Cases reported "Colic"

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1/137. Persistent crying as predominant manifestation of sepsis in infants and newborns.

    Acute episodes of unexplained crying in infants may be due to serious and even life-threatening conditions. We present six infants in whom excessive crying was the predominant initial manifestation of sepsis for a period of time that ranged from 2 to 10 hours, before other symptoms or signs became evident. This led to a diagnostic delay in two patients who were considered initially to have infant colic. sepsis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute unexplained crying in infants. ( info)

2/137. Ureteric obstruction by shotgun pellet "pellet colic".

    Acute renal colic from retained missiles is an unusual and interesting delayed complication of missile injuries to the abdomen. It must be considered in patients who present with symptoms of renal colic following gunshot and shotgun wounds with retained missiles. We report a case of acute ureteral obstruction secondary to a migrating intraluminal projectile 3 days after a shotgun wound to the back. ( info)

3/137. Colonic spasm and pseudo-obstruction in an elongated colon secondary to physical exertion: diagnosis by stress barium enema.

    Anatomic and functional abnormalities of the colon are known to cause a variety of abdominal complaints, including constipation, diarrhea, and pain. We describe a patient with dolichocolon (elongated colon) with transient spasm (pseudo-obstruction) associated with exertion. The diagnosis in this case rested with a novel approach and less invasive evaluation of the colon. ( info)

4/137. Use of ketorolac in renal colic.

    Intravenously administered ketorolac tromethamine provided complete pain relief to a 54-year-old man with right-sided testicular pain and nausea and vomiting. The patient had a ureteral calculus documented by computed tomography. This patient's pain initially failed to respond to intravenously administered hydromorphone hydrochloride. Subsequently, he was admitted to the hospital and had operative removal of his ureteral calculus and placement of a ureteral stent. Based on their findings and review of the literature, the authors recommend that intravenous ketorolac be used as the first-line treatment for acute renal colic in patients in whom the medication is not contraindicated. ( info)

5/137. A rare cause of biliary pain in belgium.

    ascaris lumbricoides is the most frequent human helminthic parasite. Usually human ascariasis is poorly symptomatic but complications can arise due to worm migration. Erratic worm migration into the biliary tree is a rare but threatening condition regarding the associated complications: cholecystitis, pancreatitis, obstruction of bile ducts, liver abcesses and recurrent pyogenic cholangitis. We describe a case of a young belgian women suffering from recurrent biliary colics over a period of eight months with repeated normal ultrasound findings. ERCP proved being the only effective diagnostic procedure for a living biliary worm, which was successfully removed with a balloon catheter. ( info)

6/137. Intrasphincteric botulinum toxin type A for the diagnosis of sphincter of oddi dysfunction: a case report.

    Biliary-type pain from sphincter of oddi dysfunction is not uncommon after cholecystectomy. An increased basal pressure of sphincter of Oddi manometry establishes the diagnosis and treatment is usually by endoscopic sphincterotomy. Both procedures carry a significant complication rate. A few patients with elevated sphincter pressure do not respond to therapy; the source of their pain may be elsewhere. This case report describes the use of intrasphincteric botulinum toxin injection for the diagnosis of sphincter of oddi dysfunction in a patient after repeated attempts at manometry had failed. This may provide a safe and easy method of determining whether sphincter of oddi dysfunction may be the cause of biliary pain in post/ cholecystectomy patients and help select patients who would benefit from subsequent sphincter ablation, without the risks of sphincter of Oddi manometry. prospective studies are first needed. ( info)

7/137. Cirsoid renal arteriovenous malformation treated by endovascular embolization with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate.

    The authors report a rare case of renal arteriovenous malformation (rAVM) which was diagnosed by arteriography years after onset of intermittent haematuria. The rAVM of the cirsoid type was superselectively catheterized and embolized in toto with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate. diagnostic imaging modalities and the technique of embolization are discussed. ( info)

8/137. Renal infarction: an uncommon mimic presenting with flank pain.

    A 39-year-old woman arrived to the emergency department complaining of a constant, progressive, left flank pain, with no beneficial effect from spasmolytic and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Two years before, she suffered another episode of right flank pain and stranguria, but instrumental examinations (ultrasonography, urography) remained negative. Besides a mild tenderness in the left flank, physical examination was normal. blood chemistry panel showed leukocytosis (17.2 x 10(3) mL, neutrophils 82.8%) and a slight increase of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (543 U/L versus 230 to 460 U/L). Urinanalysis showed a slight hemoglobinuria (0.5 mg/dL), and sediment contained some red cells and leukocytes. Diagnostic examinations (ultrasonography, computed tomography) showed a left renal nonhomogeneous space-occupying lesion, orientative for renal malignancy. She was transferred to the urology department and operated. Both intraoperatory and histological diagnosis was ischemic infarction and, after exclusion of all possible underlying causes, final diagnosis was idiopathic renal infarction. Diagnostic procedures and literature reports are discussed. ( info)

9/137. Pethidine reverses morphine-induced delirium.

    A young patient had unexpected and prolonged postoperative delirium apparently associated with morphine-induced biliary colic. naloxone had no therapeutic effect, but a small dose of pethidine produced a dramatic return to lucidity. Unrecognized biliary spasm should be considered as a cause of agitation in the recovery room in postoperative patients who have received morphine. ( info)

10/137. Meckel's diverticulum mimicking infantile colic: sonographic detection.

    We report a case of Meckel's diverticulum in a 6-month-old girl who presented with a 5-month history of chronic screaming but no symptoms or signs of intestinal obstruction. Infantile colic was the presumptive diagnosis. Abdominal sonography at 6 months of age demonstrated an abdominal mass with an anechoic center and a double-layered wall, surrounded by bowel loops. Abdominal CT and barium enema x-ray studies demonstrated nonspecific findings of a cystic mass with compression of adjacent bowel loops. Histologic examination of the resected mass revealed a Meckel's diverticulum with a perforation sealed off by the neighboring bowel and mesentery to form an inflammatory mass. ( info)
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