Cases reported "Colonic Neoplasms"

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1/262. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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2/262. Cardiac myxoma with glandular component: case report and review of the literature.

    A 7 cm diameter tumor of the left atrium is reported in a 78 year-old woman with a past history of pT3N1M0 colonic adenocarcinoma. The histological examination of the atrial tumor disclosed areas of highly vascularized myxoid stroma with cells strongly reactive for vimentin. Multiple mucoid spaces lined by a single layer of goblet cells were scattered among those typical areas of myxoma. No nuclear atypia was observed. cytoplasm of the glandular cells was immunoreactive for epithelial antisera (keratin, EMA), CEA and CA19.9. Two years later, the patient was doing well, with no local recurrence of the cardiac myxoma and no secondary location of the colonic adenocarcinoma. The histological characteristics, the absence of atypia, the absence of tumoral extension or neoplastic lymphatic vascular thrombi in the pedicle or in the interatrial septum, and the finding of typical myxomatous areas supported the diagnosis of cardiac myxoma with glandular component. To our knowledge, 21 cases of myxoma with glandular mucinous component, focal or prominent, have been previously published in the literature. These myxoma were generally sporadic cases with the same clinical features and prognosis as typical myxoma. Immunoreactivity of these glandular structures was constant for epithelial markers. The positive immunostaining by CEA, and by CA19.9 in our case, reflects the histogenetic endodermal origin.
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ranking = 0.010661672299272
keywords = lymphatic
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3/262. External beam radiotherapy for pelvic node recurrence after curative resection of colon cancer: report of a case.

    The role of radiotherapy in locally advanced or recurrent colon cancer has not yet been determined. A 59-year-old man undergoing curative resection for advanced descending colon cancer had pelvic lymph node metastasis detected by computed tomography 5 months postoperatively. Intravenous chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil and CDDP was repeated bimonthly for 7 months; however, his condition deteriorated progressively. External beam radiotherapy (50 Gy) was started thereafter. His serum carcinoembryonic antigen level decreased promptly and abdominal computed tomography showed apparent shrinkage of the metastatic pelvic node with calcification. The patient maintained a partial response for at least 12 months. radiotherapy has a more crucial role in the treatment of a subgroup of recurrent colorectal tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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4/262. Colon carcinoma cutis: a case report.

    The occurrence of cutaneous metastasis from colon cancer is rare especially when located on the extremities. Cutaneous metastasis typically signifies widespread disease and poor prognosis. Although uncommon, carcinoma cutis must be considered in any patient with a history of carcinoma who presents with a new skin eruption. Diagnostic biopsy is essential, inasmuch as the appearance of these lesions is not distinctive. We present a patient with known colon cancer and the new onset of papules on her right lower extremity.
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ranking = 2
keywords = metastasis
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5/262. Peritoneal recurrence of colon cancer detected by positron emission tomography: report of a case.

    Increased glucose metabolism has been reported to occur in association with colorectal cancer. As positron emission tomography (PET) using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose is able to depict hypermetabolic sites, it can therefore be used to detect colorectal cancer. A 69-year-old male patient with a recurrent solitary liver metastasis from colon cancer underwent whole-body PET which revealed high [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the lesion. Furthermore, PET revealed peritoneal metastases that had not been detected by conventional imaging methods. Consequently, PET proved useful in helping us to avoid performing unnecessary treatment for the liver metastasis. Although it is uncertain whether early identification of recurrence can prolong survival, it may help to prevent unnecessary treatments being carried out. Thus, the application of PET in carefully selected patients could be beneficial to the management of recurrent colorectal cancer.
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ranking = 2
keywords = metastasis
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6/262. Sigmoid colon cancer associated with primary hyperparathyroidism: report of a case.

    We present herein a case of sigmoid colon cancer associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). PHP is known to be associated with malignancy, and decreased intracolonic calcium (Ca) resulting from increased vitamin d (VD) levels may play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. PHP was diagnosed in this patient by preoperative screening blood chemistry examination. The blood level of intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) was elevated and a parathyroid gland scintigram demonstrated abnormal uptake near the right lower lobe of the thyroid. There was no evidence of bone metastasis, and a sigmoid colectomy was performed with curative intent. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without a critical elevation of the serum Ca level. This case report suggests that a relationship exists between PHP and colon cancer, and the possible mechanisms of this association are presented in our discussion.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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7/262. Ossifying intramuscular metastasis from colon cancer: report of a case.

    PURPOSE: This report presents a patient who developed severe buttock pain because of an ossified intramuscular metastasis from a sigmoid colon cancer. methods: This is a case report and review of the literature for intramuscular metastasis from colon cancer. RESULTS: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a soft-tissue mass with heavy calcification. Histologically, mature compact bone was observed with adenocarcinoma cells dispersed among the bony trabeculae. CONCLUSION: When an intramuscular mass is seen, even if it contains extensive calcification, metastasis from colon cancer should be included in differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 7
keywords = metastasis
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8/262. Carcinoma of the colon with synchronous hepatic metastasis in a cirrhotic liver harboring a hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Tumor metastasis to a cirrhotic liver is rare. It has been suggested that colorectal cancer does not metastasize to the cirrhotic liver. We reported a 65 year-old man, a known carrier of hepatitis b surface antigen, diagnosed to have hepatocellular carcinoma with routine screening. A partial hepatectomy with resection of segments VI and VII was performed. The hepatectomy specimen revealed a 4.5 cm diameter HCC in a cirrhotic liver. Incidentally, 0.8 cm diameter ulcer at the descending colon. Histological examination of the left hemicolectomy specimen showed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
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ranking = 5
keywords = metastasis
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9/262. The significance of incidental noncardiac findings in Tc-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging: illustrated by a case.

    technetium 99m sestamibi is widely used in the evaluation of myocardial perfusion imaging. Although the aim of such imaging is cardiac evaluation, numerous other organs are included in the imaging field. Failure to identify incidental abnormal findings in these organs delays diagnosis and treatment. In common with other radiopharmaceutical agents, technetium 99m sestamibi is distributed throughout the body and accumulates in multiple tissues. When interpreting studies that involve this radiotracer, the physician must be aware of its physiologic distribution, in order to recognize abnormal uptake. We present an illustrative case in which areas of decreased tracer activity were noted incidentally during the evaluation of unprocessed single photon emission computed tomography data. These findings were due to metastasis of colon cancer to the liver.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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10/262. The use of microsatellite instability in the distinction between synchronous endometrial and colonic adenocarcinomas.

    The association of endometrial carcinoma with other gynecologic neoplasms, especially ovarian and fallopian tube carcinoma, has been well documented and is usually interpreted as a result of a field defect. Sporadic synchronous primary carcinomas occurring in the endometrium and colon are extremely rare, especially in the absence of the familial genetic abnormalities seen in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) syndrome, and may present a diagnostic dilemma. Two cases of synchronous adenocarcinomas of the endometrium and colon were studied for genetic abnormalities and differences to test for the presence of two primary tumors. Primary tumors, metastases, and normal tissues were microdissected from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. PCR amplification was performed for microsatellite dna markers on chromosome 17q and 11q13. The colonic tumors were moderately and poorly differentiated, invasive, nonmucinous adenocarcinomas, whereas one uterine tumor was endometrioid adenocarcinoma and the other was papillary serous carcinoma. Although microsatellite instability, as evidenced by changes in the lengths of the amplified PCR products, was detected at 17q and 11q13 loci in the uterine and colonic neoplasms, the patterns of instability differed between the two primary tumor sites. Moreover, the lymph node metastasis in one colonic tumor had genetic alterations that differed from that of the primary tumor. In both patients, the molecular studies suggested the presence of two synchronous primary tumors. Molecular techniques may assist in distinguishing two separate primaries by determining the contraction and expansion of microsatellite regions in dna obtained by microdissection from the primary tumors and associated metastases.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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