Cases reported "Colloid Cysts"

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1/4. Acute torsion and necrosis of the greater omentum herniated into a foramen of Morgagni.

    Computed tomography is mandatory in the investigation of the acute abdomen and can provide the physician with crucial information to decide whether the patient should be treated surgically or conservatively. An unusual cause of acute abdomen is presented. Computed tomography suggested the diagnosis of omental torsion and necrosis. At surgery, the greater omentum and part of the transverse colon were incarcerated in a small diaphragmatic hernia of the Morgagni type.
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ranking = 1
keywords = foramen
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2/4. Rectus sheath hematoma in an elderly woman under anti-coagulant therapy.

    Rectal sheath hematoma has been a well-known clinical entity from the ruin of the ancient greece. It is relatively rare, however, to encounter this abdominal disorder in the clinical setting. Furthermore, the initial symptoms of rectus sheath hematoma are often similar to those of acute abdominal disorders. Therefore, the majority of the patients with rectus sheath hematoma have been treated with operative procedures because of the difficulty of a differential diagnosis from other abdominal disorders. We recently treated a 74-year female diagnosed with rectus sheath hematoma with the anticoagulants after an episode of cerebral infarction. From the findings of the physical examinations, ultrasound, and computed tomography, we could correctly diagnose, and could treat her with completely conservative methods without any invasive techniques. It is stressed that it is important to recognize this entity of rectus sheath hematoma when patients are examined, after complaining of acute abdominal pain and with evidence abdominal masses in the clinical setting.
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ranking = 0.04036613081462
keywords = cerebral
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3/4. Acute myeloid leukemia presenting as splenic rupture.

    We describe a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia presenting primarily as an acute abdomen due to spontaneous splenic rupture in a 19 years male patient. He was treated with splenectomy after failure of conservative management for splenic preservation but later succumbed to an intracerebral haemorrhage.
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ranking = 0.04036613081462
keywords = cerebral
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4/4. Acute presentation of tuberous sclerosis: case report.

    Incomplete form of tuberous sclerosis (TS) may present with acute complications such as haematuria, retroperitoneal haemorrhage or pneumothorax. Such cases may pose diagnostic difficulty. A patient with incomplete form of TS without any cerebral impairment who presented as an acute surgical abdomen is reported. The diagnostic criteria of TS are reviewed. Visceral manifestations of TS including acute complications are discussed. The importance of recognising such presentations is stressed.
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ranking = 0.04036613081462
keywords = cerebral
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