Cases reported "Cubital Tunnel Syndrome"

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1/9. Recalcitrant post-surgical neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow: treatment with autogenous saphenous vein wrapping.

    Surgical decompression or transposition is generally efficacious for cubital tunnel syndrome. However, recurrence is not rare and its management is both challenging and difficult. Four patients with refractory cubital tunnel syndrome were operated on with the vein-wrapping technique, using the autologous saphenous vein. A total of 16 operative procedures were performed on these patients prior to wrapping the ulnar nerve with a saphenous vein graft. The mean patient age was 43 years (range: 30 to 54 years) and the mean follow-up was 34 months (range: 24 to 44 months). All patients reported significant pain relief and improvement in sensation. Two-point discrimination and EMG findings also improved. This is the first study reporting long-term results of the vein-wrapping technique for the treatment of recalcitrant cubital tunnel syndrome. ( info)

2/9. Diagnostic ultrasonography of the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome.

    Thirty-two elbows in 31 patients diagnosed as having cubital tunnel syndrome underwent ultrasonographic examination to assess morphological changes in the ulnar nerve and its surrounding tissues. On longitudinal images, the site of constriction due to the fibrous band and proximal swelling of the nerve were observed by ultrasonography and were confirmed intraoperatively. On axial images, the lengths of the major axis [7.2 (SD 1.6) mm] and the minor axis [3.7 (0.9) mm] of the nerve at the medial epicondyle were greater than those in normal subjects. There was a correlation between the stage of ulnar nerve palsy and the diameter of the major axis. Preoperatively, ganglia were detected by ultrasonography in the cubital tunnel in three cases and an anconeus epitrochlearis muscle in two. ( info)

3/9. Symptomatic epineural ganglion cyst of the ulnar nerve in the cubital tunnel: a case report and brief review of the literature.

    An unusual case of pain and weakness in the hand and forearm due to a ganglion cyst of the ulnar nerve at the elbow is presented. The patient was managed initially as a case of cervical disc disease and cervical spondylosis and later as a case of carpal tunnel syndrome at an another institution. Cervical radiography and cervical magnetic resonance imaging scans were inconclusive. Neurosurgical referral revealed tenderness at the right cubital tunnel, weakness of the right hand and forearm muscles, and sensory deficit along the medial border of the forearm and the hand. The diagnosis of ulnar nerve compression at the elbow was made. Nerve conduction studies of the ulnar nerve at the elbow confirmed the diagnosis. A ganglion cyst of the ulnar nerve was excised microsurgically with a complete postoperative sensory motor recovery. ( info)

4/9. Findings of exploration of a vein-wrapped ulnar nerve: report of a case.

    A 54-year-old woman underwent a revision procedure after failure of 3 previous procedures for recalcitrant cubital tunnel syndrome. She underwent neurolysis and vein wrapping of the ulnar nerve during the fourth procedure. Two years later she developed a neuroma of the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve necessitating a fifth procedure. At the time of neuroma relocation we noted that the vein was intact around the ulnar nerve and that there was no scarring between the vein and nerve. ( info)

5/9. Recurrent cubital tunnel syndrome. Etiology and treatment.

    Controversy surrounds the treatment of recurrent cubital tunnel syndrome after previous surgery. Irrespective of the surgical technique, namely pure decompression in the ulnar groove and the cubital tunnel distal of the medial epicondyle, and the different methods of volar transposition (subcutaneous, intramuscular, and submuscular), the results of surgical therapy of cubital tunnel syndrome are often not favorable, especially in cases of long-standing symptoms and severe deficits. Twenty-two patients who had previously undergone surgical treatment for ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow were evaluated because of persistent or recurrent pain, paresthesia, numbness, and motor weakness. Ten patients had undergone a nerve transposition, 5 patients underwent a simple decompression of the ulnar nerve, and 7 patients experienced two previous operations with different surgical techniques. Two patients underwent surgery at our hospital, whereas 20 patients underwent their primary surgery at other institutions. Various surgical techniques were used during the subsequent surgery, such as external neurolysis, subcutaneous anterior transposition, and subsequent transfer of the nerve back into the sulcus. The causes of continued or recurrent symptoms after initial surgery included dense perineural fibrosis of the nerve after subcutaneous transposition, adhesions of the nerve to the medial epicondyle and retention of the medial intermuscular septum. The average follow-up after the last procedure was 7 months (2 - 20 months). All 7 patients with subsequent transfer of the ulnar nerve back into the sulcus became pain-free, whereas only 11 of 15 patients who had external neurolysis or subcutaneous transposition became free of pain or experienced reduced pain. The recovery of motor function and return of sensibility were variable and unpredictable. In summary, reoperation after primary surgery of cubital tunnel syndrome gave satisfactory results in 18 of 22 cases. Subsequent transfer of the ulnar nerve back into the sulcus promises to be useful in cases in which subcutaneous transposition had not been successful. ( info)

6/9. The cubital tunnel syndrome: a case report and discussion.

    cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common peripheral neuropathy of the upper extremity. It presents as elbow, forearm, or hand pain in the ulnar nerve sensory distribution and it is the result of overuse, trauma, or entrapment of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. Proper physical diagnosis can localize the site of ulnar nerve entrapment to the elbow or wrist. Both conservative and operative modalities exist to treat the cubital tunnel syndrome; optimal management is still unclear. ( info)

7/9. Incorporating nerve-gliding techniques in the conservative treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE: To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with cubital tunnel syndrome and to illustrate novel treatment modalities for the ulnar nerve and its surrounding structures and target tissues. The rationale for the addition of nerve-gliding techniques will be highlighted. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two months after onset, a 17-year-old female nursing student who had a traumatic onset of cubital tunnel syndrome still experienced pain around the elbow and paresthesia in the ulnar nerve distribution. Electrodiagnostic tests were negative. Segmental cervicothoracic motion dysfunctions were present which were regarded as contributing factors hindering natural recovery. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES: After 6 sessions consisting of nerve-gliding techniques and segmental joint manipulation and a home exercise program consisting of nerve gliding and light free-weight exercises, a substantial improvement was recorded on both the impairment and functional level (pain scales, clinical tests, and Northwick Park Questionnaire). Symptoms did not recur within a 10-month follow-up period, and pain and disability had completely resolved. CONCLUSIONS: movement-based management may be beneficial in the conservative management of cubital tunnel syndrome. As this intervention is in contrast with the traditional recommendation of immobilization, comparing the effects of both interventions in a systematic way is an essential next step to determine the optimal treatment of patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. ( info)

8/9. cubital tunnel syndrome in adolescent baseball players: a report of six cases with 3- to 5-year follow-up.

    In this case report, we describe the clinical features and surgical outcome of cubital tunnel syndrome in adolescent baseball players. Two infielders, 2 pitchers, and 2 catchers who suffered cubital tunnel syndrome during adolescence (average age, 14 years) were surgically treated. Symptoms of medial elbow pain first appeared during throwing in competition games in summer or autumn seasons. After the onset, they suffered limitation of elbow extension and weakness on grabbing balls. They could not throw because of recurrent medial elbow pain. Laxity of the medial collateral ligament was not detected by stress radiography. Duration of symptoms from the onset to surgery was less than 6 months for 2 patients, 1 year for 2, and longer than 2 years for 2 patients. Anterior subcutaneous transposition of the ulnar nerve relieved symptoms up to 3.3 postoperative years. Medial protrusion of the triceps muscle was observed to cause irritation of the ulnar nerve. fibrosis surrounding the ulnar nerve was observed without pseudoneuroma. Throwing performance returned completely to competitive level in 5 months postoperatively in 5 of 6 patients. early diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome in adolescent baseball players is very important. Anterior subcutaneous transposition of the ulnar nerve relieves symptoms and restores throwing function. ( info)

9/9. An aberrant anatomic variation along the course of the ulnar nerve above the elbow with coexistent cubital tunnel syndrome.

    We report on a patient with an unusual anatomic variation along the course of ulnar nerve above the elbow who had cubital tunnel syndrome. The variation consisted of a cutaneous neural branch that was originating at a distance of approximately 40 mm proximal to the medial epicondyle, and from the radial aspect of the main trunk of ulnar nerve. The branch had a superficial course and it was passing distally, anterior to the medial epicondyle without penetrating the fascia of the flexor muscles origin. Anterior intramuscular transposition of the ulnar nerve was performed leaving the newly found branch over the fascia between the muscles and the adipose subcutaneous tissue. ( info)

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