Cases reported "Craniofacial Dysostosis"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/288. Deletion of 1q in a patient with acrofacial dysostosis.

    The Nager syndrome is the most common form of acrofacial dysostosis. Although autosomal dominant and recessive forms of acrofacial dysostosis have been described the molecular etiology of these disorders is unknown. We report on a child with acrofacial dysostosis, critical aortic stenosis, and a deletion of chromosome 1q involving the heterochromatic block and adjacent euchromatin. ( info)

2/288. Acromelic frontonasal dysostosis.

    We report on 3 male and 2 female infants with acromelic frontonasal dysostosis. All 5 had a frontonasal malformation of the face and nasal clefting associated with striking symmetrical preaxial polysyndactyly of the feet and variable tibial hypoplasia. In contrast, the upper limbs were normal. This rare variant of frontonasal dysplasia may represent a distinct autosomal-recessive disorder. We suggest that the molecular basis of this condition may be a perturbation of the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signalling pathway, which plays an important part in the development of the midline central nervous system/craniofacial region and the limbs. ( info)

3/288. Robinow (fetal face) syndrome: report of a boy with dominant type and an infant with recessive type.

    The cases of two patients with Robinow fetal face syndrome, an 11-year-old Thai boy and a newborn Caucasian girl, are described. The Thai boy had the characteristics typical of the dominant type of the syndrome with a few newly recognized signs, including communicating hydrocephalus, underdeveloped sinuses, short roots of the teeth, narrow and thick-floored pulp chambers, hypoplastic nipples, absent middle phalanges of the second to fifth toes, cone-shaped epiphyses of the second and fourth fingers and fifth toes, single creases of the fourth and fifth fingers, clinodactyly of the third fingers, dysmorphic umbilicus, and shawl scrotum. The girl had anomalies typical of the recessive type of the syndrome. She also had capillary hemangioma at the tip of her nose and hypoplastic fourth metatarsal bones, which are the newly recognized features of the recessive type. Infrequently reported clinical manifestations of the syndrome are discussed. ( info)

4/288. Heavy metal: beware.

    A 19-year-old Crouzon's syndrome patient with a history of multiple craniofacial procedures presented with severe bilateral temporal and frontal depressions and metal implants protruding through the scalp in multiple locations. Preoperative analysis revealed an extensive cranial defect that had been reconstructed with multiple large metallic mesh implants. The mesh required complete removal with an autograft cranial reconstruction. We present this case to urge that caution and forethought be exercised when contemplating the use of metallic alloplasts for major craniofacial reconstructions. ( info)

5/288. Midface distraction.

    Since the initial application of distraction osteogenesis to the human mandible by McCarthy, distraction osteogenesis has been used for gradual lengthening of the midface in children with syndromic craniosynostosis, cleft lip and palate, hemifacial microsomia, and midface hypoplasia from other causes. Both external and internal devices are available that permit midface distraction. The background of midface distraction and the development of a Modular Internal Distraction (MID) system that permits widespread use of easily customized, buried distraction devices throughout the craniofacial region are presented. The relative and potential clinical indications for distraction, treatment planning, patient preparation, and possible surgical orthodontic interactions during distraction, as well as a variety of case examples showing the MID system, are discussed. ( info)

6/288. Fibroblast growth factor receptor mutational screening in newborns affected by metopic synostosis.

    A number of craniosynostotic disorders have recently been ascribed to mutations in genes coding for the fibroblast growth factor receptors(FGFRs). The common feature of these FGFR-associated conditions is the unilateral or bilateral premature ossification of the coronal suture. One distinct craniosynostotic condition is trigonocephaly, which results from the premature fusion of the metopic suture. Trigonocephaly mostly occurs as isolated cranial defect; however, the premature closure of the metopic suture may represent a feature of more complex craniosynostotic conditions in which a progressive involvement of other cranial sutures with age is observed. The possible involvement of mutated FGFRs in trigonocephaly was investigated in nine newborns affected by isolated premature synostosis of the metopic suture. All except one of these cases carried no mutations in the FGFR1-3 domains indicated as hot spots for craniosynostosis-associated mutations. A T(978)C transition in the FGFR2 exon IIIa was found in a patient who had a phenotype that apparently fitted the trigonocephalic condition at birth, but showed additional facial anomalies, which worsened progressively with age towards a Crouzon-like profile. The present finding points out the importance, from both diagnostic and prognostic points of view, of early FGFR mutational screening in craniosynostotic conditions, even in forms that apparently do not involve closure of the coronal suture at birth. ( info)

7/288. Crouzon disease--a case report.

    The present case of a ten year old boy with craniofacial dysostosis with the features of midfacial hypoplasia is a disease known as Crouzon disease. This disease is characterised by cranial deformities, facial malformation, eye changes and occasional other associated abnormalities. The aim of this case is to discuss the clinical, radiographic features and management of the problems. ( info)

8/288. Crouzon syndrome with acanthosis nigricans: case report and mutational analysis.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the 22nd case of Crouzan syndrome with acanthosis nigricans, a hyperkeratotic skin disorder with hyperpigmentation. methods: dna analysis and sequencing of the FGFR3 gene were performed. RESULTS: The 13-year-old Japanese boy described here also had dyspnea, facial palsy, sensorineural hearing loss, and skeletal and mental retardation. Examination of a skin biopsy specimen revealed the typical findings of acanthosis nigricans. Genetic analysis revealed the Ala391Glu mutation in one FGFR3 gene. CONCLUSIONS: Crouzon syndrome with acanthosis nigricans is a distinct clinical entity different from classic Crouzon syndrome. ( info)

9/288. Abnormal timing in the prenatal ossification of vertebral column and hand in Crouzon syndrome.

    We report on a radiographically examined fetus (gestational age 13 weeks) with Crouzon syndrome caused by a mutation in the gene encoding the fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGFR2). We found an approximately 2-week delay in vertebral body and hand ossification with normal vertebral arch ossification, suggesting that regionally delayed skeletal maturation might be a manifestation of FGFR2 mutation syndromes. The findings support other studies indicating that different signaling pathways control skeletal maturation in vertebral bodies and vertebral arches. ( info)

10/288. Obstructive sleep apnea in a growing patient.

    sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is a complex respiratory disorder that is very difficult to diagnose and to treat surgically as well as medically. SAS can affect growing patients as well as adults. SAS shows a central, an obstructive, and a mixed form. diagnosis is based on clinical examination of the patient and instrumental examinations such as teleradiography, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMR), three-dimensional computed tomography, polysomnography, rhinomanometry, and spirometry. The patient presented has an obstructive form of SAS in addition to Crouzon's disease. He underwent a Le Fort III osteotomy to obtain an advancement of the orbitomaxillary complex, allowing an increase in volume of posterior airway space at the level of the hypopharynx. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Craniofacial Dysostosis'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.