Cases reported "Crohn Disease"

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1/1752. Shingles during the course of treatment with 6-mercaptopurine for inflammatory bowel disease.

    OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the frequency, severity, and outcome of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis treated with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) who developed shingles during treatment, and to recommend management. While varicella can be severe in young people immunocompromised by steroids, the incidence of herpes zoster in older people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and whether its severity is influenced by 6MP and azathioprine are unknown. methods: Data were collected from our IBD Center on 550 patients with IBD to identify those who developed shingles while on 6MP, its severity, the dose and duration of 6MP, and the management of the 6MP. RESULTS: Twelve of 550 patients with IBD treated with 6MP developed shingles. In two with herpes zoster ophthalmicus the pain was prolonged, and one patient developed encephalitis which was brief and uncomplicated; in nine patients the course was benign. acyclovir should be the treatment of choice even though it was available in only three cases. CONCLUSIONS: Shingles occurs more often in IBD patients treated with 6MP than in those who are not, but the course is usually benign and there has been no mortality. The 6MP should be stopped temporarily until severity is established but if the underlying disease warrants further treatment the 6MP should be restarted. ( info)

2/1752. Granulomatous cheilitis and Crohn's disease in a 3-year-old boy.

    Granulomatous cheilitis and Crohn's disease are disorders of unknown etiology. There are case reports describing their coincidence and pointing out the necessity of ruling out systemic disorders once the diagnosis of granulomatous cheilitis is made. However, such reports are few and the causal association of both diseases is controversial in the literature. We report the youngest patient so far, a 3-year-old boy, who had granulomatous cheilitis and Crohn's disease simultaneously. This coincidence so early in life strongly suggests that both represent manifestations of the same disease. ( info)

3/1752. brain-gut axis and mucosal immunity: a perspective on mucosal psychoneuroimmunology.

    The role of the brain-gut axis has traditionally been investigated in relation to intestinal motility, secretion, and vascularity. More recently, the concept of brain-gut dialogue has extended to the relationship between the nervous system and mucosal immune function. There is compelling evidence for a reciprocal or bi-directional communication between the immune system and the neuroendocrine system. This is mediated, in part, by shared ligands (chemical messengers) and receptors that are common to the immune and nervous systems. Although the concept of psychoneuroimmunology and neuroimmune cross-talk has been studied primarily in the context of the systemic immune system, it is likely to have special significance in the gut. The mucosal immune system is anatomically, functionally, and operationally distinct from the systemic immune system and is subject to independent regulatory signals. Furthermore, the intestinal mucosal immune system operates in a local milieu that depends on a dense innervation for its integrity, with juxtaposition of neuroendocrine cells and mucosal immune cells. An overview of evidence for the biologic plausibility of a brain-gut-immune axis is presented and its potential relevance to mucosal inflammatory disorders is discussed. ( info)

4/1752. Stress and mind-body impact on the course of inflammatory bowel diseases.

    At present, the medical management of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are focused on topical, locally active antiinflammatories and systemic immunosuppressives, which are thought to exert their targeted effects in the gastrointestinal mucosa. There is a paucity of controlled trials assessing the impact of mind, central nervous system (CNS), and neuromodulation on the overly active immune response in the intestinal mucosa. patients and their physicians have long been aware of a strong association between attitude, stress, and flares of their IBD. Although reports to date remain mostly anecdotal, the degree to which mind-body influences and stress impact levels of local inflammation deserves closer attention with the aim of identifying contributing mechanisms, which may highlight new therapeutic interventions, as well as assist in identifying particular subsets of patients that may respond to novel forms of adjunctive treatments for IBD, including hypnosis, meditation, neuropeptide receptor modulation, and cortisol-releasing factor (CRF) modulation. ( info)

5/1752. Generalized AA-amyloidosis in a 58-year-old Caucasian woman with an 18-month history of gastrointestinal tuberculosis.

    We report on a 58-year-old Caucasian woman who went to a general practitioner about recurrent abdominal pain, night sweats and weight loss of a few weeks' duration. Once gynaecological disease had been ruled out, the patient was admitted to hospital with severe abdominal pain and intestinal obstruction and a right-sided hemicolectomy was performed. Following the investigation of osteolytic lumbar vertebrae, 18 months after visiting the general practitioner the patient was finally found to be suffering from generalized AA-amyloidosis secondary to gastrointestinal tuberculosis. This had been misinterpreted as Crohn's disease. Re-examination of the specimens from the right-sided hemicolectomy demonstrated that scanty deposits of AA-amyloid were present 9 months after the first presentation. AA-amyloid can thus be present in serious inflammatory disease even during the first 9 months after the initial clinical presentation. ( info)

6/1752. Coincidence of hereditary angioedema (HAE) with Crohn's disease.

    A patient with two diseases, based presumably on different immunopathological mechanisms, hereditary angioedema (HAE) and Crohn's disease, was followed for 8 years. For more than three years of this observation period, detailed laboratory data were also available and could be analyzed. Both diseases had severe courses requiring chronic treatment with danazol and sulfasalazine, respectively. During exacerbation of Crohn's disease, the levels of C4 was found to be significantly lower than during the periods free of symptoms of both diseases. This drop was probably due to an impaired C1-inhibitor activity. HAE attacks and acute exacerbation of Crohn's disease never occurred simultaneously. This finding may be a mere chance but may also indicate that the different immunopathological processes underlying HAE and Crohn's disease influence each other. ( info)

7/1752. The radiology corner: Longitudinal fistulous tract of the colon and a perianal fistula in diverticulitis.

    Diverticular disease may mimic many of the symptoms and signs of Crohn's disease. The presence, however, of perirectal involvement and a longitudinal fistula greater than 10 cm. in the wall of the colon are two unusual features of diverticular disease. Discussed herein is a patient who presented with both of these complications. ( info)

8/1752. Crohn's disease presenting as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein (pylephlebitis): case report and review of the literature.

    Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein, or pylephlebitis, is an extremely rare complication of intraabdominal infection, most commonly caused by diverticulitis (1). The following case report describes a patient without previous significant medical history presenting with painless jaundice and presumed malignancy. Workup revealed pylephlebitis due to an ileal abscess secondary to Crohn's disease. The patient was successfully treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and terminal small bowel and right colon resection. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Crohn's disease diagnosed after presentation with pylephlebitis. ( info)

9/1752. Jumping translocations involving chromosome 1q in a patient with crohn disease and acute monocytic leukemia: a review of the literature on jumping translocations in hematological malignancies and crohn disease.

    A 36-year-old man with a 10-year history of crohn disease (CD) presented with gross hematuria and blasts in his peripheral blood. A chromosome analysis revealed one normal cell and 33 abnormal cells. The stem line was 47,XY, 8. The multiple side lines also had a jumping translocation between chromosome 1q31-32 and 4, 8, 10, 17, and 18 terminal regions. A cytogenetic, morphologic, and immunophenotypic analysis of a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy demonstrated acute myeloid leukemia of monocytic lineage, AML-M5b. In this paper are reviewed (a) the unusual and rare phenomenon of jumping translocations in hematological malignancies and (b) leukemia in CD. ( info)

10/1752. Effect of Crohn's disease on colonic diverticula.

    Fifteen cases in which the same part of the colon has been affected by both diverticular disease and Crohn's disease have been studied. When Crohn's disease affects an area of colon where diverticula are present, radiological examination may show a diminution in number or disappearance of the diverticula with progress of the Crohn's disease. With improvement in the Crohn's disease diverticula may appear. ( info)
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