Cases reported "Convalescence"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/10. Psychological management of the myocardial infarction patient.

    The acute coronary experience is divided into three parts. In the first, the pre-hospital phase, attention is devoted to the widespread phenomenon of patient delay. Evidence is given to indicate that the source of delay is entirely psychological and centers around the inability to decide whether or not to seek help. The second part, or hospital phase, describes the response of the patient to the various aspects of the coronary care unit, including monitoring, false alarms, witnessing and sustaining a cardiac arrest. The third phase, the post-hospital convalescence, centers on the principal psychological problem of this period, depression. Its causes, manifestations, and methods of management are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/10. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): imaging findings during the acute and recovery phases of disease.

    severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a new form of atypical pneumonia, which has become a major health crisis in East asia and canada, with the potential for becoming the next worldwide epidemic. Until the validation of diagnostic kits is completed, clinical findings, contact history, and radiologic findings are the key to diagnosis of this disease. The imaging findings on conventional radiographs and computed tomography (CT) in the acute phase as well as during recovery are presented.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/10. Improvement of postoperative analgesia during cancer surgery with Limoge's current: a personal experience.

    BACKGROUND: The anesthesiologist took advantage of a personal experience to determine whether transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation using Limoge's current (TCES-LC) improved the level of postoperative analgesia by potentiating anesthetic agents used during the intra- and postoperative phases. Included were analgesics injected through an epidural thoracic catheter (T8-T9) positioned at the end of an esophagectomy. Another reason for a self-experimentation was to be able to evaluate the psycholeptic effects of TCES-LC to gain a better understanding of the problems linked with pain during treatment. methods: The Limoge' current is bidirectional and consists of a high-frequency biphasic asymmetrical wave composed of modulated, high-frequency (166-kHz) pulse trains with a repetition cycle of 100 Hz. TCES-LC was initiated 2 hours before anesthetic induction without any tranquilizer or other medication. TCES-LC was continuously applied during the entire surgical procedure and continued 48 hours postoperatively in the intensive care unit (ICU). As the objective was not to obtain electrical anesthesia, the usual anesthetic protocol was used during surgery. RESULTS: During the initial 48 postoperative hours with continuous application of TCES-LC (D0-D1), a decrease of the epidural anesthetic dose requirement was observed for ropivacaine, and sufentanil (-25% and -60% respectively). A similar decrease in these medications was also measured on day 2 (D2), while TCESLC was terminated. This decrease was amplified day 3 (D3) for both ropivacaine and sufentanil (-50% and -73% respectively). On day 4 (D4) the epidural anesthetics were totally suppressed (1 day before the normal conventional schedule planned for by the ICU physician with this type surgery). CONCLUSION: Future clinical trials need to be conducted to show the significant advantages of TCES-LC in alternative and complementary medicine.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/10. Nursing interventions within the Mauk Model of Poststroke Recovery.

    stroke continues to be the third leading cause of death in the united states. According to the National stroke Association (NSA, 2004) and the american heart association (AHA, 2004), there are over 750,000 new or recurrent strokes per year, with many resulting in residual disability. stroke survivors often deal with the physical, psychosocial, and emotional consequences of stroke long after they have left the safety of professional rehabilitation. Patient instruction from nurses prior to discharge, while necessary, may be done at a point in the recovery process when the stroke survivor is not ready to learn how to deal with such consequences. Using the Mauk Model for Poststroke Recovery, nurses can identify which phase of recovery a survivor is in, and thus tailor care to his or her needs. The purpose of this article is to use the Mauk Model for Poststroke Recovery to present nursing interventions that are appropriate to each of the previously identified six phases of stroke recovery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/10. antibodies to an Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen synthetic peptide in infectious mononucleosis. Report of two cases.

    The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA-1) contains a region of repeating glycine and alanine amino acids. It has been shown that this region contains a major epitope of EBNA-1. With well-characterized sequential sera from two cases of acute infectious mononucleosis, a specific IgM response was detected to the EBNA-1 synthetic peptide by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Conversely, an IgG response was observed in the convalescent phase of the illness with a progressive decline of the IgM antibodies. This response was observed with heterophil-positive and heterophil-negative EBV/IM. The peptide-specific serologic response was confirmed by immunoblotting, the serial serum samples on extracts of EBV transformed B-cells. There was excellent correlation between the antipeptide ELISA and blotting techniques.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/10. Leukocyte tubuloreticular inclusions in Reye's syndrome.

    Tubuloreticular inclusions (TRI) have been observed in the rough endoplasmic reticulum of blood lymphocytes and monocytes in two cases of Reye's syndrome initiated by influenza infections. Tubuloreticular inclusions are seen in these mononuclear leukocytes during the acute phase of illness, but not during convalescence. Since TRI have been demonstrated in peripheral mononuclear leukocytes in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and certain viral infections including T-cell leukemia, it may be that the finding of TRI in Reye's syndrome reflects a viral infection and/or immune dysfunction, if such association is not proved to be fortuitous.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/10. Virologic, immunologic, and clinical observations on a patient during the incubation, acute, and convalescent phases of infectious mononucleosis.

    One patient with infectious mononucleosis (IM) was studied from the probable time of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (38 days before the onset of clinically overt disease), during the incubation and acute phases, until 6 months after clinical remission. Analysis of spontaneous outgrowth of EBV-carrying lymphoblastoid cells, by limiting dilution on feeder layer cultures, showed that virus containing B lymphocytes are already present early during the incubation period. Also low interferon serum levels were detected early after infection, and only before the onset of clinical disease. All other studied clinical laboratory and virus-associated variables were within normal range during the incubation phase, but changed to a pattern characteristic of IM in parallel to the clinical symptoms. During the acute disease EBV-associated nuclear antigen (EBNA)-positive cells could be directly detected among the lymphocytes, and antibodies to EBV antigens appeared. lymphocytes stained by monoclonal antibodies, detecting Ia-like determinants (activated cells) and suppressor cells, increased dramatically, in parallel to a strong increase of functional suppressor cell activity, measured by inhibition of blastogenesis and PWM-induced immunoglobulin production. During the acute phase there was also a decrease of spontaneous cytotoxicity against the NK-sensitive cell line K562, while cytotoxicity (spontaneous) against an autologous EBV-positive lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) was detected only during this phase. These reactions correlated to the presence of blasts, and the autologous reaction was exerted mainly by Fc-receptor-negative cells. Lymphokine production in response to EBV antigens was also initiated during the acute phase. During the convalescence period the serological and cellular immune parameters adjusted to the pattern of a normal EBV-seropositive person.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/10. Denial and rehabilitation of the post-infarction patient.

    The use of denial has been widely accepted as an adaptive and protective coping mechanism in the acute phase of myocardial infarction. Although instrumental in lowering anxiety and mortality in the acute phase of coronary care, the use of denial creates hazards for the patient in convalescence. These hazards, not well known to intensive care personnel but all too apparent to the liaison psychiatrist working in cardiovascular rehabilitation, include a high vulnerability to disruptive anxiety and even psychosis at times of transition from greater to lesser intensity nursing care and a maladaptive resistance to rehabilitation efforts in convalescence. Failure of denial under the stress of transition may produce a transient paranoid psychosis with a clear sensorium, a variant of Abram's "cardiac psychosis." maintenance of the defense in convalescence leads to noncompliance with medical advice and rejection of rehabilitation efforts, increasing the risk of reinfarction. A case report is presented illustrating both hazards. Recommendations for management include early recognition, supportive psychotherapy, education and mobilization in the acute phase of coronary care. Cardiovascular conditioning and reshaping of risk factors follow in convalescence. The physical and psychological benefits of this approach are reviewed. The adaptive value of denial in coronary patients is challenged from the long-term perspective of rehabilitation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/10. Two cases of Campylobacter mucosalis enteritis in children.

    Two cases of Campylobacter mucosalis enteritis in children are reported. The patients recovered without antimicrobial therapy. Strains were isolated only by the feces filtration technique. In one child, bactericidal antibodies to the homologous strain were detected in a convalescent-phase serum sample. C. mucosalis should be considered a primary intestinal pathogen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/10. Miller-Fisher syndrome associated with campylobacter jejuni bearing lipopolysaccharide molecules that mimic human ganglioside GD3.

    A campylobacter jejuni strain of serotype O:10 was isolated from a patient who had Miller-Fisher syndrome. In its biochemical reactions and cellular morphology, the isolate was characteristic of typical C. jejuni. antibodies against extracted lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were detected by passive hemagglutination in the acute- and convalescent-phase patient sera. By sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting with the O:10 antiserum, it was demonstrated that the strain possessed both low- and high-molecular-weight molecules. Chemical analysis of the LPS revealed that the core oligosaccharide has a terminal trisaccharide epitope consisting of two molecules of sialic acid linked to galactose, a structure reflecting the terminal region of human ganglioside GD3. As this trisaccharide is also present in LPS cores of serotype O:19 strains from patients with guillain-barre syndrome but not in cores of nonneuropathic C. jejuni, a possible role for the trisaccharide in the etiology of neuropathies is indicated, and a difference for distinguishing neuropathic strains from nonneuropathic strains may be the presence of a sialyltransferase required for the synthesis of this trisaccharide.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = phase
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Convalescence'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.