Cases reported "contusions"

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11/205. Cardiac contusion: two case vignettes.

    When patients with blunt chest trauma and suspected cardiac contusion are brought to the emergency department, focus on detecting subtle signs of myocardial dysfunction. Obtain the important first EKG, monitor for arrhythmia development, and assess for signs of failure of the right side of the heart. ( info)

12/205. Bleeding and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in childhood and adolescence.

    The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are becoming widely used in children and adolescents, with possible unexpected side effects being observed over time. SSRIs have been associated with bleeding in adults who have unremarkable routine hematologic laboratory results except abnormal bleeding time or platelet counts in few cases. Given the increase of pediatric SSRI prescriptions, in this article we describe five children, ages 8 through 15, who developed bruising or epistaxis 1 week to 3 months after starting SSRI treatment. It is possible that the effects SSRI on platelet functioning are causing the bleeding observed in some patients and/or that a separate coagulopathy is present and contributing to bleeding. The subject matter deserves future investigation. ( info)

13/205. Atlantal stenosis: a rare cause of quadriparesis in a child. Case report.

    The authors report the case of a 3-year-old boy who suffered from quadriparesis and respiratory distress after failing to execute a somersault properly. neuroimaging revealed spinal cord contusion with marked spinal canal stenosis at the level of the atlas. No subtle instability, occult fracture, or other congenital abnormalities were confirmed. spinal cord contusion with marked canal stenosis is rare, and only several adult cases have been reported. Severe stenosis at the level of the atlas may predispose individuals to severe spinal cord contusion, as occurred in our patient after sustaining trivial trauma. ( info)

14/205. Case report: natural development of osteosarcoma from precancerous lesion.

    We encountered a very rare case that suggested the natural development of osteosarcoma from a precancerous lesion. The patient presented with a huge osteosarcoma in the distal femur on the initial consultation to our hospital. He had undergone X-ray examination twice previously, due to a knee injury. The findings of the lesion detected by the first X-ray examination were similar to a fibrous cortical defect (FCD), differing from those of an osteosarcoma lesion detected by second and last X-ray examinations. We retrospectively estimated the growth rate of the FCD-like and osteosarcoma lesions and found that FCD-like lesion was not osteosarcoma, but might have been a precancerous lesion. We also speculated that this osteosarcoma lesion might have appeared 18 months before the patient consulted our hospital. ( info)

15/205. Bizarre paediatric facial burns.

    child abuse and neglect account for a significant number of paediatric burn injuries. It is of great importance because of the high mortality, high frequency of repeated abuse, as well as the physical, psychological and social sequelae that it causes. Burn abuse is often under-recognized and under-reported because it is difficult to define non-accidental injury. On the other hand, false accusation of burn abuse is extremely damaging to the family. Bizarre and unusual burn injuries can be caused by accident and should not automatically be assumed to be deliberate injury. Three boys of age 1-7 years with bizarre facial burns were admitted to the burns Unit at the Prince of wales Hospital between February 1995 and July 1999. One was burned by his baby-sitter with hot water steam and the other two were burned by their mothers with hot boiled eggs. The unusual causes of their burns raised the suspicion of child abuse and formal investigations were carried out by the Social Services Department. Detail assessment including a developmental history of the child and the psychosocial assessment of the family revealed that these three boys were burned because of poor medical advice and innocent cultural belief. ( info)

16/205. An unusual cause of bruising in an 80-year-old woman.

    PRESENTATION: a previously fit 80-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of spontaneous and extensive bruising affecting all four limbs. The severity was such that she required a transfusion of 8 units of blood. RESULTS OF INVESTIGATIONS: a markedly prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time which was only partially corrected with normal plasma; tests for lupus anticoagulant were negative. factor viii levels were reduced and the Bethesda assay indicated an acquired inhibitor to factor viii. She was treated with a combination of intravenous immunoglobulin and immunosuppression. OUTCOME: the response to treatment was excellent, with a marked reduction in anti-factor viii antibody levels and resolution of the bruising over the next few weeks. ( info)

17/205. Inguinoscrotal bruising: a sign of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage.

    A 5-day-old baby presented with right inguinoscrotal bruising. The underlying testis and cord were normal on examination. Intra-abdominal bleeding was suspected. Abdominal ultrasound showed right adrenal hemorrhage. This was managed nonoperatively and with supportive therapy; the inguinoscrotal bruising resolved spontaneously. ( info)

18/205. scurvy presenting as painful gait with bruising in a young boy.

    A case of scurvy occurred in an apparently well-nourished 5-year-old boy with normal growth parameters. Only after the diagnosis of scurvy was raised on clinical grounds did we discover the peculiar dietary habits that were responsible for his deficiency of ascorbic acid. His case is a reminder to the clinician that nutritionally based disease may occur in any socioeconomic setting and that nutritional screening remains an important part of every child's general health care. ( info)

19/205. Air bag-associated ocular trauma in children.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of children with ocular injuries related to air bag deployment. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seven patients with ocular injuries sustained in motor vehicle accidents in which air bags were deployed. methods: review of medical records. RESULTS: All patients had periocular contusions. Minor injuries included corneal abrasions (n = 5), superficial eyelid laceration (n = 1), and traumatic iritis (n = 2). Serious injuries included corneal edema (n = 1) and a traumatic hyphema with secondary glaucoma and cataract (n = 1). The latter patient required surgery. All other injuries resolved with medical therapy. All patients recovered normal visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: Serious ocular injuries in children may result from air bag deployment. Most such injuries are minor and resolve without sequela. It is recommended that infants and children travel in the rear seat of automobiles to minimize their risk of injury. ( info)

20/205. Injuries to avian researchers at Palmer Station, Antarctica from penguins, giant petrels, and skuas.

    This paper describes 5 cases of injury to seabird researchers between 1996 and 1999 at Palmer Station, Antarctica. The injuries were inflicted by 3 seabird species: the Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae); the southern giant petrel (Macronectes giganteus); and the brown skua (Catharacta lonnbergi). All injured parties were biologic researchers with previous field experience working under National science Foundation research grants; all sought medical evaluation and treatment voluntarily. The nature and frequency of such injuries seems not to have been greatly reported in the medical literature. Although these cases were largely soft tissue injuries that healed without serious complications, the possibility of exotic infections is considered. We have dubbed this constellation of injuries AVES (Antarctic Vogel [German for bird] Encounter syndrome). ( info)
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