Cases reported "Common Cold"

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1/17. Relapsing polychondritis diagnosed by Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy.

    PURPOSE: Relapsing polychondritis is a generalized recurring disease of cartilage that involves joints, trachea, bronchi, laryngeal cartilages, costal cartilages, and cartilages of the ear and nose. It is associated with autoimmune diseases, including hashimoto disease in some cases. methods: The authors evaluated a 29-year-old man with relapsing polychondritis who had symptoms and signs of a common cold for 2 months and anterior chest pain near the sternum for 1 month. RESULTS: After the diagnosis, the authors found that the patient had a history of thyroid therapy for hyperthyroidism 15 years before. Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy performed to evaluate anterior chest pain showed diffusely increased accumulation of radioactivity in all costocartilages and sternoclavicular joints. Based on that information, relapsing polychondritis was diagnosed. Ga-67 citrate scintigraphy was preformed to determine the optimum biopsy site of the cartilage. The diagnosis was histologically supported by the results of the open biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: In this case, Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy was useful for diagnosing relapsing polychondritis, and Ga-67 citrate scintigraphy was helpful in determining the biopsy site.
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2/17. A case of toxic epidermal necrolysis-type drug eruption induced by oral lysozyme chloride.

    We report a case of toxic epidermal necrolysis-type drug eruption. A 23-year-old man took an oral over-the-counter preparation for the common cold. A few days later, generalized erythema developed with systemic malaise and pain. A multiple blister formation followed, and Nikolsky's sign was noted on each blister. A lymphocyte stimulation test (LST) with the patient's peripheral lymphocytes strongly suggested that the eruption was attributable to lysozyme chloride which was included in the preparation taken. Following an intravenous drip of betamethasone for two weeks, the eruptions improved favorably.
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3/17. ileus after administration of cold remedy in an elderly diabetic patient treated with acarbose.

    A 69-year-old type 2 diabetic man was admitted due to diabetic gangrane. He had a history of subtotal gastrectomy. During hospitalization, he was treated with regular insulin and 300 mg/day of acarbose. He developed a low grade fever, cough and nasal discharge, and was given a compound "cold" remedy with anticholenergic properties. The next day, he suffered from a paralytic ileus. Oral intake and acarbose were withheld and the ileus spontaneously resolved after 2 days. These finding indicate the possibility that the ileus was triggered by drugs with anticholinergic properties in this elderly diabetic patient treated with alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.
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keywords = cold
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4/17. Autoimmune hepatitis associated with the odour of fish food proteins: a causal relationship or just a mere association?

    We present the case of a 15-year-old boy [HLA phenotype: A 1, 25 (10); B 18, 8; C 7; DR 17 (3), 6] with classic (type 1) autoimmune hepatitis presumably caused by a long-term exposure to the strong odour of food fed to a large number of tropical fish which that the boy kept in tanks in his bedroom. The boy presented with a history of recent symptoms of common cold, and a high cytomegalovirus-IgG titer, both known to activate proinflammatory cytokines. The patient's laboratory results and physical findings improved without specific treatment during his first stay in the hospital for several weeks, as well as when the thanks were removed from his bedroom while disease activity increased after his return home. This suggests that the association with fish food odour (putative volatile protein antigens) was not simply coincidental. Our patien's history is in agreement with the recently postulated pathomechanism of autoimmune hepatitis, according to which viral infections may trigger the disease in a genetically predisposed individuals persistently exposed to a constant antigenic stimulus, which results in ongoing allergic inflammation and finally develops into an immune process. The spontaneous remissions observed in our patient were characteristic of the natural course of autoimmune hepatitis and may reflect periods when he was not exposed to the eventually harmful effects of the odour of fish food proteins.
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5/17. Sudden death in a 35-year-old man with occult malformation of the brain and aseptic meningitis.

    A 35-year-old man was found dead by his wife. He was reported to have had symptoms of a common cold the week preceding his death. The medicolegal autopsy yielded signs of central dysregulation (ectasia of the urinary bladder and rectum, dystelectasis of the lungs) together with marked brain edema and fresh bite marks on the tongue. The cause of death was presumed to be lethal epileptic seizure. Neuropathologic examination revealed neuronal nodular heterotopia as well as discrete lymphocytic meningitis (aseptic meningitis). The death was most probably caused by the combination of the meningitis with the occult malformation, leading to a lowered seizure threshold and subsequent lethal seizure. The morphologic findings of this case are presented, and the probable mechanisms of death are discussed.
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6/17. coronavirus 229E-related pneumonia in immunocompromised patients.

    Coronaviruses strains 229E and OC43 have been associated with various respiratory illnesses ranging from the self-resolving common cold to severe pneumonia. Although chronic underlying conditions are major determinants of severe respiratory virus infections, few data about coronavirus-related pneumonia in immunocompromised patients are available. Here we report 2 well-documented cases of pneumonia related to coronavirus 229E, each with a different clinical presentation. diagnosis was made on the basis of viral culture and electron microscopy findings that exhibited typical crown-like particles and through amplification of the viral genome by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. On the basis of this report, coronaviruses should be considered as potential causative microorganisms of pneumonia in immunocompromised patients.
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7/17. zinc gluconate and the common cold: a controlled clinical study.

    A report in 1984 on the success of zinc gluconate against common cold symptoms could not be confirmed in three subsequent studies, which are now known to have used formulations that inactivated zinc. A non-chelating formulation including glycine, which releases 93% of contained zinc into saliva, was tested in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in 73 young adults. Efficacy was recorded in symptom diaries using a symptom severity rating. patients' symptoms first appeared 1.34 days prior to entry to the study in both groups. Disappearance of symptoms occurred after an additional 4.9 days for zinc-treated patients versus 6.1 days for placebo-treated patients. A difference was noted in the efficacy of treatment if it was started 1 day after symptom onset: cold duration was an additional 4.3 days in zinc-treated patients compared with 9.2 days for placebo-treated patients. cough, nasal drainage and congestion were the symptoms most affected, and only mild side-effects were noted.
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keywords = common cold, cold
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8/17. life-threatening vocal cord paralysis in a patient with group A xeroderma pigmentosum.

    We report a 19-year-old male with group A xeroderma pigmentosum who presented life-threatening vocal cord paralysis. At 3 months of age, he became sensitive to sunlight, and at the age of 4 years he was diagnosed with group A xeroderma pigmentosum. The neurologic symptoms progressed slowly thereafter. From the age of 18 years, he reported the development of occasional episodic inspiratory stridor and dyspnea, but the cause remained unknown. At the age of 19, he had a common cold and became severely dyspneic and cyanotic. Immediate examination of the glottis upon arrival by an otorhinolaryngologist using a fibroscope indicated complete paralysis of both vocal cords, and tracheal intubation resulted in marked improvement of respiration. tracheostomy was performed thereafter. Inspiratory stridor and dyspnea are the common symptoms in this disease, and some patients with group A xeroderma pigmentosum undergo a tracheostomy, but the pathogenesis remains unknown. To our knowledge, vocal cord paralysis has never been reported in patients with group A xeroderma pigmentosum. This case is presented to illustrate the importance of fibroscopy in the examination of vocal cords in patients with group A xeroderma pigmentosum before the development of life-threatening events.
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9/17. Anosmia after intranasal zinc gluconate use.

    BACKGROUND: zinc is an essential mineral. Beneficial zinc absorption takes place via enteral, parenteral, or cutaneous routes. However, direct application to the olfactory epithelium has been reported to cause loss of smell. Recently, intranasal zinc gluconate has been recommended as a treatment for the common cold. Severe posttreatment hyposmia and anosmia have been observed. methods: The case report of a typical patient is presented and analyzed in detail, followed by a series of patients with severe hyposmia or anosmia after the use of intranasal zinc gluconate. RESULTS: Although interindividual variation in drug response and drug effect is apparent, the severe hyposmia or anosmia appears to be long lasting or permanent in some cases. The mechanism of olfactory loss is thought to be the direct action of the divalent zinc ion on the olfactory receptor cell. CONCLUSIONS: zinc ions are toxic to olfactory epithelium. Reports of severe hyposmia with parosmia or anosmia have occurred after intranasal use of zinc gluconate.
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10/17. Perilymphatic fistula in cabin attendants: an incapacitating consequence of flying with common cold.

    A perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the inner ear and the middle ear that leaks perilymph. PLF is considered rare, but is known to occur during childbirth, straining, weightlifting, head trauma, and diving with middle ear equalizing problems. It has also, anecdotally, been described in connection with flying. The symptoms are uncharacteristic vertigo and, in some cases, hearing impairment and tinnitus. This study describes four cases of PLF during a period of 6 mo in a major Scandinavian airline company employing approximately 3000 cabin attendants (CAs). None of the cases were diagnosed at the primary health care level. All were referred to the aviation Medical Center for investigation. The PLF diagnosis was based on the case history, Platform pressure Test (a fistula test), and other vestibular tests. Only one CA has been able to return to flying duties. The article emphasizes the risk of flying with poor middle ear equalization and the necessity of reminding crews and airline companies to "never fly with a common cold".
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keywords = common cold, cold
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