Cases reported "Corneal Edema"

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1/3. Air bag-associated ocular trauma in children.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of children with ocular injuries related to air bag deployment. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seven patients with ocular injuries sustained in motor vehicle accidents in which air bags were deployed. methods: review of medical records. RESULTS: All patients had periocular contusions. Minor injuries included corneal abrasions (n = 5), superficial eyelid laceration (n = 1), and traumatic iritis (n = 2). Serious injuries included corneal edema (n = 1) and a traumatic hyphema with secondary glaucoma and cataract (n = 1). The latter patient required surgery. All other injuries resolved with medical therapy. All patients recovered normal visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: Serious ocular injuries in children may result from air bag deployment. Most such injuries are minor and resolve without sequela. It is recommended that infants and children travel in the rear seat of automobiles to minimize their risk of injury.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hyphema
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2/3. Herpes zoster sine herpete presenting with hyphema.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of herpes zoster sine herpete presenting with hyphema. methods: A 69-year-old man was referred for traumatic hyphema and corneal edema in his left eye after a sandblast exposure three weeks previously. Slit-lamp examination demonstrated hyphema, anterior chamber inflammation, mid-dilated pupil, impaired corneal sensation, and high intraocular pressure, without any facial skin lesions. iris fluorescein angiography revealed tortuosity and extensive occlusion of iris vessels. The patient was treated with oral acyclovir and intensive topical steroids with a presumed diagnosis of severe herpes zoster uveitis. RESULTS: Clinical findings improved dramatically within several days. Typical sectorial iris atrophy with pupillary sphincter dysfunction and complete loss of corneal sensation developed after the resolution of intraocular inflammation. CONCLUSION: herpes zoster should be considered in patients with uveitis and hyphema even in the absence of typical skin rash.
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ranking = 8
keywords = hyphema
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3/3. Spontaneous hyphema: an unusual complication of uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis.

    Two patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and recurrent uveitis had rubeosis iridis each with an episode of spontaneous hyphema. Rubeosis iridis has been reported to occur in some cases of uveitis, but it has not been seen in those associated with AS. We suggest that AS be included among the conditions that can lead to the development of rubeosis iridis, with consequent silent hyphema.
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ranking = 6
keywords = hyphema
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