Cases reported "Contracture"

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1/501. Reversed dynamic slings. A new concept in the treatment of post-traumatic elbow flexion contractures.

    Following the successful treatment of knee-flexion contractures in haemophiliacs using an external corrective system with reversed dynamic slings, these have been adapted to treat post-traumatic elbow contractures. A case is described in which 90 degrees of fixed flexion was corrected in 1 week without discomfort. Clearly there is no need to resort to an internally applied hinge-distractor apparatus or capsulectomy if a simple external sling system is successful without complications.
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keywords = contracture
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2/501. Reliability of inferior pedicle reduction mammaplasty in burned oversized breasts.

    Heavy pendulous breasts cause physical and psychological trauma. Postburn deformity of breasts results in significant asymmetry, displacement of nipple-areola complex, due to burn scar contracture, and significant scarring; these factors add more psychological discomfort and subsequent behavioral changes. The use of the inferior pedicle procedure in burned breasts can solve many problems. The technique reduces the size of the large breast, eliminates the scar tissue by excising both medial and lateral flaps, and brings the mal-located nipple and areola to a normal position. This study stresses the possibility of harvesting the inferior dermal pedicle flap from within the postburn scar tissue without necrosis of the nipple and areola, because of the excellent flap circulation. Acceptable aesthetic appearance and retainment of nipple viability and sensitivity can be achieved with the inferior pedicle technique even with postburn deformity of the breast. The study was conducted on 11 women, all of whom had sustained deep thermal burns to the breasts and anterior torso and whose breasts were hypertrophied and pendulous.
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ranking = 0.16677113493822
keywords = contracture, deformity
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3/501. Treatment of a neck burn contracture with a super-thin occipito-cervico-dorsal flap: a case report.

    Postburn neck contractures still represent a surgical challenge due to their exposed location; and early operative treatment is necessary for both functional as well as aesthetic reasons. An excellent functional result was obtained by using a supercharged super-thin occipito-cervico-dorsal flap described by Hyakusoku to repair a large defect of the anterior neck following a very wide neck burn contracture release. In this case report, the technique and its advantages among the other reconstructive modalities are discussed briefly.
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keywords = contracture
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4/501. Surgical management of hands in children with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: use of allogeneic composite cultured skin grafts.

    Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is characterised by progressive childhood hand syndactyly and flexion contractures, which can be managed surgically but require split thickness autografts to facilitate satisfactory postoperative healing. We report on the partial substitution, for autografts, of improved composite cultured skin (CCS) allografts. The structure and preparation of these CCSs is outlined and their application in the course of 16 operations performed on 7 RDEB children with syndactyly and flexor contractures of fingers is described. hand contractures were released and web spaces were covered with local flaps and split thickness autografts, while adjacent sides of the digits and other areas, as well as donor sites were generally grafted with CCS. Morphologic and functional results with CCS were judged to be good to excellent, the average time to recurrence was increased approximately 2-fold and smaller autografts needed to be used. In addition, healed CCS-treated donor sites could provide superior donor sites for further surgery.
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keywords = contracture
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5/501. Use of a gas spring contracture correction orthosis for the management of a fixed flexion contracture of the elbow.

    This paper describes the application of low level controlled torque to an elbow contracture through the use of an active orthosis. Over a period of twenty months the lack of elbow extension range was reduced from 105 degrees to 57 degrees. A description of the important orthotic design factors which led to significant functional improvement is provided.
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keywords = contracture
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6/501. Rigid spine syndrome. Two case-reports.

    Rigid spine syndrome is characterized by massive spinal rigidity, usually most marked in the cervical region. Stiffness of the peripheral joints is sometimes present. We report two cases. Patient 1 was a 12-year-old boy diagnosed at three years of age with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy because of delayed onset of walking. contracture of the Achilles tendons, flexion contracture of the elbows, and loss of motion of the cervical spine were the main findings during the current evaluation. Radiographs of the affected joints were normal. An electrocardiogram showed an incomplete left bundle branch block. Muscle enzyme activities were moderately elevated. A myopathic pattern was seen on the electromyogram. A muscle biopsy showed muscle fiber atrophy with peri- and endomysial fibrosis. Patient 2 was a 39-year-old man with a five-year history of isolated rigidity of the cervical spine thought to be due to a spondylarthropathy. Extension was the only movement possible at the cervical spine. The peripheral joints showed no motion range limitation. Findings were normal from radiographs of the spine and sacroiliac joints, an erythrocyte sedimentation rate determination, an electromyogram, and muscle enzyme activity assays. A muscle biopsy showed muscle fiber atrophy with peri- and endomysial fibrosis. DISCUSSION: Rigid spine syndrome is rare in rheumatological practice and can simulate a number of other muscle and joint diseases. Peri- and endomysial fibrosis may be strongly suggestive, although nonpathognomonic. Involvement of the heart governs the prognosis.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = contracture
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7/501. Uncommon causes of anterior knee pain: a case report of infrapatellar contracture syndrome.

    The uncommon causes of anterior knee pain should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of a painful knee when treatment of common origins become ineffective. A case is presented in which the revised diagnosis of infrapatellar contracture syndrome was made after noting delayed progress in the rehabilitation of an active female patient with a presumed anterior horn medial meniscus tear and a contracted patellar tendon. The patient improved after the treatment program was augmented with closed manipulation under arthroscopy and infrapatellar injection of both corticosteroids and a local anesthetic. Infrapatellar contraction syndrome and other uncommon sources of anterior knee pain, including arthrofibrosis, Hoffa's syndrome, tibial collateral ligament bursitis, saphenous nerve palsy, isolated ganglions of the anterior cruciate ligament, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and knee tumors, are subsequently discussed. Delayed functional advancement in a rehabilitation program requires full reassessment of the patient's diagnosis and treatment plan. Alternative diagnoses of knee pain are not always of common origins. Ample knowledge of uncommon causes of anterior knee pain is necessary to form a full differential diagnosis in patients with challenging presentations.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = contracture
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8/501. pentazocine-induced fibromyositis and contracture.

    We report a case of myopathy, accompanied by widespread contractures predominantly involving the elbow and knee joints, following long-standing pentazocine abuse.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = contracture
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9/501. Severe, non X-linked congenital microcephaly with absence of the pyramidal tracts in two siblings.

    In two siblings (a female and a male neonate), severe microcephaly, bilateral absence of the pyramids, severe hypoplasia of the cerebral peduncles, and dysplasia of the inferior olives was found together with microphthalmia, facial malformations and multiple contractures of the extremities. In both cases, the cerebral hemispheres otherwise showed a more or less normal gyral pattern with the insula incompletely covered by the opercula, and a tom but otherwise intact corpus callosum. In case 2, congenital cataract was also observed. The present cases can be characterized as a rapidly fatal, familial syndrome, probably transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait, and have several features in common with the Neu-Laxova syndrome. They differ in having a less severe form of microcephaly, a rather normal cytoarchitecture of the cerebral cortex, an apparently normal corpus callosum, no gross cerebellar abnormalities, and no other organ malformations. The present cases belong to a group of heterogeneous syndromes which have microcephaly, ocular and facial malformations, multiple contractures, and ichthyosis-like skin in common.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = contracture
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10/501. Limb contractures in levodopa-responsive parkinsonism: a clinical and investigational study of seven new cases.

    We describe six patients with classical levodopa-responsive Parkinson's disease (PD) and one case of levodopa-responsive familial juvenile dystonia-parkinsonism with fixed contractures of the hands, feet or legs. In most patients contractures became established over a short period (2 months-2 years) but a considerable time after onset of parkinsonism (mean 13 years). Mean disease duration was 17 years, and all patients had severe levodopa-induced dyskinesias, either biphasic or peak dose, in the affected limb prior to onset of the contracture. Nerve conduction studies excluded peripheral ulnar nerve lesions in all patients with one exception, who was found to have a mild bilateral ulnar entrapment neuropathy. transcranial magnetic stimulation performed in five of the seven patients showed shorter mean central motor conduction time in the affected than in the unaffected limb. Results of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain performed in a subgroup of patients were normal, with no evidence to suggest multiple system atrophy, cerebral infarction or focal abnormalities of the basal ganglia. We conclude that hand and feet contractures are not necessarily restricted to parkinson plus syndromes and may complicate otherwise typical PD in the absence of a structural or peripheral nervous cause. Striatal dopaminergic deficiency, particularly long-standing, may have a role in the pathogenesis of limb contractures in PD.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = contracture
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