Cases reported "Colitis, Ulcerative"

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1/1234. Shingles during the course of treatment with 6-mercaptopurine for inflammatory bowel disease.

    OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the frequency, severity, and outcome of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis treated with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) who developed shingles during treatment, and to recommend management. While varicella can be severe in young people immunocompromised by steroids, the incidence of herpes zoster in older people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and whether its severity is influenced by 6MP and azathioprine are unknown. methods: Data were collected from our IBD Center on 550 patients with IBD to identify those who developed shingles while on 6MP, its severity, the dose and duration of 6MP, and the management of the 6MP. RESULTS: Twelve of 550 patients with IBD treated with 6MP developed shingles. In two with herpes zoster ophthalmicus the pain was prolonged, and one patient developed encephalitis which was brief and uncomplicated; in nine patients the course was benign. acyclovir should be the treatment of choice even though it was available in only three cases. CONCLUSIONS: Shingles occurs more often in IBD patients treated with 6MP than in those who are not, but the course is usually benign and there has been no mortality. The 6MP should be stopped temporarily until severity is established but if the underlying disease warrants further treatment the 6MP should be restarted. ( info)

2/1234. superior mesenteric artery syndrome following ileo-anal pouch procedure.

    A rare complication following ileo-anal pouch procedure is the occurrence of superior mesenteric artery syndrome. We report a patient with ulcerative colitis who developed vascular compression of the duodenum following J-pouch construction. ( info)

3/1234. manganese intoxication during total parenteral nutrition: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    We report two cases of manganese (Mn) intoxication during total parenteral nutrition including manganese (Mn). Both patients showed parkinsonism with psychiatric symptoms and elevated serum Mn levels. T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) revealed symmetrical high intensity lesions in the globus pallidus. Discontinuation of Mn supplementation and levodopa treatment improved the symptoms and MRI abnormalities in the both patients. Thus, careful attention should be paid to the long-term intravenous administration of Mn. ( info)

4/1234. Stress and mind-body impact on the course of inflammatory bowel diseases.

    At present, the medical management of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are focused on topical, locally active antiinflammatories and systemic immunosuppressives, which are thought to exert their targeted effects in the gastrointestinal mucosa. There is a paucity of controlled trials assessing the impact of mind, central nervous system (CNS), and neuromodulation on the overly active immune response in the intestinal mucosa. patients and their physicians have long been aware of a strong association between attitude, stress, and flares of their IBD. Although reports to date remain mostly anecdotal, the degree to which mind-body influences and stress impact levels of local inflammation deserves closer attention with the aim of identifying contributing mechanisms, which may highlight new therapeutic interventions, as well as assist in identifying particular subsets of patients that may respond to novel forms of adjunctive treatments for IBD, including hypnosis, meditation, neuropeptide receptor modulation, and cortisol-releasing factor (CRF) modulation. ( info)

5/1234. Changes in bacterial enzymes and PCR profiles of fecal bacteria from a patient with ulcerative colitis before and after antimicrobial treatments.

    A 26-year-old female patient, suffering from recurrent attacks of ulcerative colitis accompanied by extraintestinal symptoms (erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangrenosum), was evaluated for the effect of antibacterial agents on the intestinal bacteria and their enzymatic activities. The enzymes were assayed both at the onset of disease symptoms and after treatment with each of five drug regimens (fluconazole and cefadroxil, cefuroxime axetil and cestriaxone sodium, ciprofloxacin and cestriaxone sodium, ciprofloxacin alone, and ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and cephalexin). The activities of azoreductase, nitroreductase, oxidoreductase, glucuronidase, and sulfatase were generally lower following all of the treatments, especially when ciprofloxacin was included. The dna from each sample was amplified by PCR, using random primers. Profiles of amplified dna on agarose gels showed different patterns, indicating differences in the microflora before and after the antimicrobial treatments. The clinical response to antibacterial therapy was consistent with the decreased bacterial enzymatic activities and changes in the microbial population. ciprofloxacin, which was associated with the most dramatic falls in enzymatic activity, also had the best clinical results. We conclude that intestinal bacteria and their enzymes play important roles in ulcerative colitis and that population changes can be monitored using PCR profiles. ( info)

6/1234. Recurrent subcutaneous abscess of the sternal region in ulcerative colitis.

    An 18-yr-old female patient with extensive ulcerative colitis suffered from several episodes of recurrent aseptic subcutaneous abscesses of the sternal region with a course paralleling that of her colitis. The abscess seemed to occur secondarily to osteomyelitis of the sternum, which is a manifestation of the synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteomyelitis (SAPHO) syndrome. ( info)

7/1234. Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans: report of a case and review of the literature.

    Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans is a benign, rare disorder characterized by a pustular eruption in the oral mucosa and vegetating plaques involving the groin and axillary folds. Its association with inflammatory bowel disease is well established. We report the case of a 49-year-old-white man with ulcerative colitis who manifested a vegetating, annular plaque in the left inguinal region of 2 months' duration. Oral examination disclosed an erythematous mucosa with multiple painful pustules involving the labial and gingival mucosa. Histopathologic study demonstrated epidermal hyperplasia and an inflammatory infiltrate composed mostly of neutrophils and eosinophils, grouped into microabscesses within the epidermis and with a bandlike configuration in the upper dermis. Results of direct and indirect immunofluorescence studies were negative. We discuss the differential diagnosis between pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans and pemphigus vegetans. ( info)

8/1234. Pyostomatitis vegetans associated with asymptomatic ulcerative colitis: a case report.

    Pyostomatitis vegetans, a rare pustular disorder of the oral mucosa, is a highly specific marker for inflammatory bowel disease and may be difficult to treat. A case of pyostomatitis vegetans in a patient with long-standing asymptomatic ulcerative colitis is presented. Complete remission was achieved with topical steroids; no systemic treatment was required. ( info)

9/1234. Changes in circulating levels of hiv, CD4, and tissue expression of hiv in a patient with recent-onset ulcerative colitis treated by surgery. Case report.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine CD4 T-cell count and circulating and tissue levels of hiv before and after surgery in a patient with recent-onset ulcerative colitis. STUDY DESIGN/methods: CD4 lymphocytes and circulating and tissue hiv rna levels were measured in an hiv-infected patient with ulcerative colitis before and after proctocolectomy. RESULTS: Approximately 3 weeks prior to surgery for ulcerative colitis that was unresponsive to corticosteroids, the patient's CD4 count was 930 cells/mm3 and fell to 313 cells/mm3 within 10 days; the viral burden was approximately 80,000 rna copies/mL. Tissue macrophages and lymphocytes in biopsy and resection specimens were shown to express high levels of hiv rna by in situ hybridization. Five days postoperatively, the patient became asymptomatic and was discharged on tapering prednisone without antiretroviral agents. After surgery, the patient's CD4 count progressively rose, while viral rna levels precipitously dropped. At 3, 6, and 15 weeks postoperatively, CD4 and viral rna counts were 622 cells/mm3 and 31,300 rna copies/mL, 843 cells/mm3 and 11,400 rna copies/mL, and 747 cells/mm3 and 1500 rna copies/mL, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of hiv and CD4 cells, as well as tissue expression of hiv, apparently can be influenced by localized inflammatory processes such as those occurring in inflammatory bowel disease. ( info)

10/1234. linear iga bullous dermatosis associated with ulcerative colitis.

    A 41-year-old woman developed skin vesicles one week before examination. She had been suffering from ulcerative colitis since the age of 30. Histologic examination of a vesicle showed a subepidermal bulla accompanied by mononuclear leukocyte infiltration intermingled with eosinophils and neutrophils. eosinophilia was also noted. Direct immunofluorescent test revealed linear deposits of IgA in the basement membrane zone. ( info)
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