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1/61. Conservative surgery in a young patient with peritoneal psammocarcinoma.

    Psammocarcinoma is a rare epithelial neoplasm of the ovary and peritoneum. The reported management of patients with this tumor includes radical surgery and chemotherapy. We report the case of a young woman with metastatic psammocarcinoma treated with conservative surgery who is alive 6.5 years following positive second-look laparotomy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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2/61. Serous adenocarcinoma of the uterus presenting as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration is a rare complication of cancer and is most frequently associated with lung, ovary, and breast cancers as well as Hodgkins lymphoma. A 74-year-old female with a past history of breast cancer presented with vomiting, ataxia, slurred speech, and dizziness. Her serum chemistry, thyroid and liver function tests, acetylcholine antibodies, serum cortisol, CT, and MRI imaging were all normal. serum testing for anti-YO antibodies was positive. Further evaluation including CT of the abdomen and pelvis revealed endometrial thickening. Subsequently, an endometrial biopsy showed a poorly differentiated serous adenocarcinoma. Surgical staging was consistent with a stage IIIc serous adenocarcinoma of the uterus. The risk factors, symptoms, signs, differential diagnosis, and clinical and antibody associations of the paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration syndrome are reviewed. In addition, an efficient approach to the diagnostic evaluation of such patients is proposed.
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ranking = 6.90113667
keywords = cancer
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3/61. Primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma: A case presenting with an upper abdominal mass and elevated CA-125.

    Primary peritoneal serous adenocarcinoma with predominating psammoma bodies, psammocarcinoma, is a very rare tumor with only seven cases documented in the English literature. Pathological classification of this entity was established in 1990 and clinical behavior of this tumor is uncertain. Based on limited data these tumors appear to behave similarly to low malignant potential tumors of the ovary. This case describes a 59-year-old woman who underwent exploratory laparotomy for a large upper abdominal cystic mass. Findings included a large tumor mass involving the gastrocolic omentum and dense small bowel adhesions. The patient had normal ovaries and was debulked to no macroscopic disease. Final pathologic diagnosis confirmed a stage IIIC primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma. The patient has received no adjunctive therapy and is without evidence of disease 2 years after surgery. Primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma is a neoplasm which can mimic serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary. In contrast, primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma appears to behave in an indolent fashion. Primary surgical debulking should be attempted, while the utility of postoperative chemotherapy remains unknown.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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4/61. Long-term consequences following conservative management of epithelial ovarian cancer in an infertile patient.

    A 35-year-old woman with primary infertility underwent an ovarian cystectomy for a 5 x 4 cm left adnexal mass. There was no macroscopic evidence of metastatic disease. The final pathology report revealed a poorly differentiated serous cystadenocarcinoma. Because the patient desired to retain child-bearing capacity, she refused a surgical staging of her ovarian cancer. She elected to receive combination chemotherapy. This was then followed by a negative reassessment laparotomy. The patient was diagnosed with recurrent, metastatic ovarian carcinoma 10 years later.
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ranking = 11.50189445
keywords = cancer
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5/61. Anti-Yo positive paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration associated with ovarian carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a rare nonmetastatic neurological complication in cancer patients. Anti-Yo is one of the anti-onconeural antibodies found in PCD patients. It is believed that anti-Yo occurs almost always in women and is most likely associated with gynecologic or breast cancers, although exceptions exist. Here we report a PCD patient with ovarian cancer having high-titer anti-Yo. The acute onset of her PCD symptoms mimicked that of a stroke. Her ovarian cancer tissue contained abundant plasma cells and lymphocytes. After a thorough review of the literature, we propose a schematic hypothesis for the autoimmune pathogenesis of PCD. Despite anecdotal case reports of neurological improvement with different combinations of treatment, including IVIg, there is still no definitely effective treatment for PCD. Further research on the pathogenesis of PCD may lead to more effective therapies.
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ranking = 9.20151556
keywords = cancer
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6/61. Solitary splenic recurrence of ovarian cancer: case report and review of the literature.

    We report a rare case of solitary recurrence of ovarian cancer in the spleen which developed 4 years after initial treatment. Only six cases have been reported in the literature and all were serous carcinoma. Our patient had a splenectomy without any complications but developed a liver metastasis 10 months after splenectomy.
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ranking = 11.50189445
keywords = cancer
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7/61. Low-grade ovarian cancer in an adolescent patient.

    BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumors in the pediatric population are most likely to be of germ cell origin. However, serous tumors have also been reported in adolescent patients. CASE: A 14-year-old girl was diagnosed with stage IIIc low-grade ovarian cancer. Her serum CA-125 was elevated preoperatively and was a marker for recurrence of disease. Five months after completing standard chemotherapy, she developed recurrent disease, which progressed despite hormonal therapy. She then developed toxicity on liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil) and is now receiving hospice care. CONCLUSION: Low-grade serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary can present as advanced disease and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an ovarian mass in an adolescent patient.
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ranking = 11.50189445
keywords = cancer
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8/61. Advanced gastric cancer with multiple lymph node metastasis successfully treated with etoposide, adriamycin and cisplatin.

    Gastric cancer usually shows poor sensitivity to chemotherapy, and the presence of lymph node metastases is associated with extremely poor prognosis, especially when the number of such nodes is more than 10. We report here a case of advanced gastric cancer with histopathologically confirmed metastases in 15 regional lymph nodes, in which the recurrent tumor was sensitive to combination chemotherapy. Distal gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy was performed for the primary tumor. A hard (recurrent) tumor was detected in the upper abdomen 5 months postoperatively. Abdominal CT revealed two tumors measuring 3.5 x 1.8 and 3.3 x 2 cm in diameter at the front of the pancreatic head, which suggested recurrence. etoposide, adriamycin and cisplatin (EAP) chemotherapy (20 mg/kg adriamycin, 100 mg/kg etoposide and 50 mg/kg cisplatin (CDDP)) was administered every 6 weeks. The tumors regressed and became undetectable on CT after four cycles. At that stage, CDDP was replaced with 400 mg/kg carboplatin, which was administered every 1 or 2 months. The patient had no recurrence 8 years after surgery. For treatment of advanced gastric cancer with multiple lymph node metastases, a wide resection of the tumor should be performed followed by treatment of the residual tumor cells with a suitable combination chemotherapy taking into consideration the characteristics of the tumor and the condition of the host. We present a patient with gastric cancer and histopathologically confirmed metastases in 15 regional lymph nodes, who was successfully treated by surgery followed by EAP adjuvant chemotherapy. The patient remains alive and well at 8 years after surgery.
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ranking = 18.40303112
keywords = cancer
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9/61. Usefulness of positron emission tomography for diagnosis of malignancy in a calcified lesion: a case report.

    When calcified lesions in the liver or spleen are found during follow-up of patients who have undergone debulking surgery and chemotherapy for advanced ovarian carcinoma, it is very difficult to differentiate recurrent cancer from secondary change after chemotherapy. We present here a patient in whom calcified lesions in the liver and spleen were diagnosed as malignancy on the basis of a preoperative PET study. Malignancy was confirmed by histologic examination after surgery.
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ranking = 2.30037889
keywords = cancer
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10/61. A case of early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer in pregnancy.

    There are few reports in the literature of platinum-based chemotherapy administered in pregnancy. We present a case of serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary complicating pregnancy. Following laparotomy at 16 weeks of gestation, four cycles of cisplatin were administered prior to confinement at 32 weeks. There were no neonatal sequelae. We believe there is increasing evidence for the safe use of cisplatin in pregnancy.
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ranking = 9.20151556
keywords = cancer
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