Cases reported "Common Bile Duct Diseases"

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1/52. Choledochoduodenal fistula at the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb: a rare complication of duodenal ulcer.

    A 38 year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of epigastralgia. His laboratory data revealed leukocytosis and increased serum amylase, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed diffuse swelling of the pancreas. Thus, he was diagnosed as having acute pancreatitis. Moreover, abdominal computed tomography showed pneumobilia in the gallbladder and the common bile duct. Gastroduodenal fiberscopy demonstrated peptic ulcer scars around a foramen with smooth margins at the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb. The bile juice flowed from the bottom of the foramen. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed the fistula between the common bile duct and the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb, but not the posterior wall. However, there was no pancreatico-biliary maljunction and no stones in the gallbladder or bile duct. This is a rare case of choledochoduodenal fistula at the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb caused by duodenal peptic ulcer disease.
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2/52. gallbladder carcinoma with choledochoduodenal fistula: a case report with surgical treatment.

    A 79 year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of upper abdominal pain and nausea. A mobile tumor was palpable in the right upper abdomen. Abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography and celiac angiography revealed a gallbladder tumor. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed a fistula 1.5 cm oral to the orifice of the papilla of Vater, dilatation of the common bile duct, and a filling defect in the gallbladder. Pancreatoduodenectomy associated with reconstruction using Imanaga's method was performed under a pre-operative diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma with choledochoduodenal fistula. The gallbladder contained a tumor and two bilirubin stones impacted in the orifice of the duodenal papilla. Histological studies confirmed that the gallbladder tumor was a mucinous adenocarcinoma and had not infiltrated the bile duct. We speculated that choledochoduodenal fistula stimulated the development of cancer due to chronic irritation from pancreatic juice reflux.
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3/52. Laparoscopic repair of cholecystoduodenal fistula: report of two cases.

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has become the standard of care for benign gallbladder disease. patients AND methods: We treated two middle-aged women having acute exacerbations of chronic gallbladder disease with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A cholecystoduodenal fistula was diagnosed intraoperatively in each case. These fistulae were repaired laparoscopically using an endoscopic stapling device without complication. RESULTS: Each patient did well postoperatively and was discharged to home on the second postoperative day in good condition. CONCLUSIONS: Biliary-enteric fistula is a known complication of chronic gallbladder disease that is traditionally considered a contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, we believe laparoscopic repair to be a safe and effective approach in the hands of surgeons with significant laparoscopic experience.
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4/52. Duodenal tuberculosis with a choledocho-duodenal fistula.

    A 22-year-old man visited our hospital (National Cancer Center Hospital East) complaining of fatigue and anorexia. A laboratory investigation demonstrated a biochemical 'picture' of obstructive jaundice. An abdominal CT showed a low density mass in the retropancreatic area with multiple enlarged periportal lymph nodes. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed active ulceration on the dorsal wall of the descending part of the duodenum, and histopathology of the biopsy specimen revealed an ulcer with reactive inflammatory cell infiltration; no tumor cells were detected. The possibility of neoplasm had been ruled out by the use of CT and angiography. The jaundice recovered spontaneously and the abdominal mass gradually decreased in size. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography showed no evidence of pancreatic disease; however, endoscopic retrograde cholangiography showed a choledocho-duodenal fistula. This patient showed hypersensitivity against the tuberculin skin test and mycobacterium tuberculosis was successfully detected in gastric juice by using a polymerase chain reaction method and culture. biopsy samples obtained from the duodenal ulcer at the second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed chronic inflammation with an epithelioid granuloma, suggesting tuberculosis. We thus diagnosed this case as a duodenal tuberculosis with a choledocho-duodenal fistula. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no report available of duodenal tuberculosis being the cause of a choledocho-duodenal fistula.
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5/52. Periampullary choledochoduodenal fistula in ampullary carcinoma.

    Most patients with ampullary carcinoma have obstructive jaundice without cholangitis. We experienced a patient with ampullary carcinoma who presented with obstructive jaundice and cholangitis, probably because of an accompanying periampullary choledochoduodenal fistula. A 77-year-old Japanese man had jaundice, high fever, and upper abdominal pain and was diagnosed, at another hospital, with obstructive cholangitis. On admission to our hospital, his symptoms and signs had subsided spontaneously. Abdominal ultrasonography showed cholecystolithiasis and dilatation of the common bile duct. duodenoscopy showed an ulcerating tumor at the oral prominence of the ampulla of vater and a periampullary choledochoduodenal fistula at the bottom of the ulcer. biopsy from the fistula showed well differentiated adenocarcinoma. With a diagnosis of ampullary carcinoma with fistula formation, the patient underwent pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The diagnosis was confirmed by histology. This communication presents a unique case of ampullary carcinoma that caused obstructive jaundice, which subsided spontaneously but was associated with cholangitis caused by the divergent effects of the periampullary choledochoduodenal fistula formed by the carcinoma.
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6/52. Pyloric atresia associated with multiple intestinal atresias and pylorocholedochal fistula.

    Although congenital pyloric atresia commonly occurs in isolation, it has rarely been reported in association with other alimentary tract atresias. This is a report of a newborn with congenital pyloric atresia associated with duodenal atresia, jejunal atresia, apple-peel ileal atresia, and pylorocholedochal fistula. Preoperative diagnosis was duodenal atresia because of bilious vomiting, and erect radiogram showed double bubble sign. The presented case is the first report of such an association.
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7/52. mirizzi syndrome with a double biliary fistula.

    mirizzi syndrome is a partial obstruction of the biliary tree caused by a stone impacted in the cystic duct, with or without development of a cholecystobiliary fistula. Clinical signs are non-specific and suggest at first an obstructive jaundice. We describe a patient with a type I mirizzi syndrome with a cholecystocolic and a cholecysto-internal biliary fistula. The diagnosis was suggested by ultrasonography and tomodensitometry, and confirmed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A partial cholecystectomy with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy reconstruction was performed. A review of the literature covering its clinical presentation, diagnosis and surgical treatment is presented.
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8/52. Multiple giant duodenal gallstones causing gastric outlet obstruction: Bouveret's minefield revisited.

    gastric outlet obstruction caused by a gallstone impacted in the duodenum is a rare entity known as Bouveret's syndrome. We report the unusual case of multiple large gallstones impacted in the duodenum from a cholecystoduodenal fistula in an 83-year-old lady. A high index of suspicion allowed for prompt diagnosis. Early surgical intervention was instituted because if the size and number of gallstones with an excellent outcome. The surgical strategies and underlying pitfalls underlying the management of this syndrome are critically reviewed and discussed.
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9/52. Laparoscopic repair of various types of biliary-enteric fistula: three cases.

    Biliary-enteric fistula is one of the reasons for converting from laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open surgery. Here we present three cases of various types of biliary-enteric fistula treated successfully by laparoscopic surgery. Two cases were diagnosed preoperatively, and the remaining case intraoperatively. The first patient had a cholecystoduodenal fistula with a common bile duct stone. The second patient had cholecystocolic and choledochoduodenal fistulas with a common bile duct stone, and the third patient had a cholecystogastric fistula. The fistulas were repaired laparoscopically by intracorporeal suturing or with an endoscopic linear stapling device. All the patients had good postoperative courses without any postoperative complication. Our experience has shown us that with advances in surgical skills and instruments, laparoscopic surgery for biliary-enteric fistula can be adopted as the first treatment choice regardless of the preoperative diagnosis.
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10/52. Successful treatment of pancreatobiliary fistula by endoscopic stenting.

    An unusual pancreatobiliary fistula occurred as a complication of chronic pancreatitis. Endoscopic papillotomy was performed and a plastic endoprosthesis was inserted into the main pancreatic duct. The pancreatic stenting led to the closure of the fistula and no additional surgical treatment was necessary.
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