Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/3. Human rabies: a reemerging disease in costa rica?

    Two human rabies cases caused by a bat-associated virus variant were identified in September 2001 in costa rica, after a 31-year absence of the disease in humans. Both patients lived in a rural area where cattle had a high risk for bat bites, but neither person had a definitive history of being bitten by a rabid animal. Characterization of the rabies viruses from the patients showed that the reservoir was the hematophagous Vampire Bat, Desmodus rotundus, and that a sick cat was the vector.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = animal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/3. Case report: brucellosis: a re-emerging disease in thailand.

    brucellosis is a zoonotic disease prevalent in many countries, but it has been reported only once in thailand, 36 years ago. We describe here two consecutive cases of brucellosis in Bangkok, thailand. Both cases presented with prolonged fever and weight loss. blood cultures taken from 2 patients yielded brucella melitensis. The slide agglutination test of blood samples were also positive, with a titer of 1:64 for antibodies to Brucella. The first patient responded to a combination of doxycycline, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin; the other responded to doxycycline and rifampicin. brucellosis is a potential public health threat, therefore, preventive measures should be actively implemented. This clinical syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with prolonged fever, particularly those with contact to animals which could serve as reservoirs.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = animal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/3. monkeypox: a review of the history and emergence in the Western hemisphere.

    A mysterious disease was reported on May 24, 2003, when the wisconsin Division of public health (DPH) received notice of a 3-year-old girl who had been hospitalized in central wisconsin with cellulites and fever after being bitten by a prairie dog on May 13. The laboratory isolated a gram-negative bacillus, raising concerns that it might be tularemia or plague; ultimately, it was identified as an acinetobacter species and was considered to be a contaminant. Because no other such cases were reported at the time, the case was thought to be merely an isolated event. However, within two weeks, on June 2, 2003, evidence of a much wider scenario began to emerge. On that date, the wisconsin DPH received notice from the Marshfield Laboratory that the mother of the first patient had become ill on May 26 and that electron-microscopic evidence of a poxvirus was found in a skin lesion. On that same day, another report, this time from the Milwaukee Health Department, of a strange illness was received at the DPH and described the case of a meat inspector who resided in southeastern wisconsin and also was a distributor of exotic animals. By July 30, 2003, 72 confirmed or suspected cases of monkeypox had been reported in wisconsin, illinois, and indiana and represented a large outbreak. The peak in the onset of illness occurred between May 29 and June 9, 2003, and no further cases of illness have been reported in humans since June 22, 2003. Traceback investigations from the child and other patients followed the route of introduction of monkeypox into wisconsin to a distributor in illinois, who had received a shipment of exotic animals imported into the united states through texas from ghana, West africa.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = animal
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Communicable Diseases, Emerging'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.