Cases reported "Colonic Neoplasms"

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1/929. Primary carcinoma of the colon and hyperlipemia: a paraneoplastic syndrome.

    The human counterpart of the association of hyperlipidemia with cancer is rare, as compared with the relative frequency of the syndrome in experimental animals. A case is presented of adenocarcinoma of the colon with a non casual relationship between the presence and the progression of the tumor and hyperlipemia. Surgical resection and antiblastic chemotherapy moreover seemed to influence the metabolic anomaly.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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2/929. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the ascending colon: report of a case.

    We report herein an unusual case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the ascending colon. A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for further investigations following the discovery of a mass in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen during a medical checkup. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a mass extending to the right lateral side from the ascending colon. At laparotomy, a tumor was found originating in the ascending colon and infiltrating the right lateral peritoneum. A right hemicolectomy and partial peritoneal dissection were performed followed by an ileotransverse colostomy reconstruction. The resected specimen contained a tumor measuring 7 x 5 x 4 cm, the cut surface of which was yellowish white, and the mucosa of the colon was intact. Based on histological and immunohistochemical inspection, the tumor was diagnosed as MFH of the ascending colon. We reviewed the total 18 known cases of colorectal MFH documented in the literature including our case. After surgery, 4 of 17 patients died of local recurrence, all within 42 months, indicating that early and complete excision of tumor is essential to achieve cure.
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ranking = 120.08138454177
keywords = colorectal
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3/929. Prolonged severe 5-fluorouracil-associated neurotoxicity in a patient with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency.

    5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of pyrimidine nucleosides that is widely used in the treatment of head and neck, breast, ovarian, and colon cancer. stomatitis, diarrhea, dermatitis, and myelosuppression are the main toxicities of 5-FU. A less frequent side effect that is becoming more recognized is neurologic toxicity. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of 5-FU. DPD deficiency follows an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance, and its prevalence is estimated to be 3%. Cancer patients who are receiving 5-FU treatment and are DPD deficient can develop severe side effects. The neurologic toxicity can vary from being mild to severe and prolonged. We describe the side effects of 5-FU in a colon cancer patient who suffered severe mucositis, desquamating dermatitis, prolonged myelosuppression, and neurologic toxicity that required admission to the intensive care unit. The patient remained hospitalized for 3 months. Recovery from the side effects was complete 4 months after the last 5-FU treatment. Subsequent testing revealed that this patient has an extremely low level of DPD activity (0.015 nmol/min/mg protein; mean, 0.189 nmol/min/mg protein). Because neurologic toxicity is becoming more recognized and DPD affects the catabolism of 5-FU, we discuss management issues and the use of new DPD inhibitors. We also discuss whether screening for DPD deficiency is warranted to identify patients at risk for severe toxicities from 5-FU treatment.
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ranking = 2
keywords = cancer
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4/929. Transient pseudo-hypoaldosteronism following resection of the ileum: normal level of lymphocytic aldosterone receptors outside the acute phase.

    Pseudo-hypoaldosteronism (PHA) is due to mineralocorticoid resistance and manifests as hyponatremia and hyperkalemia with increased plasma aldosterone levels. It may be familial or secondary to abnormal renal sodium handling. We report the case of a 54-year-old woman with multifocal cancer of the colon, who developed PHA after subtotal colectomy, ileal resection and jejunostomy. She was treated with 6 g of salt daily to prevent dehydration, which she stopped herself because of reduced fecal losses. One month later she was admitted with signs of acute adrenal failure, i.e. fatigue, severe nausea, blood pressure of 80/60 mmHg, extracellular dehydration, hyponatremia (118 mmol/l); hyperkalemia (7.6 mmol/l), increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (200 mg/dl) and creatininemia (2.5 mg/dl), and decreased plasma bicarbonates level (HCO3-: 16 mmol/l; N: 27-30). However, the plasma cortisol was high (66 microg/100 ml at 10:00 h; N: 8-15) and the ACTH was normal (13 pg/ml, N: 10-60); there was a marked increase in plasma renin activity (>37 ng/ml/h; N supine <3), active renin (869 pg/ml; N supine: 1.120), aldosterone (>2000 pg/ml; N supine <150) and plasma AVP (20 pmol/l; N: 0.5-2.5). The plasma ANH level was 38 pmol/l (N supine: 5-25). A urinary steroidogram resulted in highly elevated tetrahydrocortisol (THF: 13.3 mg/24h; N: 1.4 /-0.8) with no increase in tetrahydrocortisone (THE: 3.16 mg/24h; N: 2.7 /-2.0) excretion, and with low THE/THF (0.24; N: 1.87 /-0.36) and alpha THF/THF (0.35; N: 0.92 /-0.42) ratios. The number of mineralocorticoid receptors in mononuclear leukocytes was in the lower normal range for age, while the number of glucocorticoid receptors was reduced. Small-bowel resection in ileostomized patients causes excessive fecal sodium losses and results in chronic sodium depletion with contraction of the plasma volume and severe secondary hyperaldosteronism. Nevertheless, this hyperaldosteronism may be associated with hyponatremia and hyperkalemia suggesting PHA related to the major importance of the colon for the absorption of sodium. In conclusion, this case report emphasizes 1) the possibility of a syndrome of acquired PHA with severe hyperkalemia after resection of the ileum and colon responding to oral salt supplementation; 2) the major increase in AVP and the small increase in ANH; 3) the strong increase in urinary THF with low THE/THF and alpha THF/THF ratios; 4) the normal number of lymphocytic mineralocorticoid receptors outside the acute episode.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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5/929. radiation induced liver injury detected by particulate reticuloendothelial contrast agent.

    radiation induced liver injury detected by a particulate reticuloendothelial MR contrast agent is described in a patient with metastatic colon cancer. The irradiated hepatic parenchyma failed to darken after ferumoxide administration. This finding suggests that detection of metastatic disease after ferumoxide contrast agents may be impaired in patients who have previously received upper abdominal radiation treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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6/929. Squamous-cell carcinoma of the colon responsive to combination chemotherapy: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: The majority of colorectal neoplasms diagnosed are adenocarcinomas. Other histologies such as squamous, adenosquamous, carcinoid tumors, or lymphoid tumors are occasionally identified. Given the rarity of squamous-cell tumors, it is very difficult to study their natural course and response to therapy. An attempt is made to describe the frequency, anatomic location, and response to therapy with a review of the literature. methods: From the Cancer Registry at the University of missouri-Columbia Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, tumors of the colon identified above the dentate line were selected for chart review. Data were extracted from cases between the years 1940 and 1996. The key terms used to identify cases were epidermoid, squamous cell, and cancer of the rectum or colon. Using this approach, forty patients were identified and each record was reviewed. RESULTS: The majority of these cases were anal cancers with proximal extension into the rectum and were excluded. Of 4,561 cases of epithelial colon and rectal cancers identified, only one additional case of squamous-cell cancer could be verified. In this report we describe a patient with a primary squamous-cell carcinoma of the sigmoid colon with metastatic disease to the liver at diagnosis who responded to systemic chemotherapy. We believe this to be the first reported case of this rare tumor type in which the patient's tumor responded to systemic chemotherapy. Two cases with a thorough review of literature are presented. CONCLUSIONS: Primary squamous-cell carcinoma of the colon is a rare malignancy of unknown cause and pathogenesis. Metastatic tumors to the colon should be ruled out in all cases before therapy. Early detection and surgery remain the main therapeutic options, but as presented in our case, response to chemotherapy in advanced disease is encouraging.
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ranking = 125.85279511081
keywords = colorectal, neoplasm, cancer
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7/929. Rapid growth of residual colonic tumor after incomplete mucosal resection.

    We report an 89-year-old man with colon cancer that developed rapidly after an incomplete endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), and discuss the adverse effect of this maneuver on the tumor biology. A sessile polyp, 15 mm in size, was detected at the hepatic flexure. EMR was performed immediately. Histological examination showed well differentiated adenocarcinoma with an adenomatous component invading the submucosal layer. There was vascular invasion (positive on elastica van Gieson staining) and the surgical margin was positive for cancer. A right hemicolectomy was performed. The surgical specimen showed the residual tumor, 22 mm in diameter. The relevant histopathological findings of the surgical specimen were: well differentiated adenocarcinoma, with partly mucinous carcinoma and a tubular adenomatous component, depth muscularis propria (mp), lymph node (LN) (0/9). Most of the submucosally invasive cancer was resected by the initial EMR, but the small residual tumor showed rapid growth within only 3 months after the EMR. It was assumed that the residual tumor cells had acquired more malignant characteristics after EMR. In regard to EMR we propose that: (1) except for patients who are at high risk for a major operation, EMR should be avoided for carcinoma with massive submucosal invasion, (2) colonic resection should be performed immediately when histology shows a positive surgical margin for carcinoma, and (3) patients operated after an incomplete EMR should be watched very carefully for the detection of recurrence.
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ranking = 3
keywords = cancer
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8/929. External beam radiotherapy for pelvic node recurrence after curative resection of colon cancer: report of a case.

    The role of radiotherapy in locally advanced or recurrent colon cancer has not yet been determined. A 59-year-old man undergoing curative resection for advanced descending colon cancer had pelvic lymph node metastasis detected by computed tomography 5 months postoperatively. Intravenous chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil and CDDP was repeated bimonthly for 7 months; however, his condition deteriorated progressively. External beam radiotherapy (50 Gy) was started thereafter. His serum carcinoembryonic antigen level decreased promptly and abdominal computed tomography showed apparent shrinkage of the metastatic pelvic node with calcification. The patient maintained a partial response for at least 12 months. radiotherapy has a more crucial role in the treatment of a subgroup of recurrent colorectal tumors.
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ranking = 126.08138454177
keywords = colorectal, cancer
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9/929. colon carcinoma cutis: a case report.

    The occurrence of cutaneous metastasis from colon cancer is rare especially when located on the extremities. Cutaneous metastasis typically signifies widespread disease and poor prognosis. Although uncommon, carcinoma cutis must be considered in any patient with a history of carcinoma who presents with a new skin eruption. Diagnostic biopsy is essential, inasmuch as the appearance of these lesions is not distinctive. We present a patient with known colon cancer and the new onset of papules on her right lower extremity.
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ranking = 2
keywords = cancer
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10/929. Surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer.

    We report four surgically resected cases of a metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer. Two patients (Cases 1 and 2) were admitted for surgical treatment for pulmonary metastases from colon cancer, and the other two (Cases 3 and 4) were for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma. In only one patient (Case 3), one lesion among the multiple shadows on the preoperative computed tomography examination was rather strongly suspected to be primary lung cancer. In three patients (Cases 1, 2 and 3), one of the resected lesions in each individual case was diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma by an intraoperative examination using frozen sections, and was later histologically confirmed. In Case 4, one of the resected lesions was postoperatively determined to be lung adenocarcinoma. All coexisting lung cancers, treated with partial resection of the lung, were well-differentiated small-sized adenocarcinoma (T1N0), while the other lesions resected in each case were metastases from the individual cancer. Problems in preoperative diagnosis and surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer are discussed.
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ranking = 10
keywords = cancer
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