Cases reported "cushing syndrome"

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1/1097. erysipeloid sporotrichosis in a woman with Cushing's disease.

    A woman presented with a swollen red leg of 2 weeks' duration. culture of the skin biopsy specimen confirmed this to be an infection caused by sporothrix schenckii. Systemic evaluation led to the diagnosis of Cushing's disease and explained the unusual morphology. Treatment-related complications are also discussed. ( info)

2/1097. Undetectable urinary free cortisol concentrations in a case of Cushing's disease.

    Measurement of the 24-h urinary free cortisol is a valuable screening test of endogenous hypercortisolism and, although false positive results may occur in a few situations, for example endogenous depression, false negative results are unusual. We report a case of a 48-year-old lady with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease, whose 24-h urinary free cortisol excretion was consistently undetectable in association with increased plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations and reduced dexamethasone suppressibility. The patient had chronic renal impairment (creatinine clearance 21 ml/min) as a consequence of hypertension, despite only modestly increased urea and creatinine concentrations. Urinary free cortisol measurements must be interpreted with caution in patients with renal impairment. ( info)

3/1097. Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone production by a non-metastatic gastrinoma after long-term conservative treatment of zollinger-ellison syndrome.

    This report concerns a case of a Cushing's syndrome 10 years after first diagnosis of a zollinger-ellison syndrome within the same patient. In a 69-year-old female patient symptoms of hypergastrinaemia have been successfully treated with a proton pump inhibitor. Cushing's syndrome was the result of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone production by a large cystic gastrin-producing tumour of the pancreatic tail. After resection by subtotal pancreatectomy serum adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol, gastrin levels and secretin infusion test returned to normal. In contrast to all other previously published cases of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome associated with zollinger-ellison syndrome, this tumour had not metastasized into the liver and did not show local invasive growth. ( info)

4/1097. Primary hepatic carcinoid in a renal transplant patient.

    There seems to be a world-wide increase in the incidence of tumors among immunosuppressed patients. Of 1350 renal allografts transplanted in the past 23 years at the Department of transplantation and Surgery, 56 cases were malignant tumors. The case of a 58-year-old female patient is reported, with disseminated primary carcinoid in the liver detected 86 days after renal transplantation. According to the literature only 39 patients with primary liver carcinoids have been reported until 1997, but this is the first where the carcinoid developed in an immunosuppressed patient. The rapid progression of the carcinoid could be associated with the immunosuppression. ( info)

5/1097. Progression of a Nelson's adenoma to pituitary carcinoma; a case report and review of the literature.

    A 25-year-old woman developed Nelson's syndrome, 3 years after successful bilateral adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease. Despite pituitary surgery and radiotherapy the tumour showed invasive growth, leading to visual disturbance, paresis of the oculomotor nerve and, 34 years after adrenalectomy, to death by widespread purulent leptomeningitis. autopsy revealed a large adenohypophyseal carcinoma with a metastasis attached to the dura, both tumours showing immunocytochemical staining for ACTH and TSH. We review the literature on metastatic adenohypophyseal carcinoma in Cushing's disease and Nelson's syndrome and discuss the role of proliferation markers as indicators of malignant progression. ( info)

6/1097. Venous subarachnoid hemorrhage after inferior petrosal sinus sampling for adrenocorticotropic hormone.

    Neurologic complications associated with inferior petrosal sinus sampling for adrenocorticotropic hormone in the diagnosis of cushing syndrome are rare. Previously reported complications include brain stem infarction and pontine hemorrhage. We report a case of venous subarachnoid hemorrhage with subsequent acute obstructive hydrocephalus occurring during inferior petrosal sinus sampling for cushing syndrome. ( info)

7/1097. Failure of cyprohepatdine to inhibit vasopressin-stimulated cortisol release in a patient with Cushing's disease.

    A case of a 21-year-old woman with Cushing's disease due to a pituitary tumor is described. The patient was treated with cyprohepatadine for 4 weeks immediately following pituitary alpha-particle irradiation. A standard vasopressin test to measure ACTH-mediated cortisol release was performed four times: prior to pituitary irradiation, after irradiation, after 4 weeks of cyproheptadine therapy, and off cyproheptadine for 2 weeks. cyproheptadine failed to modify vasopressin-stimulated cortisol release in the patient described. This study suggests that cyproheptadine, which has previously been shown to decrease ACTH secretion, probably acts principally at the hypothalamic, rather than at the pituitary level. ( info)

8/1097. An ACTH-producing pituitary carcinoma developing Cushing's disease.

    An autopsy case of an ACTH-producing pituitary carcinoma in a 59-year-old man who developed Cushing's disease is reported. The surgically removed pituitary tumor was diagnosed as chromophobe adenoma, however, pulmonary metastases appeared 2 years after the operation. autopsy revealed a residual pituitary tumor in the sella turcica with systemic metastases to the lungs, liver, pulmonary lymph nodes, hypothalamus, dura mater, and the subarachnoid space of the midbrain and spinal cord. immunohistochemistry revealed ACTH positivity in the tumor cells. Further immunohistochemical study showed positive high expression of Ki-67 in the tumor removed at surgery as well as in the autopsied tumor. Ki-67 labeling index provided valuable information about the invasive and proliferative potential compared to noninvasive benign pituitary adenoma. ( info)

9/1097. Studies on the "low dose" suppressible Cushing's disease.

    diagnosis of Cushing's disease in most cases can be established by the standard dexamethasone suppression test without difficulty. However, some cases were known to be normally suppressed by the standard low dose of dexamethasone (2 mg daily). The case we encountered recently was also normally suppressed by either the rapid (Nugent) or the standard (Liddle) method. This fact prompted us to study the usefulness of a single dose of 0.5 mg of dexamethasone to suppress the plasma cortisol in the normal. It was concluded that the single oral dose of 0.5 mg of dexamethasone given at 11 p.m. on the previous night suppressed the plasma cortisol efficiently the following morning in the normal, thus making the differentiation of particular cases of Cushing's disease from the normal possible. The disappearance of plasma dexamethasone did not differ significantly between the normal and the Cushing's disease. ( info)

10/1097. indium-111 pentetreotide lung uptake in infectious lung disease.

    Bilateral diffuse lung uptake of In-111 pentetreotide (OCT) was observed during a whole-body scan performed in a 68-year-old woman with Cushing's syndrome and suspected ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion. A few days later, she was found to have bilateral bacterial pneumonia (of mixed anaerobic origin). Cushing's syndrome was finally proved to be of pituitary origin. The OCT lung uptake in pneumonia probably resulted from tracer binding by somatostatin receptors on the inflammatory leukocytes. Although the rapid wash-out from experimentally induced abscesses does not make OCT a suitable tracer for detecting acute infections, the images and data here reported suggest that infectious lung disease should be excluded before diagnosing lung involvement by neuroendocrine tumors. ( info)
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