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1/174. Peripheral T cell lymphoma in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency disease: case report and literature review.

    This report documents the occurrence of a peripheral T cell lymphoma arising in the bone marrow and liver of a patient with common variable immunodeficiency disease. The T cell origin of this lymphoma was demonstrated by immunohistochemical phenotyping and gene rearrangement studies and was not associated with EBV infection of the lymphoma cells. The frequency and characteristics of lymphomas complicating CVID are reviewed.
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2/174. Successful treatment of persistent erythroid aplasia caused by parvovirus B19 infection in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency with low-dose immunoglobulin.

    parvovirus B19 causes persistent erythroid aplasia in immunocompromised hosts. From April through July 1996, we encountered five adult patients presenting with reticulocytopenia and fever caused by parvovirus B19 infection. The reticulocyte count of four patients with normal immunity recovered within two weeks after the onset of fever. However, in the one remaining patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVI), reticulocytopenia, and other symptoms including fever and the elevation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels persisted beyond 16 days of onset. Although the dna of parvovirus B19 was detected in the peripheral blood of the CVI patient, neither immunoglobulin Ig-G nor Ig-M antibodies specific to the virus were detectable. We administered 50 mg/kg of Ig to the CVI patient for six days. The reticulocyte count recovered promptly on the sixth day of the treatment and parvovirus B19 dna was not detectable 30 days after therapy. This indicates that although patients with CVI may be susceptible to persistent erythroid aplasia during an endemic of parvovirus B19, the complication can be treated successfully with relatively low-dose Ig.
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3/174. Selective antipolysaccharide antibody deficiency associated with peripheral blood CD5 B-cell predominance.

    BACKGROUND: Primary humoral deficiencies vary from complete absence of B cells and/or serum immunoglobulin to lacunar deficits involving specific antibody responses to polysaccharides. OBJECTIVES: We compared the B-cell CD5 expression in patients with selective antipolysaccharide antibody deficiencies (SPADs), common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), and IgG subclass deficiency and in normal control subjects. methods: Five patient populations were evaluated: (1) patients with severe SPAD (no protective serologic postvaccine response to any of 12 polysaccharide antigens tested); (2) patients with intermediate SPAD (diminished response to polysaccharide antigens and adequate response to 1 to 3 of 12 serotypes tested); (3) patients with IgG subclass deficiency; (4) patients with CVID; and (5) age-matched control subjects. blood was collected from all patients and evaluated by using flow cytometry. Results were compared by using the Student t test. RESULTS: patients with severe SPAD deficiencies had a marked predominance of CD5 B cells in the peripheral blood (93% to 97% of total B cells, n = 2). The intermediate SPAD group had a mean CD5 B-cell percentage that was significantly higher than that of the age-matched control group (87. 4%, n = 7, vs 52.5%, n = 20; P =.007). patients with CVID and IgG subclass deficiency had mean CD5 B-cell percentages that were similar to those of the age-matched control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrate that patients with SPAD had a markedly increased percentage of CD5 B cells in the peripheral blood as compared with age-matched control subjects and patients with other humoral deficiencies. This observation suggests that an association may be present between CD5 B-cell predominance and SPAD.
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4/174. Treatment of cutaneous sarcoidosis using phonophoresis.

    sarcoidosis is a multiple-system disorder of unknown origin characterized histologically by epithelioid granulomas with little or no necrosis. We describe a 32-year-old female patient with a history of systemic sarcoidosis and common variable immunodeficiency with recurrent, multiple, soft, erythematous and violaceous nodules on the back of her left hand. Her lesions responded to phonophoresis after unsuccessful treatment with topical and intralesional corticosteroids. However, nodules appeared on other parts of her body after phonophoresis was stopped, which suggests that phonophoresis had a localized rather than systemic effect.
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5/174. Cutaneous granulomatous lesions in common variable immunodeficiency: complete resolution after intravenous immunoglobulins.

    A 64-year-old man with common variable immunodeficiency developed a persistent papulonodular ulcerative eruption on the right leg. Histopathological examination disclosed a chronic inflammatory infiltrate with central necrosis and palisading granuloma. Repeated microbiological (bacteriological, mycological and mycobacteriological) studies failed to isolate any microorganism. After treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins, a progressive resolution of the skin lesions was observed with a complete clearing after 10 months. Clinicopathological features and therapeutic approaches of sterile granulomatous lesions associated with primary immunodeficiencies are reviewed.
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6/174. Acquired perforating dermatosis in diabetes mellitus: an unusual case.

    A case of elastosis perforans serpiginosa in a patient who presented with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus secondary to pancreatic insufficiency in a background of common variable immunodeficiency and endocrinopathy, as evidenced by pernicious anaemia and growth hormone deficiency, is described. In acquired perforating dermatosis occurring in patients with diabetes or renal failure, there is a spectrum of changes that may show an overlap of histological features of the four classic perforating diseases. The biopsy changes of the patient described in the present study most closely resembled those of elastosis perforans serpiginosa.
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7/174. Renal transplantation in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency.

    A 15-year-old girl developed end-stage renal disease requiring renal transplantation. Posttransplantation immunosuppression therapy consisted of antithymocyte globulin, glucocorticosteroids, cyclosporine A, and azathioprine. The patient's clinical course after transplantation was complicated by several episodes of graft rejection, chronic anemia, oral candidiasis, and numerous infections of the sinopulmonary tract that were recalcitrant to antibiotics and surgical intervention. An immunologic evaluation showed marked immune abnormalities beyond that expected by the transplant immunosuppression. Examination of serum samples taken before the transplant confirmed a diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency. The difficulties of managing posttransplantation immunosuppression in a patient with a primary immunodeficiency are discussed. patients with end-stage renal disease and a history of recurrent sinopulmonary infections may require immunologic screening before renal transplantation.
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8/174. Effect of IVIG on the hair regrowth in a common variable immune deficiency patient with alopecia universalis.

    Common variable immune deficiency (CVID) is associated with a variety of autoimmune diseases. alopecia universalis (AU), believed to have an autoimmune basis, has been found in 1.6% of patients with CVID. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy is used in various immunodeficiency disorders including CVID, and benefit has been shown in the therapy of autoimmune diseases. We report a patient with CVID and AU treated with IVIG who experienced significant hair regrowth. An 8-year-old girl with CVID and AU was treated with IVIG 400 mg/kg every 4 weeks. Since her second dose of IVIG, regrowth of eyelashes, eyebrows, body and scalp hair was observed in this patient. At present, about 1 year treat-meant of IVIG, significant hair regrowth is noted with 5-6 cm of scalp hair. We believe that IVIG may be beneficial in the treatment of AU, at least in patients with CVID.
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9/174. Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis associated with severe congenital immunodeficiency in a prepubescent subject: clinical findings and response to intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.

    common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a rare multifactorial congenital disease of genetic origin caused by an impairment in the secretion of specific immunoglobulins. It manifests systemically through recurrent respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders and autoimmune diseases. oral manifestations may include gingivitis and lichenoid lesions with Wickham's striae. The treatment for CVID is supported by using intravenous infusion of immunoglobulins (IVIG) that allows for control of the disease and avoidance of recurrent opportunistic infections. This report presents a case of necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis (NUP) in a young patient with CVID, and correlates his periodontal status with systemic conditions before and after IVIG administration during 1 year of evaluation.
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10/174. Polymorphic light eruption occurring in common variable hypogammaglobulinaemia, and resolving with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy.

    A 55-year-old woman with a past history of lower respiratory tract infections presented with a photosensitive eruption. Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) was diagnosed on the basis of the temporal relationship to sun exposure and the diagnosis was supported by positive monochromator irradiation tests in the ultraviolet A wavelength spectrum. Investigation of the patient's immune status identified low levels of all immunoglobulin (Ig) subtypes consistent with common variable hypogammaglobulinaemia. Intravenous Ig replacement therapy, instituted to minimize risks from bacterial infections, was commenced and over the ensuing months resulted in a complete resolution of the PLE. PLE is considered to represent a type IV hypersensitivity reaction directed against a cutaneous autoantigen induced by exposure to ultraviolet light. In PLE, nonspecific immunomodulatory mechanisms of intravenous Ig may be active, such as a reduction in the synthesis of cytokines and a blockage of the IgG Fc receptors on macrophages.
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