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1/3. Management of subconjunctival haematoma by tissue plasminogen activator.

    A patient with subconjunctival haematoma related to enterovirus 70 who was treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is reported. A 46-year-old man developed a severe subconjunctival haematoma and discharge in the left eye. Investigations, including coagulation tests, showed no abnormalities apart from a high-serum antibody titre for enterovirus 70. The polymerase chain reaction demonstrated enterovirus 70 dna in resected conjunctival tissue, leading to a diagnosis of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis. The left eye was treated with a single subconjunctival injection of tPA (16 000 IU) and the subconjunctival haematoma resolved completely after 3 days. Severe subconjunctival haematoma can occur in patients with acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis due to enterovirus 70. Subconjunctival injection of tPA may be useful for the treatment of severe subconjunctival haematoma. ( info)

2/3. Complex extra-intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis in a patient with alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency.

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) can manifest with a variety of extra-intestinal disorders frequently affecting the skin, joints, and liver. An aetiologic role of alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency in chronic inflammatory bowel disease has recently been suggested. We report a patient with UC and alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency who presented with disseminated cutaneous leucocytoclastic vasculitis clinically appearing with target-like purpuric patches and haemorrhagic oedemas. In addition, he displayed acute haemorrhage of the eyes and the respiratory tract consistent with a systemic vasculitic process. Moreover, he had autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Systemic vasculitides, such as Wegener's granulomatosis, churg-strauss syndrome, and microscopic polyangiitis, could widely be excluded. Systemically administered glucocorticosteroids and azathioprine led to dramatic improvement of extra-intestinal symptoms. On the basis of alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency and UC, the present patient likely developed severe systemic vasculitis with multi-organ involvement. UC should at times be viewed within the context of a more generalized immune imbalance affecting multiple organs, and not as an isolated pathological entity. Testing for alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency in UC patients may detect individuals at higher risk of severe extra-intestinal involvement. ( info)

3/3. Isolation of a variant of enterovirus 70 from a patient during an epidemic of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis in Pune in 1991.

    We report on the isolation of enterovirus 70 (EV-70) in Pune, india in 1991. The isolate was identified by the neutralization and indirect immunofluorescent antibody tests. The isolate was found to be a prime type of the EV-70 (J670/71) which was isolated by Kono and collaborators in 1971 (Kono et al., 1974). ( info)


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