological examinations revealed nothing remarkable. We discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms and the nosology of this case within the trigeminal autonomic cephalgias. ( info)

14/202. cluster headache. Premonitory symptoms.

    The emergence of symptoms which may precede by days the onset of a series of painful attacks of cluster headache is not often reported in the medical literature. In this report, four patients who described these premonitory symptoms are presented. The importance of premonitory symptoms is emphasized, for they provide a means to institute an early prophylactic therapy and the possibility of clarifying the physiopathology of this primary headache. ( info)

15/202. Brainstem activation specific to migraine headache.

    Findings from functional imaging studies have shown activation of the brainstem during migraine without aura (MWOA) and activation of the hypothalamus during cluster headache. We assessed a patient with cluster headache and migraine by positron emission tomography during an active cluster headache after he had taken 1.2 glyceryl trinitate. The patient developed a typical MWOA, during which we saw activation in the dorsal rostral brainstem. There was no activation in the region of the hypothalamus. Our findings provide evidence that migraine involves the brainstem, and show several areas involved in cluster headaches. Our data show the potential for objective distinction between primary headache syndromes with functional imaging, in disorders hitherto distinguished on clinical grounds. ( info)

16/202. indomethacin-responsive headaches in children and adolescents.

    Headache is a common symptom in childhood and adolescence. Effective therapy for this symptom is based on the specific headache syndrome. This article presents examples of the four recognized indomethacin-responsive headache syndromes encountered in pediatrics including exertional headache, cyclic-cluster migraine, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, and hemicrania continua. Although uncommon conditions, successful treatment depends on recognition of these indomethacin-responsive headache syndromes. ( info)

17/202. sumatriptan can alleviate headaches due to carotid artery dissection.

    Cluster headaches can be mimicked by a spontaneous carotid artery dissection. We report a 45-year-old man with a spontaneous carotid artery dissection whose unilateral headache responded to sumatriptan. An oral dose of 50 mg of sumatriptan relieved 90% of the pain after 2 hours. A second dose the next day achieved similar results within 4 hours. The diagnosis of dissection was made later by magnetic resonance angiogram and conventional angiography. This case illustrates that a positive response to a triptan can not be used to distinguish the first attack of cluster headache from a carotid artery dissection. ( info)

18/202. Clusterlike headache as first manifestation of a prolactinoma.

    We report a case of cluster headache in a patient with a macroprolactinoma. Symptomatic cluster headache was suspected because of an unsatisfactory response to medications that are usually effective in idiopathic cluster headache. The neurological examination was normal. However, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large pituitary tumor. One year after starting treatment with cabergoline, the patient remains asymptomatic. Symptomatic cluster headache should be suspected when the clinical features of the headache are atypical. By inducing vascular mechanisms, the parasellar lesion may have played a role in initiating the cluster headache. ( info)

19/202. Olanzapine as an abortive agent for cluster headache.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate olanzapine as a cluster headache abortive agent in an open-label trial. BACKGROUND: cluster headache is the most painful headache syndrome known. There are very few recognized abortive therapies for cluster headache and fewer for patients who have contraindications to vasoconstrictive drugs. methods: Olanzapine was given as an abortive agent to five patients with cluster headache in an open-label trial. The initial olanzapine dose was 5 mg, and the dose was increased to 10 mg if there was no pain relief. The dosage was decreased to 2.5 mg if the 5-mg dose was effective but caused adverse effects. To be included in the study, each patient had to treat at least two attacks with either an effective dose or the highest tolerated dose. RESULTS: Five patients completed the investigation (four men, one woman; four with chronic cluster, one with episodic cluster). Olanzapine reduced cluster pain by at least 80% in four of five patients, and two patients became headache-free after taking the drug. Olanzapine typically alleviated pain within 20 minutes after oral dosing and treatment response was consistent across multiple treated attacks. The only adverse event was sleepiness. CONCLUSIONS: Olanzapine appears to be a good abortive agent for cluster headache. It alleviates pain quickly and has a consistent response across multiple treated attacks. It appears to work in both episodic and chronic cluster headache. ( info)

20/202. Statuslike SUNCT in two young women.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the statuslike pattern of SUNCT (short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform pain with conjunctival injection and tearing) in two young women. BACKGROUND: sunct syndrome is a rare condition characterized by a short-lasting periocular pain associated with marked autonomic symptoms. Twenty-five cases have been reported in the literature with a high preponderance of males and a mean age of 51 years. The frequency of episodes shows a wide variability, not just among individuals but also in the same patient, and a statuslike pattern of almost continuous attacks has been described. methods: We report the cases of two young women (aged 26 and 23 years) with typical SUNCT features who suffered bouts of up to 60 paroxysms of pain per hour. Paraclinical investigations showed no abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Although unusual, paroxysms in SUNCT may overlap into a clinical status. A strong relationship with hormonal changes was noted in one patient. In both cases, the pain was refractory to treatment with indomethacin, carbamazepine, and hypnotics, and only intravenous methylprednisolone with oral carbamazepine may have been partially effective in one case. ( info)
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